Public school funding in America comes from federal, States and local sources, however the majority of those fund comes from local sources, meanly property taxes. The American system creates enormous funding differences between rich and poor community. Richer communities not only have larger property tax bases, but many have higher tax rates. Compare to poor communities with low property taxes bases and low tax rates. When the location and property value influence the allocation of the school fund, it is clear that students living in neighborhoods with least property values will be denied access to the quality of education offered to students living in communities with greater property values.
However, the public education system is quite inequitable. In the majority of cases, children that live in better neighborhoods end up doing better than those in lower income communities do. The schools in higher income areas are maintained more frequently and overall provide the children with better opportunities than schools in lower income areas. This is not fair, even though the government will try to spend money equally it does not always end up being impartial. This unfairness is presented at an elementary and a secondary school level.
The public education system in Texas is mostly funded at the local, then the state, and finally at the federal level. In the school year of 2013-2014, public school districts were funded 56.4% at the local level, 32.9% at state level, and 9.0% at the federal level (FAST - Public Education Funding In Texas). This means that more than half of the public education funding comes from the local level which includes the property taxes, therefore there is an unequal funding within school districts from different cities. As I mentioned before, the state of Texas fails to distribute the money equally within schools, but why? Well there is two answers to this issue.
Basing school funding on property tax leads to unequal opportunities and environments for students, even though the government may claim it is not up to them, there needs to be a drastic change. Currently, taxes collected from the surrounding communities fund public school districts. Public schools get financed mainly by the property tax of the surrounding houses. “Resources available to school districts relied heavily on local property wealth, and property wealth per pupil varied greatly, as it continues today”
problem lies in the fact that most public schools have fixed costs from heating costs to teaching staff that cannot easily be adjusted or downscaled when a few students leave in a given year. The result equates to “squeezed funding at traditional public schools” (Daniel Simmons Ritchie). School choice is not necessary.
n “The Failure of American Public Education” (February 01 1993), John Hood explains the sundry perspectives on the American education system. Hood tactfully uses cause and effect to demonstrate the viewpoints of a myriad of individuals regarding American schools and their approaches to effectively educating students; he explains how “free-market thinkers believe that applying market competition to the public schools will solve many of America’s educational problems” (Hood) ; “critics believe that public education reforms fail because they are compromised or sabotaged by the education lobbies—teacher associations, administrators, and the legislators in their pockets” (Hood) and “many conservatives believe that American public education is in
School funding is also based on the school population size. Why should newer schools with high income students get to have a lot more resources then the other schools with low income students. Why is it that lower income schools aren’t given the same resources to help the students? These students with low income do have the same opportunity as the higher income new schools. A lot of those students don’t have access to internet or even have a ride for transportation.
In some schools spending per student exceeds $10000 per year but the graduation rate is below 50 percent for example in Detroit. Detroit spends about 11100 per year on each student but only 25 percent of their student’s graduate high school. Policymakers should focus on reforming policies and resource allocations to improve student achievement. According to the National Center for Education Statistics 52 percent of public Education expenditures are spent on instruct and this percentage keeps decreasing overtime. Children who benefit from the school choice program usually have higher test scores than their peers.
Furthermore, it is very suspicious that Texas being second in having the highest GDP (Gross Domestic Product) has had many budget cuts throughout the year in education. One of the six university student interviewed questioned, “Texas is one of the most economically successful states; so why are they cutting funds for the educational department?” The educational area deserves more funding since everyone’s future is in the hands of this generation. Future doctors, lawyers, teachers, architects, and even the
The state of Texas has been in a constant struggle within itself over just how to evaluate education, and standardized testing in Texas has been a major influencer in terms of the state’s standards for over thirty years. Though these methods of testing have been utilized for decades, resentment to the tests have been continuously rising among educators, parents, and students, but not everyone agrees. Despite government officials trying to quell these protests with changes to administration, and the way the test itself is formatted and formulated, there seems to have been little to no improvement made and those opposing the tests have started calling for an end to all standardized testing. For one to truly understand this ongoing struggle, one must first look at standardized testing’s beginning, then how government today is trying to fix the broken system, and finally consider the opinions of notable figures in the testing world.
The growing minds of scholars in elementary, middle and high school should be exposed to a more creative system of measuring education. When reflecting on the current state of testing, John Holt states, “And so, in this dull and ugly place, where nobody ever says anything very truthful, where everybody is playing a kind of role, as in a charade, where teachers are no more free to respond honestly to the students than the students are free to respond to the teachers or each other” (E) This reflection on America’s education system represents the controlling and ineffective tactics. Students and teachers have confirmed to an unnatural fruitless environment including standardized testing. This demonstrates the effects of attention away from the needs of an individual. Secondly, on a design for a book about how to prepare kinder gated students for standardized testing, it shows images of pencils, clocks and a slip of paper including four answer bubbles.
A local teacher said “some principles like standardized test because they can make they’re school look good which equals more money. Most teachers don’t like standardized tests because it makes them have to teach to the test instead of teaching the curriculum. It also puts a lot of pressure on the teachers because in some states they’re tests scores decide on how much they get paid, if they get to say in that grade level, or if they get moved to a different grade level because their scores were better for that grade level” (source 1). A teacher that teaches at a local school said “the state testing I had used for much of my career was severely flawed (STAR) I did
Residential segregation has a profound effect on the quality of local academics. A study conducted, showed “families and schools in America’s inner cities and rural places simply lack many of the resources that promote educational achievement and attainment” (Roscigno, Tomaskovic-Devey, and Crowley 2006:2139). This lack of resources is caused by the low taxation of property based on the income level of its residents. This is a vicious cycle that continues to trap individuals and their families in these areas.
A few months ago on a call with reporters, U.S Education secretary Arne Duncan addressed the growing problem of school funding. “As it stands, Duncan said, about 6.6 million students from low-income families in 23 states are harmed by local and state funding disparities” (HuffingtonPost.com, 1). Funding