The discovery of effective drugs has led to many successful developments of medical advances through animal experimentation. “Practically every present-day protocol for the prevention, control, cure of disease and relief of pain is based on knowledge obtained-directly or indirectly-through the research with animals” (Primary Source Document: Foundation for Biomedical Research Extols Benefits of Animal Research, page 1). While some extremists believe that the result of animal testing and experimentation can’t be applied to humans, other researchers and physicians agree that animal research provides invaluable and irreplaceable insight into human systems due to the fact of similarities of human systems and those of animals. “The essential need for animal research is recognized and supported by scientists, medical societies, and health agencies around the world. Further proof of its validity can be found in the vast body of Nobel Prize winning work in physiology and medicine that has been achieved with animal models ranging from fruit flies to zebrafish.” (Primary Source Document: Foundation for Biomedical Research Extols Benefits of Animal Research, page 1).
Audience Throughout the centuries our views on animal testing has drastically changed. Animal experimentation is when a live animal is forced to perform something or get performed on, that likely causes pain and suffering. Animal experiments include injecting or force feeding animals with harmful substances, exposing animals to radiation, forcing animals to inhale toxic gases, or surgically removing animals’ organs to cause damage. Animal testing can have both pros and cons to it. A pro to animal testing is that it doesn 't put humans to harm.
Some say required courses are essentially slaughtering 100s of animals a week. 5) However, certain statistics can prove them incorrect. Almost 95% veterinary schools offer post-surgical recovery & care as part of their student education. This allows the students to care for the animals until they are back to health, as opposed to allowing them to die. As I previously stated, 25 out of 28 schools offer alternatives for most or all of their “unethical” courses.
Introduction Animals testing have significantly contributed to the advancement of scientific knowledge in general and to biomedical progress specifically. Many example showing that laboratory animals in medical development and other aspects have significantly influenced human health and reduced suffering, for example improved diagnosis of infectious disease (Hau, Jann, Schapiro & Steven, 2002). But since 1960s and 1970s, animals testing protests has gained prominence and strength, people start to argue is it moral to continue “cruel” animal testing. Animal Testing is a Moral Act In the rest of this article, I shall apply different concept under utilitarianism try to discuss whether animal testing are moral acts. It is important to notice that (1) in this article, applying the general idea of utilitarianism which is “the greatest happiness of greatest number” and (2) the animals testing under the rules and regulations.
If you had a choice to test an animal to save your child would you? Animal testing has been proven to work throughout the years but, as we evolve more and more there have been things that could substitute testing. “Research on living animals has been practiced since at least 500 bc”. “Animals used in the experiment commonly subjected to force feeding, forced inhalation, food and water deprivation etc.” Animal testing while seeming inhuman there are some beneficial sides to testing on animals. While they do save countless live animal testing is not proven to always work on humans.
If we want to get our cherished family members and friends out of the hospital and feeling healthy again we must let our scientists experiment on animals to find new cures, and vaccines. 95% of our genes are the same as mice, this makes mice a highly reliable subject for animal testing. We share many diseases with animals such as, cancer asthma and the flu. Without animal testing we would not have tetanus vaccinations, antibiotics and anaesthetics. If we didn’t have these vaccinations we wouldn’t be able to go on holidays, we would be sick a lot and we wouldn’t be able to have fun.
There are two sides to using animal testing, which are that using animals has helped us in experiments, making us able to test on living subjects without using human volunteers, and that animal testing is abusive, cruel and unnecessary because of the other resources we could use, being that animals are different from humans. Animal testing has been practiced around the 17th century at least and has been used for the majority of scientific testing around the globe. The oldest known experiment with animal testing was with William Harvey 's experiment by demonstrating blood circulation on multiple animal types. Animal testing continued to spread throughout Europe in the 19th century where anesthetics were developed which made the use of animals in testing possible. In 1876, the Cruelty to Animals Act passed.
Today there are thousands of activist groups around the world that focus on animal testing, animal cruelty, and the misuse of animals. Animals have been used repeatedly throughout the history of biomedical research. Early Greek physician-scientists, such as Aristotle, and Erasistratus, performed experiments on living animals to test products before applying them to human patients. Also, an Arab physician in twelfth century Moorish Spain, introduced animal testing as an experimental
The care of animals should have an important chapter in the future of bioethics. Scientists and researchers believe that non-human animal tests in biomedical research have many benefits on different applications, mainly for medical developments such as vaccines and the investigation of the cure of diseases, and in many cases, there have certainly been essential advancements for the society through animal studies. However, there has been some controversy regarding medical developments and the ethical implications of it, since the way it is carried out can be considered cruel and harmful towards animals. This fact goes against human morals and causes terrible suffering to beings that have the ability to feel pain and stress. Even though animal
For many years animals have been experimented on for the hope of finding cures for many illnesses that plague society. There has been a significant amount of research that shows that many diseases have been cured because of experimenting on animals ( Source B). Out of the population, 17 17 million people are diagnosed with diabetes that is 6.2% of all American ( Source A). "Dogs were crucial to the research that identified the cause of diabetes, which led to the development of insulin" (Source A). Dogs have also contributed to the research and development of open heart surgery.