Canada is a culturally and ethnically diverse nation. Since the early British and French settlers, it has always been a land of immigrants. In the 20th century, the profile of immigrants began to change from mostly European to a wide variety of nations such as South Asia, South East Asia and Arab nations. Multiculturalism has long been an official policy in Canada, first introduced in the early 1970s. Nevertheless, it is often a controversial and debated issue.
Over the years there have been many world events and factors that have made Canada what she is today. There are many ways and things that uniquely identify Canada from other countries. Canada is considered a stable country, with her democratic government, prominent natural resources and trustworthy personality. Canada’s growth and acceptance of immigrants, celebrations of multi-cultural events and her own “homemade” attributes make her special and diverse. Canada is also known to be a just country because of our actions regarding Aboriginal people, Women rights and Japanese Canadians during WWII.
When you look around yourself, you can see the progress Canada has made through its great diversity in population. It is evident that most of us belong to a minority, whether it be through race, sexuality, or ability. Approximately 6.3 million Canadians are identified as members of a visible minority group, according to Statistics Canada. This is one piece of evidence that proves the theme of minority groups is a valuable consideration for Expo 17’. As visitors from all over the world come to Expo 17’, it is important to prove that Canada is a diverse and accepting country.
Title Canadian history has had a rich tradition of witnessing emigrates arriving to Canada to explore a new way of life and to maintain their cultural identity. Currently the mass emigration of Syrian Muslims continues this legacy that was started in the late 18th century. One of the great mass migrations that Canada witnessed was during the late 18th century, when Catholic Scottish Highlanders emigrated to Prince Edward Island. These Scottish Highlanders left their ancestral highland homes out of desperation, fear of cultural elimination by the English and for new opportunities to maintain their cultural identity. But why did the Scots believe emigrating could solve the elimination of their heritage?
n the twentieth century the Government of Canada decided to increase the number of immigrants coming into Canada, this step was taken to include individuals from countries where English was not the first language. The immigration policy led to an inflow of immigrants from all over the world. Now Canada welcomes between 240,000 to 265,000 people each year (Government of Canada, n.d.). An immigrant is a person who moves from their home country to another country for permanent residency (Merriam Webster, n.d.). The highest number of immigrants come from the Philippines (Government of Canada, n.d.).
How did the Federal Government Treat Aboriginal Peoples in the 19th Century? In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, the Aboriginal Peoples in Canada were poorly mistreated and abused by the Canadian Federal Government. Children as young as four years old and as old as sixteen was taken away from their homes and families to put through years of abuse and neglect due to the Residential School System. Hundreds of thousands of aboriginal youth and children were forced to live a lifestyle that was said to kill the Indian in the child (CBC, 2011).
In conclusion, it can be stated that multiculturalism works better in theory than in practice. Although I may agree with Kymlicka that multiculturalism is a wonderful rhetorical question to send out to the Canadian population, I think his explanations are rather shallow as he fails to acknowledge the disadvantages and problems of multiculturalism. Canada may describe itself as multicultural, but there is a lot of work that must be done before it can be described as intercultural. For the moment, it is not clear what multicultural policy is and how it may or may not be related to diversity and oppositional cultures. Baron’s article is more in line with interculturalism which takes for granted the centrality of Canadian culture, but then works
Colonialism has been a huge factor that has and will attempt to make aboriginal people conform to new cultural norms. Residential schools have been the most well-known way as to how colonialism affected these people. What society is not aware of is the cruelty of hospitalization of aboriginals, where unethical procedures took place using them as subjects without consent. As Dr Geddes stated during his lecture, the Canadian health care system has racism embedded in it. Stripping indigenous people of the proper health care which they have the right to receive, but kept from due to their racial status.
There has long been significant historiographical and popular controversy about the conditions experienced by students in the residential schools. While day schools for First Nations, Metis and Inuit children always far outnumbered residential schools, a new consensus emerged in the early 21st century that the latter schools did significant harm to Aboriginal children who attended them by removing them from their families, depriving them of their ancestral languages, through sterilization, and by exposing many of them to physicalleading to sexual abuse by staff members, and other students, andenfranchising them forcibly.
Residential schools were government sponsored Religious schools for the Aboriginal community. Assimilation is the process by which a person or a group's language and/or culture come to resemble those of another group. The residential schools were made to assimilate the Natives to live within Canada in peace with society. The residential Schools were closed in 1996 with the last school in Saskatchewan. This was due because the schools were close due to expense and teachers preferred working at public schools.