History has only proven that the insufficiency of equality as individuals brings hostility between people. For example, the discrimination that people of color had suffered due to the rules and restrictions that were imposed to them. Even though, they were American born citizens, the government was not treating them as equal. Therefore, they started to fight for their rights; most of their manifests were non-violent but due to the discernment from the opposite side some of those protests ended up in riots. Dr. Martin Luther king Jr. even describes their frustrations on a letter that he wrote to his oppose white fellow.
Anderson begins the monograph with discussion of the postwar South and how they were hostile to the idea of black schooling. Postwar South was not accepting of the idea of black schooling. Planters saw the former slaves fight for education as a threat to their rule as well as the social hierarchy. Planters resisted in various ways but one way Anderson mentions is how Virginia planters threatened black families of eviction if they sent their children to school (1988, p. 23). Those for schooling argued what a benefit to planters by mentioning that this would affect the agricultural trade and create more productive laborers (1988, p. 82).
As a black man John saw the contempt white people had towards African Americans, and just the overall condescending attitude emanated from these people. The civil rights movement was a way for black people to combat that attitude. John included it in his story to support his newfound respect and empathy for the black race, as the newly demanded respect for them was
In a single but powerful phrase he states, "segregation now, segregation tomorrow and segregation forever.”1 The words in his speech and its delivery are synchronized to convey hatred, throughout the speech, Wallace is shown shaking his fist to round up rallying cries of support. While a governor is supposed to oversee the common welfare of its people, Wallace’s demeaning message expresses that African Americans are less worthy of respect, which unfortunately reflects the opinions of many white southerners during this time. Many white southerners viewed African Americans demands for racial equality as a threat to their social, economic, and political order. It consequently led to white southerners to view George Wallace as an answer to end their fears. In an audio diary, James Poe Jr., a former student civil right activist recalls that violence immediately followed Wallace’s speech.
Martin Luther King preaches in his speech about the wronging ways they have been treated for so long and what he “dreams” will happen in the time to come. From his speech, he states, “Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked ‘insufficient funds.’” King is referring to the "unalienable Rights" of "Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness” from the Constitution and Declaration of Independence about how they are not being treated as these two documents proclaim that every man should be. While Atticus states, “some Negroes lie, some Negroes are immoral, some Negro men are not to be trusted around women—black or white. But this is a truth that applies to the human race and to no particular race of men. There is not a person in this courtroom who has never told a lie, who has never done an immoral thing, and there is no man living who has never looked upon a woman without desire."
In light of the sorry history of discrimination and its devastating impact on the lives of Negroes, bringing the Negro into the mainstream of American life should be a state interest of the highest order. To fail to do so is to ensure that America will forever remain a divided society" (“The man who turned racism into history THE LAW’If white supremacy has subsided in the United States, it’s largely due to Thurgood Marshall of the Supreme Court.”, par 10). African Americans were mistreated, viewed as lower class, and were not equal in the eyes of the people or the law. Although the law changed, people were not as quick to the change, so African American were continually mistreated until others stood up for them and put their feet down just like Thurgood Marshall did in order to let African Americans gain equality. Marshall was a strong believer in the law and that things can and would change for the better like how he suggested "The Negro who was once enslaved by law
In the 1800’s, African Americans were affected by the Jim Crow Laws in the South because of the discrimination. The Jim Crow Laws were a set of strict rules preventing blacks from having the same privileges as whites. These laws affected blacks and treated them differently because of the color of their skin. From having different ways of transportation for African Americans, to not letting them use the same restroom, the Jim Crow Laws had a tremendous impact across America. Throughout my research, I learned how the blacks were affected after the Jim Crow Laws were passed.
After the civil war, the Confederates were angry with their loss. The southern defeat caused tension between the white and black race. The reunification caused some white americans to act violently towards the black race, The American Journey explains that white americans “saw African Americans as adversaries
slaves wherever they were, this new change brought great difficulty to the Southern black population. The Purpose of the Reconstruction Era was to create a society where blacks and whites could co-exist with slavery. Blacks did not know how to be free and whites did not know how to have freed slaves around them. The south saw the Reconstruction Plan as a humiliating, even vengeful imposition and did not welcome it. After the war, many teachers from the south and north worked to educate the newly emancipated population.
It was a workshop, teaching supporters of the cause how to suffer abuse without retaliating. Then was the last step, direct action, in the form of protests. King knew that as they protested for equality adversaries of the cause would do anything to try to stop the protests, actions would include hurting the protesters, however, King stressed the importance of not fighting back, and if they fought back, the problem would only escalate. Leaders would use those acts of violence as proof saying African Americans did not deserve equality on the basis that they were dangerous. It would push their campaign back decades.
The assassination of Malcolm x was unjust because he was a activist of black rights, and an influential leader. However some believe that he was a violent man ,who encouraged physical retaliation . Malcolm x was born March , 19 1925 . During that time (early 1900s) blacks were treated like low lives and were given little to no respect by whites. This consequently created a genuine hate in his heart.
The Scottsboro Boys Case and To Kill a Mockingbird were cases of the injustice of black men. Harper Lee was trying to point out that a person 's skin color or race does not justify the actions they done, that anyone who practices prejudice is foolish. That prejudice is an actual reality that a person experiences first hand and hurts others in the process. Like Harper Lee with her father being a lawyer she must’ve experienced it first hand. These stories teach us that you shouldn’t judge a person by their race.
Another effect that the Great Flood had was a political and social effect. This was caused because of how the African Americans were treated in the relief efforts after the flood. In the aftermath, authorities were all rigorously chastised for favoring the white population over the black in the rescue and relief efforts. Thousand of African American plantation workers were forced to work in atrocious conditions. As the waters rose, they were left stranded without food or water while white women and children were toted away to safety.
I agree with James Baldwin’s argument, because like me, he sees sit in protest as something that shouldn’t be labeled passive, but something that should be seen as an act of bravery he explains this by saying: “I don’t agree that it is necessarily passive. I think it demands a tremendous amount of power, both in one’s personal life and in terms of political or polemical activity, sometimes to sit down and do nothing-or seem to do nothing” (Baldwin). The sit in movement as I see were black taking action and demanding what they want in a country that has oppressed them for hundreds of years. An example of the power of the sit in movement is The Greensboro Protest of 1960 when four students from black Agricultural and Technical College of North
The assassination of Malcolm X was unjustified because he was an influential civil rights activist that helped African Americans in their journey to equality; however, rival Black Muslims believed that he was uncontrollable so there needed to be a way to stop him. Even though some people thought that Malcolm X was an “uncompromising” leader, he was a very vital participant in the civil rights movement. He didn’t follow the nonviolent movement. “Instead of nonviolence in the face of anti-black attacks, he called for self-defense” (Ali, para.3). This supports his famous quote “by any means necessary”.