Udari Munasinghe When you hear the words Australian identity, what images instantly pop up in your head? Is it the diversity, the landscape, the mate-ship, the beaches or perhaps it’s the stereotypical aussis’? Personally, I believe the Australian identity is what each individual interprets and envisions Australia to be. The Australian identity is really what you love about Australia! One way we can express ourselves and the love we have for our country, is of course by, you guessed it, poetry! Poetry is not just any literature, in fact, poetry is a whole other world, a world that connects people in whole new level. Poetry’s art, it’s passion, it’s power. Australian poetry seeks to tell stories and truths, marked by diversity, emotion, and interest in landscape, with the effect of visual power. These elements that make up such patriotic poems can be seen through
The Darwin bombings had a major and lasting effect on the Australian citizens, during World War 2. The Japanese attacked Darwin On February 19, 1942; Darwin was attacked by two Japanese air raids. None other than Mitsuo Fuchida orchestrated them; the commander who had 10 weeks earlier bombed Pearl Harbour. Overall, the attacks cost around 250 people their lives and injured between 300 and 400 military personnel and civilians.
Peter Weir’s Gallipoli is based on the historical events from World War One in 1915, in Gallipoli. World War One started on the 28th of July 1914 and continued until the 11 of November 1918, the movie is set in 1915 from about the start of the year until 7th of August 1915 when the Battle of the Nek took place. This essay will discuss the accuracies and inaccuracies of the film Gallipoli compared to the events of World War One in 1915. The accuracies and inaccuracies of how the war started and who started World War One will be examined along with life in the trenches and the Australian attitudes to the war and the propaganda.
The issue of not changing Australia day can be very sensitive to indigenous people The date suggestion of moving Australia day to another date is 1st of January, 25th of April (Anzac day) or the 1st of September (wattle day). The solution that Smith proposed was January 26th is a date that’s orientated towards when we gained our independence from British rule or perhaps a date bases on when Mathew Flinders when he first used the word ‘Australia’. The intended audience of this article is everyday Australian multi-cultural Australians. Smith focuses most of his attention trying to persuade people to change 26th of January (Australia day) to change it to First Fleet Day instead. In this article the truth is January 26 should be first fleet day, not Australia day by Smith in the
Australia’s experiences of World War II were significant for Australia and impacted on the shaping of our national identity. Australia 's response to entry into World War II in 1939 differed from Australia 's entry into World War I in 1914. Reasons for this includes attitudes towards war changing after gaining the knowledge and experiencing consequences of World War I, the conditions and lead up to World War II as well as Australia’s strong support for Britain. Firstly, the attitude of Australians changed due to World War 3I proving that war was not glamourous or exciting like it was assumed. During the lead up to World War II Australians had already struggled to survive through the depression and were now required to survive at war. Finally, by 1939, Australians were questioning the validity to support and defend the 'Mother Country ' at all costs. These are just three of the World War II experiences that helped shape the nation.
Not only the war had a massive effect on the Indigenous in Australia, The war was a huge boom to the Australian economy and as it turned out another massive factor. As many Australian fundamental products were purchased as could be produced, and secondary, subsidiary industries manufactured many ‘modern’ items for the services. Many men and women retired and fled their careers to accompany the armed forces leading to a ‘deficit’ of labour. New commerce and businesses need to have been created to fund the troops with combat weapons, uniforms and ammunition. Scarce goods needed to be controlled by the Australian Government in enhancing better buying and selling and in ensuring that everyone received a fair share. Australians began to experience shortages of almost everything they needed in daily life. At the time of World War II, most of them drank tea, not
This extends to going to war. Shaun Tan and Gary Crew’s ‘Memorial’ represents how the bonds of friendship have led Australians into the most horrific of circumstances. The tree in the book embodies the memories of soldiers of past. It represents three generations of war in which Australia has fought and remembering the fallen comrades that died in battle. The book demonstrates an image of patriotism within Australia. Australian’s are prideful of past endeavours in war and celebrate this twice a year in ANZAC day on the 25th of April and Remembrance Day on the 11th of November. They celebrate this because the war represented the ultimate from the mateship. A prime example of this was the battle of Gallipoli, were the Australian soldiers (diggers)
There were many reasons for the allied victory on the Kokoda Track. One of the major factors contributing to the Allied victory was their superior supply line providing soldiers with essential provisions. An American operation at Guadalcanal diverted Japanese troops away from the Kokoda Track, giving the allies an advantage. The Allies had numerical superiority during the middle to end of the New Guinea campaign allowing them to refresh exhausted troops. Finally the Allies had the assistance of the Papuans who carried supplies and cared for their wounded troops. At the beginning of the campaign the Allies were unsuccessful, however this changed as they began to gain the advantages of supplies, numerical superiority, alternate Pacific battles
Australians fought hand in hand during times of hardship, especially, when they were out-numbered and didn't have enough weaponry. For the past 3 months the control of Kokoda has gone back and forth but with our fighting squad, everyone's sure that this fight was made for us to win. A good example of our brave people is the 39th Battalion as they weren't trained to be overseas fighters but they still went to New Guinea even after they were told to, “bring their tennis
The overall expedition was a failure however courage and endurance of these men created the ANZAC legend. The whole purpose of the Gallipoli campaign was to seize the Dardanelles and open a sea route to Constantinople (now known as Istanbul). By doing so, Britain and their allies would be able to establish a front against their enemies during the First World War. Australia thought that being in Gallipoli, an attack in turkey would shorten the length of the war because turkey would be defeated and Austria- Hungary would be threatened however the Turks were more prepared than was anticipated. The Germans weren’t directly involved in the Gallipoli campaign however they were allies with Turkey and defeated Australia in many of the other campaigns during the First World
World War 1 was a devastating period for Australia and Australian’s alike. It was the costliest conflict that Australia has participated in throughout its history, with casualties, both fatal and non-fatal, one of the largest on a per capita basis of the allied nations. 1917 was an arduous year and has been described as “the worst year of the Great War”. There are many reasons why 1917 was a difficult year for all Australians but also why it was not “the worst year of the Great War”.
Literary nationalism is the late 19th century construction of Australian national identity through fiction. The literary nationalist movement provided Australians with a sense of unity. Australian writers and poets were establishing an Australian identity via their writing. In this essay I will analyse literary nationalism through setting, characterization and society in iconic Australian novels. All the treated topics refer to the image of “the Australian”.
Australian and New Zealand soldiers exemplified the spirit of the Australian diggers during Vietnam by showing bravery, mateship and loyalty. Historians have stated that the battle of Long Tan served as an excellent example of the ANZAC spirit. They showed courage, loyalty, sacrifice, heroism, dedication, honour, integrity, initiative and determination throughout the Vietnam campaign. Mr. Edward Phillips who served in Vietnam as a NASHO, represents the ANZAC legend of bravery courage and loyalty, which is clear in Australia today be it in war, conflict or peacetime.
(d) “Before we can grasp what it means to 'be Australian ' today, it is essential that we understand the interdependence of Indigenous dispossession and colonial possession” (p. 12). Elaborate on Phillip 's statement.