Short Essays Identify and give the significance of Plessy v. Ferguson In 1892, even though slavery has ended but there are still racial discrimination in the society. Homer Plessy sat in the railroad car that for only for “white”. Even though he is not fully black but he has some ancestors from France and Spain, he was consider Creole and has to sit in the area for “colored”. He did not move when he was told too. Therefore, this was taken to court when the Judge John Howard Ferguson ruled him guilty of sitting at the seat in the railroad car. He later took the case to the Supreme court. Plessy argued that this violated the 13th and 14th Amendment, while the Supreme Court Judge argued that this did not go against the 14th Amendment, and that white and colored people are not suppose to be in the public places together. The impact of this court cases led to segregation, which is the idea that of “separate but equal”. For the next couple of years, public places like water fountains, schools, and bathrooms are split between the colored and whites. Summarize and analyze the …show more content…
This also included the slaves that are freed. It does not allow states to take aways a person’s "life, liberty or property, without due process of law”, meaning that a person is still free unless guilty through court. The 14th Amendment actually impacted the court case Plessy vs Ferguson. Plessy argued that because he was guilty for sitting at a seat meant for the white in the railroad car. He is stating that his natural rights are being taken and therefore the judge is violating the 14th Amendment. Even though Plessy took his case to the Supreme Court, he is still guilty. Later, Brown vs. Board of Education court case ruled that with the segregated schools in Kansas, the 14th Amendment is unconstitutional. The 14th Amendment definitely impacted the the white and
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Notаbly absent from the opinion, as it was in Plessy, is any citаtion to a Supreme Court cаse that considered whether the prаctice of segregating schools was a violation of the Fourteenth Аmendment. It was an open question for the Court. The Court аdmitted that the precedent to which it cited involved discriminаtion between whites and blacks rаther thаn other rаces. However, the Court found no аppreciable difference here—"the decision is within the discretion of the state in regulating its public schools, and does not conflict with the Fourteenth Аmendment."
State of Louisiana. His lawyers argued that the East Louisiana Railroad had denied his rights given to him under his 13th and 14th Amendment. The 13th Amendment abolished slavery in all states and the 14th Amendment declared that all persons born or naturalized in the United States are American citizens including African Americans. He fought that according to these Amendments Plessy should be treated as an American citizen, the same as a White man, regardless of his 1/8th of being African American. The name of the Judge in his court case was Ferguson.
Unit One Essay Two landmark cases, one called “Plessy versus Ferguson” the other, “Brown versus Board of Education” changed the world. Around the 1850s, black people were treated as minorities and did not have the same rights as the whites. They had to go to separate schools and sit in different sections on busses or trains.
Plessy v. Ferguson was a supreme court case in 1896 and the decision entrenched legal segregation and it made “separate but equal” the law of the land. Brown v. Board of Education was also a supreme court case in 1954 and it ended legal segregation. Plessy was a black man (great grandmother was black) and Plessy violated Louisiana law by sitting in the white part of the train. Plessy sued based on the 14th Amendment and Equal Protection clause. Brown v. Board was a supreme court case that Brown sued the board of Education because the schools were unequal.
Plessy Against The Court Think of a time when people were separated by the way they looked and the way they were born. During the twentieth century, many African Americans were discriminated because of their race and were separated from others in many ways. Others would determine where they belonged in society by the color of their skin. At this time, state legislatures promoted an act called the “Separate Car-Act” supporting that the 13th and 14th Amendment do not count against transportation separation. A man named Homer Plessy tested how far it takes to change the way the South is controlled.
Allison Krug English II Ms. Cuddihy January 24th, 2015 Plessy vs. Ferguson It might be hard to imagine but in 1896 people who sat in the wrong part of the passenger train were fined and/or jailed. Plessy vs. Ferguson helped pave the way for many anti racial discrimination laws. This Supreme Court decision helped to uphold the Statue of Louisiana acts of 1890, which required passenger trains to provide “separate but equal” accommodations for whites and colored races on its railroads which changed the rights to make separate facilities for both races to be constitutional as long as they were equal. This truly changed the Civil Rights Era forever.
Both court cases, Plessy v. Ferguson and Brown v. Board of Education, showed the power that ordinary people with a dream can hold over an unjust society. First Plessy v. Ferguson challenged Americas separate but equal doctrine but failed to do so successfully, prompting the case Brown v. Board of education which successfully overruled the previous precedent, relating the two cases to one another. The eventual success of the people involved in the cases opened the door for substantial changes in American
During the mid-to-late-1900s, there was a lot of controversy surrounding race. Although slavery had been abolished around a century ago, many people still did not treat African Americans as equals. Even the supreme court had declared that white people and black people should remain “separate but equal”, in their landmark case Plessy Vs Ferguson (“Separate but Equal - Separate Is Not Equal.”, n.d.). The “separate but equal” doctrine meant that African Americans were to be given separate facilities and opportunities from white people, given that they were equal to each other.
Ferguson. Plessy v. Ferguson is known as the case that put Jim Crow laws on the map and with is an era of discrimination and segregation in the United States. The case was brought to the Supreme Court in 1896, Mr.Plessy was a man from Louisiana who went on a train and took an empty seat where white people were normally accommodated , the interesting tidbit was that the rail line had no policy of distinguishing passengers based off of race or ethnicity. However a conductor of the train went up to Mr. Plessy and told him to move with the threat of ejection and or imprisonment. After refusing to move from his seat he was arrested and was taken to court to talk of issues regarding racial mixing
Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 US 537 (1896), a case regarding constitutional law of the US Supreme Court, that was upheld on a seven to one vote. Homer Plessy (1862-1925), an African American passenger on a train, sat in the whites-only train and declined when told to sit in the Jim Crow car, this action broke Louisiana law, The Separate Car Act. Judge John H. Ferguson (1838-1915) of the Criminal Court of New Orleans, the defendant, upheld the law, which was being challenged by the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendment. Ferguson was an American Louisiana judge and lawyer who served in many cases, but is most known for Plessy v. Ferguson.
Legal Opinion of Overturning Plessy v Ferguson Sentence By: Estephanos Bekele Homer Plessy was an innocent man living in the state of Louisiana. He was a Creole, meaning that he was 7/8th white and only 1/8th black. Nevertheless, in the eyes of the law, he was considered African American. The SAA was the Separate Accommodations Act, created in 1890, for the state of Louisiana, was meant to force the blacks to sit in the back of trains, while whites were allowed to sit in the front of vehicles (Wikipedia Contributors).
Beginning with different train cars to separate race, Homer Plessy sat in a car that was for whites only. He was challenged and harassed by the conductor, then later arrested for breaking the law. The majority vote was that they could not put the races together. It wasn 't until later that the segregation under state law was ended, but the judgment wasn 't an immediate response for Plessy.
In 1890, the state of Louisiana created an ordinance that required that railroads “provide equal but separate accommodations for the white and colored races” (Course Reader 17). One African American, Homer Plessy, tested out the new law by sitting in a “whites only” portion of a train, and was promptly arrested. This spawned the now infamous Plessy v. Ferguson case. The decision that the Supreme Court held was that the state of Louisiana did not violate the 14th Amendment by establishing and enforcing a policy of racial segregation in its railway. The rationale behind this decision was that this separation will help the two races to come together on their own terms to reach social quality, rather than relying on legislation and the government.
Supreme Court Decisions Setting Precedent Discrimination may not seen as big a problem today, but people had to fight for that problem, and court cases set precedents for today. The case of Plessy versus Ferguson and Brown versus Board of Education helped change the way we view discrimination today. The case of Plessy versus Ferguson decided that segregation was legal as long as everything was equal. But on the other hand, Brown versus Board of Education included separate but equal schools made African-American children feel inferior to the white children. 1896, Supreme Court heard the Plessy versus Ferguson case.
Plesssy v. Ferguson, Brown v. Board of education both dealt with one of America 's biggest problems segregation. Plessy v. Ferguson and Brown v. Board of Education both delt with segregation, Plessy v. Ferguson was on the Louisiana rail road act, Brown v. Board of Education was on the separate but equal clause, and they were both related. In Plessy v. Ferguson was a dispute between on Louisiana rail road act which made it illegal for whites and blacks to sit together in a rail car. Homer Plessy was a man who severed as the vice president for the Justice, Protective, Educational and Social Club in New Orleans.