The Genocide: Trail of Tears/ The Indian removal act During the 1830s the united states congress and president Andrew Jackson created and passed the “Indian removal act”. Which allowed Jackson to forcibly remove the Indians from their native lands in the southeastern states, such as Florida and Mississippi, and send them to specific “Indian reservations” across the Mississippi river, so the whites could take over their land. From 1830-1839 the five civilized tribes (The Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, and Chickasaw) were forced, sometimes by gun point, to march about 1,000 miles to what is present day Oklahoma.
The Trail of Tears is undoubtedly one of the most inhumane events in U.S history. It all started with the Indian removal act enforced by President Andrew Jackson. The U.S military were ordered to forcefully evict many innocent people and have them walk extremely long distances during excruciating weather. Many Indians dropped dead in the midst of the trail causing grief for the Indians hence, its name Trail of Tears. The Trail of Tears was an abomination for the U.S due to the fact that this act was unconstitutional,caused mass genocide, and the land had originally belonged to the natives.
When the indians were being removed to the west over 4,000 cherokees died. These indians died because the U.S wanted more land which was not right because they were here first. This was called “The Trail of Tears”. On May 28 1830 two years later after Andrew Jackson was elected as the president, he signed the Removal Act. Before the Cherokees left their land they refused.
Andrew Jackson, John Marshall, and The Trail of Tears There have been many dark times in our History as Americans. Among them is the Trail of Tears,brought upon by Andrew Jackson, which exiled the Indians from the American south and resulted in the death of thousands on the way to Oklahoma. Before this trying time there was speculation within the supreme court whether to treat the Native tribes as a sovereign foreign nation or as a dependent entity within the United States. I will discuss how these decisions came to be, the reactions to said decisions, and the aftermath of these rulings which inevitably leads to the Trail of Tears.
in earlier treaties , it was proclaimed that the indians were under the protection of the united states however jackson still tried to take the lands by encouraging congress to establish the removal act. if there was an agreement with the removal act , the native americans would give up all their land and the government would help them financially to move and would still be under the protection of the united states. the cherokee resisted the removal act and decided to settle it in court. chief justice marshall ruled in favor of the cherokee tribe however it did not stop jackson. jackson eventually obtained the cherokee chiefs signature which led to the trail of tears as shown in document g. the trial of tears led to the death of many native americans.
The trail of tears was a tretrous journey that the native Americans took. Because the Americans would promise land, then take it back. First off it was approximately one thousand miles. The five different tribes were the Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, and finally the Creek. They traveled from deep in the south to present day Oklahoma.
The Cherokee were forced to move so quickly that they had no time to get any of their belongings. This led to many Native Americans dying because of hunger, cold and disease. Exactly 4,000 people died, and this could have been avoided if
The Cherokee took the Georgian government to court over their land rights. It eventually escalated to Supreme Court, which ruled in favor of the Cherokee keeping their land. However, the president, Andrew Jackson was used the power given to him in the Indian Removal Act to reject the Supreme Court’s ruling and kick the Cherokee off anyway. Much later in 1838, the Cherokee were forced to walk 1,200 miles from their land all the way to Oklahoma,in what is now called the Trail of Tears. It was full of horrible violations of basic human rights, such as being granted no place to sleep and were deprived of rest during the frigid winter.
The Trail of Tears and the Cherokee and Indian Removal Acts were some of the darkest times in American history. This was a period where thousands of Native Americans were taken from their homes and were forced to move West. These events were fueled by greed and prejudice from both the United States government and its citizens. People who had political power used their authority to harm the Natives and the common folk could do nothing to help. By the end, the Native Americans endured some of the most appalling treatments imaginable.
President Jackson instated the Indian Removal Act. removed thousands of Native American families, specifically Cherokees, from their homes in the Carolinas and Georgia so that white families could move into their land because the population was expanding and there was not enough room for everyone. The Native American people were forced to walk from their homes to a new area in present day Oklahoma. The Native Americans made this walk during the fall and winter of 1830 which became known as “the trail of tears”. This was a brutal journey to Oklahoma, which many diseases spread and many people died of illness, exhaustion, starvation, and cold.
Leslie Price History final 1. What was the Trail of Tears? What impact did it have on American expansion? The trail of tears was the result of the 1830 Indian removal act.
The Trail of Tears event of the removal of the Indians happened in 1838. “At the beginning of the 1830s, nearly 125,000 Native Americans lived on millions of acres of land in Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina and Florida–land their ancestors had occupied and cultivated for generations. ”(History.com Staff). In this event, the Cherokee community of Native Americans was forced by the US government to move from their native home in the Southern part of the contemporary America to what is known as the Indian territories in Oklahoma. Arguments over land, restrictions, and laws were common amongst the Indians and settlers/whites.
The trail of Tears was an unethical decision implemented by the government of the United State. The President Jackson used force to push the native American out of their lands. According to www.ushistory.gov, << Over 20,000 Cherokees were forced to march westward along the Trail of Tears. About a quarter of them died along the way>>.