The War Measures Act was declared for the third time in Canadian history (but for the first time for domestic use in the country) for the October Crisis in 1970. The terrorist group Front de Libération du Québec (FLQ) kidnapped the British trade commissioner James Cross and The Quebec Labour Minister, Pierre Laporte and the group also murdered Pierre Laporte. This crisis shocked everyone and it led to the command of the War Measures Act. Pierre Trudeau’s decision to pass the War Measures Act was a very necessary and a strong step due to the acts of terrorism. I agree that his decision was right and the act was justified because of three reasons which are that the act dealt with the greatest terrorist attack in Canadian history, the majority …show more content…
The FLQ group wanted Quebec to have its own freedom and they gave the country this message in a violent manner by kidnapping and murdering government officials. They demanded the release of 23 political prisoners being held for bombings and terrorist activities. The terrorist group demanded transportation to Cuba or Algeria, five hundred thousand dollars in gold bars and publication of the FLQ manifesto (statement of beliefs) (Cruxton, Wilson 368). The group kidnapped James Cross, the government had 48 hours to accept their demands or James Cross would be killed. The government refused to follow the demands and the FLQ group kidnapped Pierre Laporte, the Deputy Premier and Minister of Labour of the province of Quebec. The government began to take the crisis very seriously and then the War Measures Act was proclaimed by Pierre Trudeau. People began to share their opinions and they created a lot of chaos because not all opinions were the same. A lot of people thought that Pierre Trudeau's decision of declaring the War Measure Act was justified, but many people thought that a big action like that was not necessary at all. It divided the English speaking Canadians and the French speaking Canadians once again. During the crisis the English speaking Canadians were terrified by these terrorists while some of the French population supported the actions that the FLQ took. I believe that Pierre …show more content…
There were many severe terms of the War Measures Act, but Trudeau didn’t use any of the difficult ones and he handled the crisis very well which to he received many compliments for. He began to realize that his decision is appropriate because he knew that kidnappings were the start of a plan to overthrow the government (Cruxton, Wilson 369). When a reporter asked Trudeau “how far will the government go”, Trudeau replied by saying “just watch me”. Trudeau’s son Justin Trudeau also used this famous quote. The act gave a lot of power to the police and they arrested a total of four hundred and sixty-five people. The War Measures Act gave the Canadian government a lot of power to quickly and productively make useful decisions and to take all actions that are necessary to make everyone feel safe. The public was scared because they weren't used to seeing the army with such strong force and power. But everyone was relieved to know that the country was ready to take any action that would result in a safe and peaceful environment. The people were feeling very proud because their government had the capability and power to put down a violent separatist group. Trudeau made a capable move even though it was severe, and he was a strong man and he knew what was right for his country. Under the War Measures Act the FLQ
Aiden Jajo Mr. Kennedy CHC 2D May 1, 2015 Vimy Ridge: Was the Battle at Vimy Ridge Truly a Turning Point in Canadian History? Neil Armstrong, an American Astronaut, and first person to land on the moon, once said these notorious words, “This is one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.” These words were said as he landed on the moon, and forever changed history. This was a milestone and a turning point in space exploration for both the United States of America, and for Canada as well.
When the Pontiacs war came to an end, the British found that they had to do much more in order to fulfill the needs of the French Canadians. As had been mentioned earlier, there are those Canadians who had close relations with the French at the time that the latter had seceded and left the land in the jurisdiction of the British. In order to satisfy this population, the British came up with the Quebec act of 1774. This document contained among other things, the parts of the French civil law that would remain place. Additionally, the document allowed for the extension of Quebec’s boundaries, which would now extend to the south of the Ohio River.
On July 28th,1914 the First World War and ended on November 11, 1918, what we know now as Remembrance Day. Numerous people died because of countless countries fighting over land. The Battle of Vimy was one of the most important battles that Canada won in four days. Before 1914 Canada did not appear as a proper country, although it got its independence thanks to John A. MacDonald. Britain kept Canada under its feet although we were an independent nation.
The tension between provincial and federal government is a continual struggle for power in Canadian politics. On April 16th, 1981, the highly debated April Accord was signed by the Gang of 8 and proposed to Trudeau as an amending formula for the Constitution. On the surface, it appeared to demonstrate a united front within the provinces in the Gang of 8. However, there is much controversy over whether the accord was an authentic solution to the amending formula or a way to stall negotiations since Trudeau would not approve it. Thus, the April Accord represents the political tension between the Gang of 8 and Prime Minister Trudeau.
Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliot Trudeau was the 15th Prime Minister in Canada. He is recognized for his significant impact on Canadian politics because it brought a refinement to Canada for a better promise. He remains well renowned since he gave English and French language an equal status. He provided Canadians political rights and civil rights for citizens and non-citizens alike that lived in Canada. Also he allowed enhanced multiculturalism in the country.
The thirty-two years between 1759 and 1791 serve to be the most important and defining period in Canadian history. It is during this time when the British conquest of New France occurs, the Quebec Act comes into effect and the first step towards Canadian confederation is taken with the proclamation of the Constitutional Act. It is also during this time when the American Revolution takes place and essentially results in the creation of two countries: the United States of America and Canada. The Revolution triggers the mass exodus of more than 80,000 refugees out of the Thirteen Colonies, half of who migrate primarily into Quebec, the Maritimes and Ontario. The influx of the United Empire Loyalists immediately boosts Canada’s population and forever
Specifically, World War 2 which has changed Canada beyond recognition. The World War two affected the lives of Canadians socially, economically, and politically. World War 2 has affected the lives of Canadians socially. The national autonomy of the nation increased due to the war. The war brought
The outbreak of the ‘October Crisis’ began on October 5th, 1970 when kidnappings of two diplomats were implemented by the notorious Front de libération du Québec (FLQ). This led to the invocation of the War Measures Act (WMA) by Prime Minister (PM) Pierre Trudeau on October 16th, 1970. It marked the first time in Canadian history the WMA was enacted during peacetime and put Trudeau in a unique position. This man who had previously campaigned for the entrenchment of civil rights within Canada’s constitution, had now passed legislation to temporarily remove them.
With the advancement of the economy and settlement due to the formation of the Hudson’s Bay Company to the tedious but substantial process of the creation of Canada’s identity known as the Canadian Confederation, these were just a few events that hugely impacted Canada. However, arguably one of the most influential events in Canada was their mandatory involvement in World War I. With over 600,000 Canadians in the midst of the war, no one could have predicted the disastrous and adverse outcome the four-year long war had on the nation. It was clear that World War I had tremendously impacted Canada politically, economically, and socially. With politics being one of the major catalysts to the start of WWI, there was no doubt that many stances
The way of life for the common man in Canada had changed drastically. It was a major interest on Canada’s side; civilians were using this war to prove their points, thousands died to save their families from shame. Things changed socially as well Canada was an
Justifying the FLQ by enforcing the War Measures Act was not necessary because the basic rights of people were violated in the process, as it gave law enforcement the right to search, seize, and arrest anybody without sound reasoning, doing more harm than good. Yes, the FLQ was unpredictable, dangerous, and uncontrollable, but the situation did not needed to be handled the way it was, as it invaded the privacy of citizens, and took away their basic rights. The Front de Libération du Québec kidnapped two government officials, carried out many bombings, and caused incidents resulting in injuries or even death, showing terrorist-like characteristics, put lots of pressure on Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. He introduced the War Measures Act to
For many years Quebec had fallen behind the rest of the country in their social conditions while they were led by Maurice Duplessis and the Union Nationale as they rejected any progressive ideas and worked to keep Quebec 's focus on the French language, the Catholic Church, and Quebec 's culture. After the death of Duplessis and the election of their new liberal leader Jean Lesage, Quebec started the Quiet Revolution where they began to turn their back on the Catholic Church, change their traditions based on high birth rates and early marriages, question many social standards, and turn their new main focus towards education. This revolution fueled the Nationalist fire that many Quebecois had found when they feared for their culture and language throughout Canada 's history such as the conscription crisis in both World War One and Two, and when Ontario 's
Canada is now known to be a diverse, multicultural, bilingual and inclusive nation largely as a result of his work. Pierre Elliott Trudeau also believed in an equal Canada for all, he is primarily the one to introduce rights and freedoms to the citizens of Canada. While some view Pierre Trudeau as impulsive, for enforcing the War Measures Act, Trudeau enacted this for the protection of Canadian citizens against radical extremist and his actions were more rational than impulsive for the situation that had suddenly occurred. Pierre Trudeau was one of Canada’s greatest Prime Minister’s, who’s impact fundamentally changed the course of the nation by introducing multiculturalism, for introducing the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and for paradoxically upholding democracy by strong action during the October Crisis.
Such as conscription, the Quiet Revolution, and the FLQ crisis. Events leading to the overall Separatism idea and their importance: Conscription (during the times of WW1)- Conscription was one of the first ever disagreements between the Anglophones and Francophones where the Anglophones of Canada for conscription and the Francophones were not. In the end, conscription became known as a failure, leaving the Francophones feeling