William Herschel found Uranus on March 13, 1781. This was a big deal to him and his career. As stated in a document I found “Uranus was important for Herschel because its discovery was a passport to royal patronage, a pension of 200 pounds per annum, and a substantial support for his investigations of the construction of the sidereal heavens”. Herschel used a telescope which no one found would really work and the thought of one working was unimaginable. Some small ones were in use by scientist but Herschel wanted to develop a more powerful one that everyone would know would work better.
His motivation was for people to use his telescope and his work was looking for double stars, and in proving that it worked Herschel found what looked to be a slow moving comet that was later called Uranus on March 13, 1781. He wrote “’Looking at a star in the quartile between Aurigas right foot and the left foot of Castor I discover’d a Comet. It was at the distance of almost 2/3 of my field of view from a small telescope star which followed it and seemed to have the same declination.”’ He then looked again 4 days later and to himself that confirmed it was a …show more content…
There one notice was that the comet had no tail or beard and that it was larger in body then comets. Herschel continued to study what was still yet to be known as Uranus well into April. No one still believed that his new powerful telescope was able to read the measurements correctly. However one man by the name of Nevil Maskelyne was convinced it was either a comet or a new plant. Because of Herschel’s findings people started to ask questions. For example they question his findings because when he first discovered it the comet was moving towards earth and now in June it was slowly moving away from earth. The more Herschel was able to print and spread the news the more foreign scientist started to believe him and were impressed that he noticed such a
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He built his first telescope when he was only 20, using mirrors, lenses, and parts of an old Buick car. He used instructions from a 1925 issue of Popular Astronomy. Through the telescope he made observations of Jupiter and Mars. He sent his drawn renditions of Jupiter and Mars to the Lowell Observatory, hoping to get feedback from professional astronomers. Instead, they offered him a job.
Herschel, an amateur astronomer, was not seeking to discover a new planet. Besides general curiosity, his motivations appear to be money, prestige, and power. He was looking for double stars as a way to measure stellar parallax. He had built his own 7ft reflector telescope which he moved to his house in Bath. There he discovered what would later be called Uranus.
Galileo Galilei It can be argued that there is another innovator or scientist during the Scientific Revolution that was the most revolutionary and impactful, however, Galileo was the most revolutionary and impactful mathematician and astronomer during the Scientific Revolution. This is true because Galileo completely changed the way that humans thought about and saw the world around them by discovering sunspots, the phases of Mars and Venus, the 4 moons that orbited Jupiter, and the principle of inertia. Galileo also proved the legitimacy of the Copernican system of Heliocentrism, which not only had effects in the field of science, but also in other fields, such as trading and how traders navigated the oceans. Therefore, Galileo truly changed
According to document 6, Galileo was an inventor. Even if he didn’t invent the first ever telescope, he invented a very updated version of it. When looking through his invention, he saw that the moon wasn’t smooth and has sunspots which supportted and extened the heliocentric
What was the motivation that led to the discovery? William Herschcel was self-motivated. He discovered Uranus with a telescope that he built himself. One night as he was surveying stars he noticed that some stars seemed different, and after he began to observe it many more times he noticed it orbited the sun. This lead to the discovery of Uranus and two of its moons.
I chose “Astronomy: Discovery of Uranus by William Herschel in 1781” as the topic for my research. I found that William Herschel was many things, including a musician, composer, teacher, and astronomer. William also built his own telescopes to look into the night sky. During one of his searches, he found something odd; it wasn’t a nebulous star or comet, but something different. It turned out to be a planet which he named “Georgium Sidus” or Georges star in honor of George III.
I chose to do my research on “Astronomy: Discovery of Uranus by William Hershcel in 1781.” I used for my research Google Scholar and The David O. McKay Library. I found that William Hershcel was a musician and amateur astronomer. Hershcel was surveying the stars in March 1781, when he saw what appeared to him as a comet. (1) He really had no motivation to be looking at the stars other than he enjoyed the ability to use a reflective telescope to do so.
Musician and astronomer, William Herschel, changed the way we look at the sky in the 1780’s. In 1781, Herschel went on an adventure to construct a telescope with bigger reflecting mirrors than had ever been used before (Hoskin). He made a telescope that was top of the line for that time. He discovered Uranus, which was the first planet to be discovered in a very long time (Upgren). Many people inspired and aided Herschel’s desire to study astronomy.
30.5 (1930): 385-393. Web. Cajori describes the details of Kepler’s researching years, from publishing his first book at the young age of 25, to meeting Tycho Brahe and discovering his laws. Kepler was always enthusiastic and persistent with his work and unlocked many mysteries that even the Greeks and Copernicus could not unravel.
Herschel first believed that Uranus was a comet. This belief was likely due to Uranus’s unique orbit and it appears like a greenish dish through a telescope. Prior to Uranus being discovery Herschel was using his telescope to study heavenly structures and the evolution of celestial bodies. He was looking for intelligent life living on the Sun, moon and planets. It was a common believe at the time that God made intelligent
The Discovery of Uranus by William Hershcel in 1781 One of the main reasons that led astronomer William Herschel, and others that would follow, to increase the power and capabilities of our telescopes was an interest that they had in understanding the construction of the heavens and interstellar objects. I found that another purpose Herschel held in improving the telescope was to isolate as many double stars as he could discover. Herschel made observations based on his curiosities and the curiosities of others that led him to improve the technology that we already had. One very interesting fact was that William Herschel improved the telescope and he did so on the designs and engineering of other scientists that had come before him. He first
William Herschel was the first to notice this odd object and was curious to find out more. This odd object, Uranus, was the first planet in recorded history to be discovered. The discovery of Uranus was just the beginning of William Herschel’s discoveries. He left his work with music and became
William Herschel Discovered Uranus William Herschel was born in 1738 and was known as a musician; he taught, composed, and performed music. However, he became interested in astronomy and began viewing the stars through a telescope that he had borrowed. Later, he began designing his own telescopes which enabled him to view objects at a greater distance. Instead of randomly studying the sky at night, he worked methodically across the entire sky and carefully wrote down his observations.
Galileo, dubbed the “father of modern science,” was a firm believer in the heliocentric model. He wrote a report called, The Starry Messenger, which spoke of his discoveries of Jupiter's four moons, the moon's rough surface, and stars that are invisible to the naked eye. He also wrote Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems “to promote his concerns about the development of sciences” (Ch17 Topics, 24). Galileo explored the topic of the difference of appearances of stars and planets and made many discoveries that seem far beyond his time, most of his controversial hypotheses have since been proven and have shaped modern science today. Nicolaus Copernicus was a polymath responsible for what some call the “Copernicus Revolution.”