In Oklahoma however, drug offenders share about 30 percent of their prison population. Ending the War on Drugs will not end mass incarceration alone. The federal government and a handful of states have successfully reduced their incarcerated populations by reforming their drug policies, and these can also work with other policies as
With the failure of the rehabilitation programs, the United States had to turn to the retribution model of punishment. Also at the turn of the decade into the 80’s, The War on Drugs kick started the epidemic of prison overcrowding, and launched America into a downward plunge of economic and political turmoil. The mandatory minimum sentencing policy that was in place did not help the situation either, giving long incarceration sentences to prisoners who didn’t deserve it. Criminals were given the minimum sentences for crimes, and judges carried them out precisely. Race and poverty were also side contributors that contributed to the bigger picture of the issue.
Since the courts are backlogged and many public defenders and judges being overworked, this causes plea bargaining to be used repeatedly. According to Walker et al. (2018), plea bargaining leaves many people no option but to plea guilty even when this is not their best option. This is due to a multitude of reasons but mainly to receive a lesser charge. For example, a felony and little time in jail may be better than risking multiple felonies and an excessive amount of time in jail.
Thus an assumption can be made that incarceration by itself is a rehabilitative method. While this is true in many ways, going cold turkey off of drugs does nothing to treat their minds, and habits when free. By having these programs available to all prisoners it will allow them to work out their problems
The system is lacking really horribly with incarceration. The reason why reform should happen is because If you give prisoners a certain amount of years and tell that they are assigned to go to a program they would not feel so guilty . This is why the crime rate has increased prisoners are not getting enough time incarcerated. Jail isn’t a vacation it’s a punishment you’re not supposed to make prisoners feel so comfortable that they will still do wrong and end up coming back.
As a myriad of undesirable behavior was becoming codified as illegal, more people were finding themselves incarcerated for very small offenses. Thus more and more people were finding themselves stuck with the identity of a criminal. In light of this undesirable consequence of the legal system, diversions were created in an attempt to break the recidivism cycle. Work camps were used as alternates of incarceration. Deinstitutionalism also led to a slowing of simply building more prisons to house offenders.
It seems that our nation has a difficult challenge; at least, not at this particular moment. The most up to date information disclose that inmates who are in prison for drug-related charges experience the utmost return rates of all criminal offenders. This data conveys that making drug offenses a criminal problem isn’t working for individuals who are caught up in the justice system. Instead, the 50 states need to approach America’s growing drug problem by allocating resources to drug courts or centers that focus on treatment and prevention rather waste taxpayer money on new
Furthermore, even though so many attempts have been made by law-abiding citizens in neighborhoods with high incidence of drug dealing to aid the enforcement of anti-drug laws, the already less ordered and community-oriented neighborhood have made huge obstacles for putting law into effect. Conflict theory argues that social class, power, income, and neighborhood all affect the degree to which a community is tortured by drug epidemic. Economics and politics become the primary causal factors in the spread of drug dealing. Poverty helps to create a market for drug dealing, on the demand side with people attempting to mentally escape from the sad circumstances of their lives, and on the supply side, with drug dealing becoming a source of needed
This affected families because now people who wanted to drink had to do it illegally and many got put in jail if they got caught. It also had an effect on society with the growing numbers of people who were admitted into the alcohol wards of the hospitals. The Nationwide ban on the production and sale of alcohol during the roaring twenties had a profound effect on the manufacturers, distributors, law enforcement and the public. The Eighteenth Amendment indicates no purpose to confiscate liquors that are lawfully owned. The Amendment is operative throughout all tutorials limits (Decisions of U.S. 4).
Another reason for the mass incarceration is due to private prisons. The privatization of prison can be the driving force behind why so many American are in prison .no -one wants to go to jail but as a society that does not believe in dealing with delinquents, we tends to believe in the phrase “out of state out of mind.” So society problem seems solved when their perpetrators are out of sight. Mass incarceration has become a business and like every business it’s about profits and the bottom-line; as such, correction is no longer the goal it becomes about maintaining an inventory with humans being its capital.
America's prisons are overpopulated and the population is growing each year with increased drug activities. Low level drug offenders, comprised of 39 percent of the overall prison population. In the article " Department of Justice low-level drug offenders: a defense perspective" defines low-level drug offender as one who has been convicted drug trafficking offense but has no prior commitment, history of violence, known involvement of sophisticated criminal activity, significant "public risk factor," and pending detainer (Katz 28) . This group isn't hardened criminals and don't live a life of crime; rather they are motivated by profit. They are less likely to return to prison when compared to hardened criminals.
Does it make sense to lock up 2.4 million people on any given day, giving the U.S the highest incarceration rate in the world. More people are going to jail, this implies that people are taken to prison everyday for many facilities and many go for no reason. People go to jail and get treated the worst way as possible. This is a reason why the prison system needs to be changed. Inmates need to be treated better.