Although, many kids feel like they have to be a part of it but there are many resources out in this world to prevent them from believing so. Gang violence has been a problem in society for several of years and is a growing problem each and every day. The youth that is involved in gang violence will have numerous effects upon them that will come soon or later when associated with a group of thugs. Children and teenagers if they still go to school when accompanying a gang, they face the heightened risk of dropping out of school; teen parenthood; be victimized by another gang ; abuse drugs and alcohol; commit petty and violent
As claimed by Gardner (1992, p. 83) “Gangs came into existence and flourish because the needs of the young people in a neighbourhood or culture or family are not being met. The Gang, in essence, fills the void.” In today’s society there are a variety of different types of gangs which have affected the society on different ways. Street gangs, according to Klein (as cited in Carlie, 2002) are a “semi structured groups of adolescents and young adults who engage in felonious and criminal behavior.” This kind of Gang is very popular in the United States and is responsible for illegal selling of drugs and also turf wars which have heightened murder rates in many cities and communities. Many have pondered why individuals join street gangs and participate
For most people their role model is usually their parents, a fatherly figure in the family depicts what a child must do and not do. Juveniles are attracted to gangs sometimes because of their parents as they are absolutely irresponsible in raising their child and committing the very same misdeeds that we discourage a child to do. "Many youths are attracted to gangs because they come from broken families, usually families in which the father is absent." (Barbour & Sadler, 1997, p.119) These instances lead youths astray and encourage them to join gangs which in turn, lead to violence and other sorts of misconduct that are performed by these teenage groups. Juveniles nowadays have easy access to guns and other weapons that inflict damage upon an individual, and most of these weapons are kept at home.
Now the question that was left behind is why did gangs turn violent and the most accurate/common answer is the impact of poverty and lack of resources, you might still be asking what that has to do with violence well since members were in lack of money they began to sell drugs doing drive-by shootings, and breaking into homes. The second most common reason is they are in lack of resources. In most cases gang members come from families that either were gang affiliated themselves when they were younger and want their kids to follow in the same footsteps or families where parents are non-responsive and also have drugs around them some of the time, and when they join a gang they get a sense of belonging to something important/ belonging to family because although they sell drugs or do what they do they show love.
Aker states in his theory that relationships with people increases learning. (Michener, 2013) In order for organized criminals to not get caught, it is important that they form relationships with other people. An example would be the corruption that Frederick Martens witnessed in the Paterson Police Department. The police department and the Genovese crime family formed a relationship that turned out bad in the end. In his interview, Martens also recalled how some of the kids he knew while growing up had family members that were involved in organized crime.
School shooting as the reading says, is a big issue in the U.S. I agree that all the exposure of violence on the media is one of the cause of violence in young people. I agree with rehabilitation for juveniles. If we treat people when they are young, they’re more likely to not commit crimes in the future. I disagree when the reading says that social class may influence in people violence acts because Harris was a middle class was involved in school shooting.
Several law enforcement agencies have gone through expensive litigation over civil rights concerns. Police-citizen relations in those communities have been strained, making policing more challenging. Most importantly, racial profiling is unlikely to be an effective policing strategy as criminals can simply shift their activities outside the profile (e.g., if racial profiling begins with police stopping black males in their teens and twenties for being drug carriers, criminals may start using other demographic groups — such as Hispanics, children or the elderly — to move drugs). Despite training to avoid discrimination, officers may still rely on cultural stereotypes and act on their perceptions of a person 's characteristics (such as age, race or gender)” (National Institute of Justice, 2013). Either way, there must be adequate training to prevent certain actions from occurring by the police.
Gangs are basically a family if you really think about it. Others would join because they need protection. They probably got themselves into something not good and need someone to protect them and/or their families. It’s easy to join a gang but not as easy to leave one if you just wanted to join it for protection. Also, these kids come from at the bottom of society.
One reason is their inexperience and youth. A lot of times being young and having a lack of experience can lead teenagers into dangerous and often criminal situations, such as joining gangs, taking or dealing drugs and drinking. A teen 's discretion isn 't as fully developed as that of an adult. Also, many teenagers lack positive role models in their lives. If a teenager is part of a family that is either setting a bad example (by engaging in criminal activity themselves) or entirely absent, they have no one to show them the correct path in life.
Social impacts on the homeless person tend to be issues such as a lack of friends and family support, isolation from the local community due to the stigma attached to homelessness and a deterioration in morals, as they are more likely to be exploited by criminals. A report into youth homelessness (Crisis, 2012) states that 34% of youth homeless, ages 18-25, have committed a minor crime such as shop lifting in the hope of spending a night in police custody. A further 17% had skipped bail or committed a serious crime to receive a prison sentence to get them off the streets for a while. It also reported that 11% of females had engaged in an unwanted sexual encounter to spend a night inside in a bed. This is worrying as it is showing that homeless people are not just resorting to crime to maintain basic needs such as shoplifting food, but they are also engaging in crime and risky behaviour to have a night in a bed.