Religion, culture, beliefs, and ethnic customs can influence how patients understand health concepts, how they take care of their health, and how they make decisions related to their health (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 2015). As a nurse, it is important to understand that not every patient shares the same healthcare beliefs. A nurse must be able to perform his or her duties without judgement and care for each patient with respect for their own unique set of beliefs and morals. In this paper, the Puerto Rican culture will be discussed, from family units to religious and cultural beliefs, as well as how Western Medicine fits into their healthcare.
In a recent study, 61% of Puerto Rican voters were in favor of being recognized as an independent nation. Even though they are legal United State citizens, they have absolutely no voting rights, no federal medicare/medicaid rights, and no federal tax return rights. For this reason it is not right for Puerto Ricans to be looked at as imperfect citizens. In addition Puerto Rico has a member in Congress, and has completely no voting rights but is only there to express opinions. As of now the United States can deny access to Puerto Rico from any national law they choose because they are not a state. However they can reject laws that they do not agree with even though they are not a state.
In recent years, the United States of America has considered the idea of Puerto Rico becoming a state. Currently Puerto Rican inhabitants are U.S. citizens. However, they do not pay federal income tax or have the right to vote. With the growing debate regarding statehood, many benefits for Puerto Rico and for the United States of America are evident.
However, the legal opinions known as the Insular Cases plagued Puerto Rican immigrants. These cases argued that Puerto Rico was full of “alien races”. This meant that Puerto Rican Immigrants would not be covered by the United States constitution. America treated Puerto Ricans unfairly by not allowing them to have passports or any legal standing in the United States until 1917. In 1917 Puerto Ricans became United States citizens under the Jones-Shafroth act. The only reason this occurred was because World War I was beginning. The U.S. government needed troops to send down to defend the Panama Canal and they felt that whites weren’t suited to fight in tropical climates. Instead they labeled puerto rican citizens as “immunes” due to them being
It doesn't make any sense and nearly everyone agrees that it is unfair. There were a few solution for this issue on the ballot for election day. Puerto Rico can sue for statehood, become an independently sovereign nation or redefine their status as a "freely associated state", whatever that is, which seems to be what the situation happens to be at this very moment, but sounds a little more independent. Independence is the choice of those puertoricans who despise the United States and want out. Statehood is the choice of those puertoricans who like being citizens and want to participate fully in the nation's affairs. The third thing is a way for those puertoricans who want something different, but do not care about national pride one way or the other and want to keep some ties to the United States for reasons that seem to hinge on economic advantage. It's those money-grubbing few in the middle who are causing all the trouble. The last popular vote showed that things have not changed much in the last 50 years or so. I remember when I was a child that the most popular choice for the future of Puerto Rico was to remain a commonwealth, like not to become a state or an independent nation. They conduct this vote every few years and that is always the been the top choice. Sentiment goes up and down, toward and away from statehood and independence, but roughly half (45% this time) of Puertoricans always seem to want everything to stay the way the have
United States goal for Puerto Rican students was to Americanize their institutions, not only did they want students to learn English they also wanted Puerto Ricans to have the same nutrition as Americans and hygiene as well. United States colonial officials were focused in using the institution of schools to create “tropical Yankees” (Del Moral, 27) United States wanted to create people who supported US colonialism on the island. The creations of tropical Yankees was concentrated more in Puerto Rico schools than in U.S schools as Del Moral discusses “ Colonial school became an important and highly contested site for Americanization in Puerto Rico, where competing agendas and political projects were carried out.”(Del Moral, 27). Most of the
Less than half of Americans know that the people of Puerto Rico are legal citizens of the United States (Venator-Santiago). This predominantly has to do with the gray areas that have been established through contradictory and confusing legislation imposed upon the commonwealth regarding its residents’ status throughout time, hence aiding in the creation of a national identity that’s not trenchantly defined, neither in the eyes of its inhabitants nor of those of the mainland.
The mental health of Cuban residents is on the decline, and the socialist government is only further increasing the growing number of mentally ill Cubans. As a result from socialist attempts to reform and better the economy, the eleven million inhabitants of Cuba struggle to gather basic necessities from day to day. To summarize the difficulties of Cuban residents, “a million Cubans lack proper housing”, “income disparity is increasing . . .[with] the numbers of poor and vulnerable growing”, and “the social welfare has been cut, with seventy percent less people receiving state benefits”(Lima). Consequently,with the decline of Cuban physical health, the mental health of Cubans holds a high risk of also declining. In Lima’s article, she references
Puerto Rico, officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Spanish: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico) (Puerto Rico Statehood Society 1) has been a U.S. neo-colony since 1898 when the island was colonized as a result of the Spanish losing the Spanish-American War. For 118 years Puerto Rico has occupied a peculiar status within the U.S. Political system. The United States has never had an established colonial policy and nearly all acquired territories eventually have been incorporated into statehood. The island remains an "unincorporated territory," belonging to, but not being a part of, the United States. Yet Puerto Rican 's, as people, have been American citizens since 1917. (Meléndez 1)
A new foreign relations controversial topic was brought up earlier this year when President Barack Obama announced “Americans and Cubans alike are ready to move forward. I believe it 's time for Congress to do the same.” He is convinced that it is finally time to tie the diplomatic relations with Cuba in order to strengthen the relationship between both countries. This has recently brought up debates and arguments between a large number of politicians and people all over the world. The modification in the countries ' relations, originally marked by a prisoner exchange and Havana 's release of an imprisoned U.S. contractor, caused some experts to
Puerto Rico is a United States territory that is located in the northeastern Caribbean. “The Indian, Spanish and African races come together on the island of Puerto Rico, contributing their blood and traditions to the formation of the Puerto Rican culture.” Christopher Columbus discovered Puerto Rico in 1493; he had originally named it San Bautista. Puerto Rico is an Island that has beautiful attractions, culture, and demographics.
Jamaica is a beautiful island with beautiful beaches, warm sunshine, delicious food and amazing people. Jamaica gained independence in 1962 from the United Kingdom; the major sectors of Jamaica’s economy include tourism, agriculture, mining, manufacturing, and insurance and financial services. Jamaica is also the home of Usain Bolt, a Jamaican sprinter regarded as the fastest man ever and Bob Marley, a talented reggae singer. Jamaica is a small island with a population of approximately 2.715 million people. While Jamaica’s economic crisis is due to various factors such as substantial reliance on the tourism remittances for foreign exchange, high unemployment, natural disaster, massive public debt, and high interest rate; Jamaica’s massive public debt is the main factors hindering Jamaica’s economic growth. The core focus of this report is to discuss the impact of Jamaica’s massive debt on the economy and how can the citizens of Jamaica help increase economic growth. The three main sources that will be
Misogynist violence is traditional in the island, a conflict in need of immediate attention specifically for jineteras. Crimes of violence against women, particularly rape, sexual assaults are severe against jineteras in Cuba. Discrimination is gender based and it continues to be a conflict for women in the island. Trafficking is common in the island for young and older women, selling, promoting prostitutes to sexual tourism. Snuggling has been known as a major business in Cuba, jineteras are used as sex slaves and sexual tools for certain visitor who travel to the island. Women in Cuba identified as jineteras were not expecting the negative abusive relationships exposure. In its place, they nurture the term associated with jineterismo and
In Haiti the most effective problems that’s been and is still hurting the country is Free Trade. Free trade is the most effective problem because it causes harms to the country. It’s causing harm to the country because most of the people in Haiti are suffering and struggles for a better life but at the same time does not depend upon a future unless these situations changes, all these citizens have is hope. Due to free trade and globalization, harmful situations spread across the country such as poverty, child labor, Inequality, global warming, economic development and health issues. These problems are hurting the people and it’s up to the government and the president to stand up and defend their people but that’s not the case in Haiti. The