In fact, when Mussolini founded the Milan facio in March 1919, it had no clear-cut goals, except for a belief in action and a stated goal of strong foreign policy (Duggan, 2013). However, when Italy was driven from Fiume at the end of 1920, many Italians began to believe that Italy would have to develop strong foreign policy. In 1921, Mussolini formed the National Fascist Party and began to quickly amass power in the Italian government. One of the methods he did so was to tout his
These were the three most important reasons causing the Second World War. Italian fascism in the 1920s, the political takeover in 1933 of Germany by Hitler and his Nazi Party and its aggressive foreign policy, and Japanese militarism and invasions of China in the 1930s. The first cause of World War II was the Italian fascism in the 1920s. Italian Fascism was rooted in Italian nationalism and hoped to restore and expand Italian lands to become more
According to Mr. Kim’s lecture on World War Two, both of these dictators had developed new and advanced war-machinery in order to prepare to gain European ascendancy. Germany and Italy, the two dictator’s home countries, had even allied together to create the Axis powers, Mussolini was able to easily capture Ethiopia, as Ethiopia’s primitive spears were no match against Italian tanks and guns. Although extreme, this was the first conflict in which advanced technology was necessary in order to advance in war. After Hitler grew to power, he began his plans to capture and annex the whole world into the “Third Reich.” After exploiting appeasement too far, Hitler launched a Blitzkrieg, or lightning war against Poland. Thus, Hitler uses his advanced technology to execute his plan on Poland.
World War II also led to more hard times in America, and Roosevelt helped lead America through it. Because WWII came in the midst of the Great Depression, Roosevelt was already busy. In order to contribute to the war effort against the Japanese and growing Nazi forces, Roosevelt helped allied countries by sending relief to places like Britain, which is only miles away the Nazi regime(Lend-Lease Act,2009). This Allied forces combat against the Axis powers until the American could fully commit to joining the war with infantry. Once this commitment happened American troops landed in Europe and helped fight against the enemy, and also contributing to the biggest battle in history, the D-Day Invasion.
One is also left with the impression that the Romans made every attempt to maintain past treaties with Carthage but that the Carthaginians and Hannibal in particular were set on war. This is exactly what Livy intended when writing on the Second Punic War. The problem is that Livy seems to be writing propaganda more than history. His purpose is to thrust the blame for the war solely on Carthage and Hannibal and leave Rome blameless in the eyes of potential readers. Whether or not this was what Livy actually believed is impossible to know for
After the devastating effects that World War I had on the British military and economy, the country favored more cautious strategies over frontal assault ones. Winston Churchill and his military leaders agreed that a peripheral strategy would be best suited to meet their needs for this world war. Their plan included major blockades of German supplies, targeting Germany’s southern allies first (i.e., Italy and North Africa), and allowing safe passage for shipping routes in the Mediterranean Sea (Matloff 684). This would also relieve pressure on the Soviets fighting on the Eastern Front and possibly allow opportunity for a subsequent front in the Balkans (Corrigan 397). Compared to the United States, Great Britain would launch an attack across the English Channel only as a “last blow against a Germany already in process of collapse” (Matloff 684).
Why did Venice leave the Holy League in 1513 to join France? The Holy League, which consisted of the Holy Roman Empire, the Papal States, Spain, Venice, and Milan, had a complicated relationship with the French throughout the late 15th and early 16th centuries (Britannica.com). This complicated relationship began when Ludovico Sforza of Milan, convinced Charles VIII of France to invade Italy. Ludovico was convinced that the current rulers of Naples were very power hungry and they were going to try and take over Milan and/or take over the other neighboring city states. However, when Charles VIII invaded and took control of Naples in 1494, he realized how wealthy and beautiful Naples was and he now wanted to take over the other Italian city-states.
The thirty-second President of the United States, Franklin D. Roosevelt in his speech, Pearl Harbor on December 8, 1941, defines the brutal attacks by the Japanese. Roosevelt's purpose is to persuade Americans to join in the war effort and come together as a country. He adopts a resentful, patriotic tone in order to thoroughly bring attention to the recent attack and the course of action this entails. Roosevelt initiates his speech by describing the attack on Pearl Harbor the previous day and acknowledging the everlasting effect it will put on the country. He appeals to the emotional side of the audience using pathos by announcing that “this is a day that will live in infamy” (1) and that the United States was “suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan” (1-2).
Nationalism is extreme pride in one’s nationality or country and I think this is the most important contributing because each country wants to prove how they are better than one another so they are willing to go through any odds including war. For example in Fascist Germany, Adolf Hitler wanted to rebuild Germany which involved democracies that were weak, he incorporated communism which did not help the Nazis grow, and included the November Criminals who signed a treaty for Jews as being evil. He projected all the problems in Germany were caused by the Jews which started commotion. Benito Mussolini who was a dictator to Italy wanted to bring all glory back to Italy and rebuild the Holy Roman Empire. He suppressed rival parties, muzzled the