In 1830, the Indian Removal Act was signed, forcing the Indians to move west of the Mississippi River. 4,000 of the 15,000 Cherokees died along the trail of tears, meaning over 25% of the Cherokees died. Although they did not want to leave their land, they had to because of President Jackson. The Indians should not have been forced off their land. President Jackson did not treat the Indians fairly, the land belonged to the Indians, and the Indians rights were being violated.
President Jackson did not treat any of the Indians fairly. President Jackson had the Indians move from where they lived to west of the Mississippi River. In President Andrew Jackson’s Message to Congress on December 6,1830, it stated that “Cherokee nation occupies its own territory and no Georgia citizens have the right to enter.” (Worcester) The Cherokee had their territory but it was taken away by Jackson. President Jackson did this because the U.S. was desperate for land. He treated the Cherokee very unfairly to make him happy. Jackson also lied to them. In America History of our Nation, it said “They would be given shelter and more. He lied to them and gave them nothing. This is how the Indians were treated unfairly by Jackson. …show more content…
In President Andrew Jackson’s Message to Congress on December 6,1830, it was said “Cherokee nation occupies its own territory and no Georgia citizens have the right to enter” (Worcester). The Indians had the right to keep their land but president Jackson took their land away. The Indians also had their rights being violated by the government in other ways. In America History of our Nation their rights were also being violated because the government had a law signed forcing the Creeks to give up most of their land (page 357). Their rights were again being violated, showing another reason why the Indian Removal Act should not have been
On July 17, 1830, the Cherokee nation published an appeal to all of the American people. United States government paid little thought to the Native Americans’ previous letters of their concerns. It came to the point where they turned to the everyday people to help them. They were desperate. Their withdrawal of their homeland was being caused by Andrew Jackson signing the Indian Removal Act into law on May 28, 1830.
Dear Mr. Parker, During the 1838 Congress passed a law called the Indian Removal homes from Georgia to Indian Territory. It was a long walk 4,000 thousand of us died from the terrible weather,illness, weakness. After the devastating journey, the Cherokee Indians tried to settle in their new "desert" home. In the new territory, problems developed with the new arrivals, and Cherokees who had already come here.
Andrew Jackson is known for being a major advocate for the superfluous removal of the Native American tribes. Jackson was being oblivious when he decided that he should ignore the treaties signed with the natives. The president was exhibiting selfishness and naïveté by confiscating the lands of the natives, to which they rightfully owned. Jackson had forced the “five civilized tribes,” which were natives who had adopted their neighbor’s ideas. These tribes were forced to make a long and perilous journey to the west of the Mississippi River.
With that, came removing people from the homeland. The Indians had to move away, creating the “Trail of Tears”. Jacksons view on the Indians was not right, and cruel, but oevrall he made our country a very big and happy family. In the article it also stated, “declared that removal would “incalculably strengthen the southwestern frontier.” (President Jackson, December 6, 1830).
The government of early America was not kind to people of any color besides white. The president at the time, Andrew Jackson, had spent many years in the army campaigning, taking Native American land and passing it on to white farmers. In the year 1830 he signed for the Indian Removal Act. This allowed the government to exchange Native American land east of the Mississippi for land in the west called "The Indian Colonization Zone. "
The Genocide: Trail of Tears/ The Indian removal act During the 1830s the united states congress and president Andrew Jackson created and passed the “Indian removal act”. Which allowed Jackson to forcibly remove the Indians from their native lands in the southeastern states, such as Florida and Mississippi, and send them to specific “Indian reservations” across the Mississippi river, so the whites could take over their land. From 1830-1839 the five civilized tribes (The Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, and Chickasaw) were forced, sometimes by gun point, to march about 1,000 miles to what is present day Oklahoma.
The president during the enforcement of the Indian removal act, Andrew Jackson, thought that the indigenous people were less civilized and moral than the settlers, although many of the tribes had adapted to the European lifestyle. He did not believe that the more “civilized” people should live alongside the indigenous people. When congress passed the Indian removal act in 1830 that stated that it was legal to force indigenous people off of their land, he fully enforced it, pushing tribes west. When there was an auction of Cherokee land, he claimed he couldn 't do anything to stop it, but he didn 't truly want to. The indigenous people wanted to coexist in peace, as Red Jacket stated, “‘You have got our country but are not satisfied; you want to force your religion upon us….
The Indian Removal Act authorized Jackson to give the Indians land west of the Mississippi in exchange for their land in the states, but could not force them to leave. He violated and broke commitments that he even negotiated with them. He tried to bribe the Indians and even threatened some of them. Alfred Cave organizes his article thematically and is trying to prove
Andrew Jackson disobeyed a direct order from the Supreme Court, which it means he was above the law. I really wonder how Americans tolerated him, at that time, he was cruel to the Indian common man. Because of him, the Native Americans have the worst end of the Trail of Tears. They are the ones who are forced out of their traditional homes and sent away on a journey of pain and death. Those who had fallen ill, most of the time died, and those who had the will to move on were able to make it to the end and start new lives.
He signed this Act in 1830. While most other Indian tribes chose to take their grievances with Jackson’s Act to the battlefield, the Cherokee were more civilized and knowledgeable about the legal system of the United States and decided to challenge The Removal Act in court. The way of the Cherokee was almost always one which sought for peaceful resolution first. This did not mean every Cherokee tribe chose to make the same decisions. In 1835, a group of Cherokee leaders and made an agreement -a treaty- with the U.S. government to accept payment and land in the west with the promise to relocate.
In 1830 newly elected President Jackson instituted the Indian Removal Act which gave the United States government the ability to negotiate with the Native American tribes of the south and relocate them to lands west of the Mississippi. When implementing the Indian Removal Act Jackson attempted to justify it by saying that he was trying to protect the Native American Tribes from becoming extinct as their brother in the Northern states had become . Jackson would develop a Native American reservation in present day Oklahoma where all Native Americans living east of the Mississippi River would move to with the passing of the Indian Removal Act. The lands that the Native Americans had been living on were continually being claimed by Americans looking to expand their own land in the farming focused southern states. The expansion of slavery and the growth of the southern cotton industry made the Native American lands more and more appealing to Americans that were living around these tribal lands . These Native Americans would have to suffer the travel from the lands of their fathers to Oklahoma, where the federal government had set aside lands for these tribes to begin to rebuild their way of life.
Andrew Jackson’s sentiment towards the Native Americans was certainly not a kind one. Manifest destiny was a popular belief among Americans, including Jackson, and he would go to the extent of forcing Native Americans out of their homes to reach their “ordained goal”. He believed in the expansion of southern slavery which is why he pushed for removing the Indians west of the Mississippi, which makes it the more disgraceful. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 said that it will allow American government to offer in-state territories to the Indian’s for their western land. This wasn’t the case when the U.S. went in and drove the Indians out by force.
Under influence of president Andrew Jackson, the congress was urged in 1830 to pass the Indian Removal Act, with the goal of relocated many Native Americans in the East territory, the west of Mississippi river. The Trail of tears was made for the interest of the minorities. Indeed, if president Jackson wished to relocate the Native Americans, it was because he wanted to take advantage of the gold he found on their land. Then, even though the Cherokee won their case in front the supreme court, the president and congress pushed them out(Darrenkamp).
Although Jackson was important, he was part of many terrible things. Around the 1820s there were many major indian tribes in eastern United States such as Cherokee, Chickasaw, Creek and Seminole. This soon came to a change. Andrew Jackson thought these Indians were in the way of eastern development, using the Indian Removal Act which the congress had approved he decided to kick them out and send them west. In 1831 the Supreme Court ruled that the Cherokee Indians had the right to self government and the United States could not interfere with that.
The Indian Removal Act was signed in 1830 by President Andrew Jackson to remove the Cherokee Indians from their homes and force them to settle west of the Mississippi River. The act was passed in hopes to gain agrarian land that would replenish the cotton industry which had plummeted after the Panic of 1819. Andrew Jackson believed that effectively forcing the Cherokees to become more civilized and to christianize them would be beneficial to them. Therefore, he thought the journey westward was necessary. In late 1838, the Cherokees were removed from their homes and forced into a brutal journey westward in the bitter cold.