When the Cherokee nation tried to defend their land, they sued the state of Georgia for the protection of their lands. They even went to the Supreme Court after Georgia revoked legal state agreements that they had with the Cherokee’s, that had guaranteed rights of movement and jurisdiction of tribal law. Even the Supreme Court couldn’t help the Cherokee Nation because Georgia law does not apply to Georgia law. In 1838, President Martin van Buren used the New Echota Treaty and forcibly removed any Cherokee that was still on the land. “ Sixteen thousand Cherokee began the journey, but harsh weather, poor planning, and difficult travel resulted in between 3,000-4,000 deaths on what became known as the Trail of Tears” (yawp).
Authorizing the president to grant unsettled lands west of the mississippi in exchange for lands west of the mississippi, in exchange land within state borders. During the winter of 1838 the cherokees were forced to move west by the United States government. Four thousand cherokees died on this walk, which is known as the “Trail of Tears”. This is why Andrew Jackson was a bad president, because of the cruel indian removal act.
There were five Indian nations that were highly effected. The Cherokee Tribe that was in Georgia, had chosen to fight the eviction. Instead of taking the path that their grandfathers ad fathers had taught them to take, this generation took them to court. John Marshall took up for the Cherokee, said that they didn’t have to move. Andrew Jackson didn’t like Marshall’s idea about the Cherokees.
This document written by the government of South Carolina is justifying their succession from the Union. Their reasoning was that the northern states have denied the rights of property which were established in the United States Constitution. The government of South Carolina viewed Lincoln as a threat to slavery, this is evident when they said “ … All the states north of that line have united in the election of a man to the high office of President of the United States whose opinions and purposes are hostile to slavery.” (Doc 7). This also shows extremism as South Carolina did secede from the union, justifying it. This began to split the Union into two eventually leading to the Civil War.
The Genocide: Trail of Tears/The Indian removal act During the 1830s the united states congress and president Andrew Jackson created and passed the “Indian removal act”. Which allowed Jackson to forcibly remove the Indians from their native lands in the southeastern states, such as Florida and Mississippi, and send them to specific “Indian reservations” across the Mississippi river, so the whites could take over their land. From 1830-1839 the five civilized tribes (The Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, and Chickasaw) were forced, sometimes by gun point, to march about 1,000 miles to what is present day Oklahoma. While making this gruesome travel more than 4,000 Indians died from disease, starvation and treacherous conditions. This travel became known as the “trails of tears”.
This was because gold was found on Cherokee land in Georgia, and American citizens needed more places to live, expanding our territories further south. However, someone got in the way: a man named Samuel Worcester allied himself with the Cherokee Indians and sued the state of Georgia in 1832. This led to the Worcester v. Georgia Supreme Court case. Chief Justice John Marshall ruled in favor of the Indians, stopping the removal, but Jackson didn’t listen, disobeying the Judge’s orders. For someone or something to be unconstitutional, it must first be judged by the Supreme Court.
Jackson planned on moving Native Americans west of the Mississippi River, to maintain the land many Native Americans called home. At first, Jackson proposed treaties to the Native Americans hoping for them to sign so he could deviously take their land. One of Jackson’s known tactics is lying, which he happened to do in this case, where he promised Native Americans that by moving west the were insuring a safe future. Conclusively, the Native Americans refused to sign the treaty as stated in Andrew Jackson and the Constitution, “Ultimately, he forcibly removed a number of tribes, most notoriously the Cherokee, from their homes.” (gilderlehrman.org) Numerous amounts of Native Americans were killed from their removal, this incident was known as the Trail of Tears. The Indian Removal Act is heavenly frowned upon for a sound reason, even if Jackson followers decide to avoid the countless amount of deaths Jackson
In some of the state government has passed laws saying to limit Native Americans rights, territory, power, and authority. In the U.S. Supreme Court, they rejected the laws that limited Native American rights. The harshness still continued especially from the President Andrew Jackson. President Andrew Jackson spoke out on he called the “Native American Removal.” He was an Army general. He spent many years fighting the land from the Native Americans to give to the white farmers.
Reject it, and you leave them to perish"(11). The American government lied and evoked an illusion of wanting to keep the natives safe, calling the removal “the lesser of two evils”. Saying that the Indian removal was to allow the Natives to “pursue happiness” on their own terms. Americans were stricken with horror when the surviving soldiers of the Bataan Death March recalled their struggles. Even though the difficult and brutal situations the American soldiers suffered through was precisely what transpired during the Trail of
Some people rejected the idea and did not feel it was right to support the Indian Removal Act. But the actions caused by that where very harsh and taken very badly for the Native Americans. Even all the people in the south were for it and it wasn’t even alright for the Native Americans. “The New Echta treaty was used to expel 1,700 Cherokee's from their Southern homelands. In the winter of 1838- 1839, 14,000 sauntered 1.200 miles through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas into Indian land.
Americans were rather hostile towards Native Americans, partially because of a predisposition of them being savages, but also because they had a tremendous amount of difficulty sharing the land. In 1819 when the US purchased florida, they drove out a tribe who had been living there to escape american authorities and placed them in a reservation in central florida. When Native americans attempted to use US law to fight back (1828 supreme court case, Cherokee Nation vs. Georgia) and won, the president at the time disregarded the ruling and placed the Cherokee in Oklahoma. The last blow came from the 1830 - Indian Removal Act which allowed the president to negotiate with the remaining native americans to move them to the west of the mississippi.
The seventh president of the United States was Andrew Jackson. He was accused of the slaughter of the Cherokee Indians, but can he be found innocent. There are a few reasons for his innocence like, he did give the indians two years to get ready for departure instead of kicking them out automatically. Also he actually didn’t want to remove them at first. He also told them that they would find food and clothing for all .