Philip II had been contemplating an invasion on England, however, due to Spain’s financial situation, the ability of taking on such an operation made the King reluctant. After the execution of the Roman Catholic, Mary Queen of Scots, he wanted to seek revenge. Being married to Mary Tudor and equally like her wishing to see England return to Roman Catholicism, Philip was determined, as well as being backed by a country which was known as the strongest Catholic nation in Europe. Many factors influenced his decision; however, in 1585 Elizabeth contributed to his decision to attack. This was through Elizabeth helping the Protestants in the Netherlands when they revolted against their Spanish overlords led by the Duke of Parma.
On 22 April 1677 Charles II’s commissioners, Sir John Berry, Colonel Herbert Jeffreys and Francis Moryson, visited the colony’s governor, Sir William Berkeley, and his wife, Frances, at Green Spring House. The three men had been sent to Virginia with a large armed force to suppress Bacon’s Rebellion and discover its causes by hearing the people’s grievances. The commissioners’ purpose was to bid farewell to the governor, whom the king had summoned to England. Colonel Jeffreys, who commanded the English troops, was designated to replace Berkeley during the latter’s absence. However, Berkeley was old and frail and unlikely to return to the colonyOn 22 April 1677 Charles II’s commissioners, Sir John Berry, Colonel Herbert Jeffreys and Francis
How close did the Jacobites come to regaining the British crown for the Stuarts in 1715 & 1745 After a couple of years in power, the Catholic Stuart King James II of England (James VII of Scotland) was forced to flee his country and go to continental Europe after his protestant nephew and son-in-law, William of Orange, invaded England in 1688 and was appointed co-ruler alongside his wife Mary Stuart (James II’ oldest daughter). This sparkled the creation of a political movement whose members believed in the restoration of King James and his male descendants to the throne of both countries. There were several Jacobite risings since what historians call “The Glorious Revolution”, the most famous ones being the rising of 1715 and the one of 1745. Obviously, the Jacobites never succeeded (the crown went to the House of Hanover after both of James’ daughters died without heirs),
France not only had different conflicts with Great Britain directly but assisted with different British opponents, including the United States. According to Colley, the shear fear of France taking over different parts of the world caused the British to colonize lands that were not even Christian for the empire. In her words Protestantism for the British became, “a unifying and distinguishing bond [like] never before. (18)” Nationalism in Britain only became stronger with the Seven Years War. Support for the war had been, “remarkably and deceptively unanimous (103)” to the point where Scotland had some men recruited.
Henry VI (also Henry of Navarre), is known for his abrupt change in religious faith, from Calvinism to Catholicism, ending the French Wars of Religion and consolidating France into a unified nation. After the death of the Duke of Anjou, Catherine de Médicis youngest son, Henry of Navarre became the next person in line after the reigning of Henry III. Henry of Navarre, a Protestant Calvinist, posed a threat to the Catholic rule of France. This provoked the creation of the Catholic League, a group of Catholic powers “held together by one common goal: to prevent the monarchy of the ‘Most Christian King’ from falling into the hands of a heretic.” (Holt 123) In response, Henry “abjured his Calvinist faith and recognized the Catholic religion as
Description The Jamestown settlement in the Colony of Virginia was the first permanent English settlement in the Americas. William Kelso says Jamestown "is where the British Empire began ... this was the first colony in the British Empire. " Established by the Virginia Company of London as "James Fort" on May 4, 1607 (O.S., May 14, 1607 N.S. ), and considered permanent after brief abandonment in 1610, it followed several earlier failed attempts, including the Lost Colony of Roanoke. Jamestown served as the capital of the colony for 83 years, from 1616 until 1699.
The second was that it ensured closer British and Protestant dominance over Ireland. Until the 19th century, Ireland would be ruled by what became known as the "Protestant Ascendancy", the mostly Protestant ruling class. The majority Irish Catholic community and the Ulster-Scots Presbyterian community were systematically excluded from power, which was based on land ownership. For over a century after the war, Irish Catholics maintained a sentimental attachment to the Jacobite cause, portraying James and the Stuarts as the rightful monarchs who would have given a just settlement to Ireland, including self-government, restoration of confiscated lands and tolerance for
Before Virginia was subdivided in 1632, the primary governing body in the colony was the Virginia House of Burgesses. After King Charles I split the region, an assembly developed in the new proprietary colony, Maryland. However the rich Catholics of the region were heavily outnumbered by Protestant farmers, so Cecil Calvert pushed the assembly for a bill that would give religious freedom to all Christians, otherwise known as the Act of Toleration. Although it was repealed after a short civil war, it represented another difference in society from New England, in which any religion other
They had a son his name is Charles I of England & Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia. When King James died all his success went to his son. Charles I died in 1612 & his wife Anne died in 1619. King James divorced his first wife, Lenor of Castile in 1229 and Mohamed Yolanda (674). Henry Frederick STUART, Prince of Wales was his other son that later became a ruler.
Queen Elizabeth I and Mary, Queen of Scots, her older half-sister, were declared to be illegitimate as King Henry VIII tried to pave the way for a male heir. The two were later reinstated as potential heirs. Mary, Queen of Scots, also known as Mary Stuart, was the Catholic heiress to Scotland’s throne. She was not mentioned in Henry VIII’s, King of England, succession will. However, Mary was related to the tudor line and had some claim to the throne.
After Lexington and Concord, the Second Continental Congress didn’t pursue independence, but they did select George Washington as the military commander. From April 1775 to July 1776, many colonists were confused for their feelings of independence; some colonists wanted to mend differences, while others wanted to fight Britain. The British fought back hard and strong by burning down towns and attacking the colonists. Thomas Paine’s book, Common Sense, argued that the colonists out grew the need for any English rule and they should be given independence. Finally, Thomas Jefferson was appointed to create a draft of the Declaration of Independence, and it was approved by Congress on July 4, 1776.
King Charles II granted the land for the Pennsylvania Colony to William Penn on March 4, 1681 as payment for a debt the crown owed his family.  Penn wrote the Frame of Government of Pennsylvania before departing for the colony, which called for religious tolerance towards many groups, including the Religious Society of Friends and local natives.  As a proprietary colony, Penn governed Pennsylvania, yet its citizens were still subject to the English crown and laws.  Penn 's cousin William Markham served as the first colonial deputy governor.  Demarcated by the 42nd parallel north and 39th parallel north, Pennsylvania was bordered by the Delaware River and the colonies of New York, Maryland, and New Jersey.
It officially became a government in 1775, which in turn made it a Royal colony. The colony of New Jersey was founded by George Carteret & Lord Berkeley in 1664. Same as New York, no major religion or religious goal. In 1775, it became a Royal Colony. The main goal of founding New Jersey was for trading and profiting.
The Indians disagreed and the explorers sailed back to England. They told the Queen of their experience with the land they discovered, naming it Virginia, after the Virgin Queen. They then sent out a second trip to the new land of “Virginia.” This time, Ralph Lane was appointed as the captain. The expedition for the “Lane Colony” was meant to be a military post for men only. They set sail from the England ports on April 9, 1585.