King James I of England believed that Kings have divine power and should be able to exercise it. (Document 2) It was thought that these Kings were sent down to rule by God himself. They were considered to be holy and should be treated like a god. (Document 5) This religious aspect to these absolute monarchs caused the people to have respect for their rulers. People thought “Fear God, Honor the King.” (Document 5) It meant that people should have faith in their Kings and fear the course that God has set for them.
South America was colonized by countries such as Portugal and Spain and North America by Britain. Due to Christianity becoming the official religion of the Roman Empire, it turned into the most controlling religion in the world. The Church had an enormous impact on the advancement of western civilization. Christians realized that God created the world for the sake of the church and that the church saves men so that they can be united with God. People were believed to be part of the church and part of the body of Christ which meant they were united with him.
It achieved this goal by creating devout Christian followers who wanted to spread their newfound devotion to religion. While the church was first created to spread good, the church became increasingly corrupt during Martin Luther’s time. During the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church decided to teach that salvation was possible through works of righteousness that pleased God. While this statement does encourage acts of good, the church abused its meaning by proposing a new means of absolving oneself from sin. This new method was purchasing indulgences.
The overcrowded apartments and rooms foster poverty. Eviction from his greedy landlord is an ever-looming fear for Raskolnikov. He becomes trapped within the vicious cycle of poverty and place. For example, he pawns a watch to his landlady who offers him a meager amount for the watch. Raskolnikov, Raskolnikov cannot accept anything lower due to his debt to her.
Q2 the 'Glorious Revolution ' ensue when the people in England and Scotland were uncomfortable with the Catholic king James the second in the accusation that he would not allow them to participate in voting and other religious practices of their choices. They invited William III of Orange-Nassau, a protestant to take control of the kingdom and exiled James. To resolve the stalemate that followed, a law was set in place to establish a monarchy, which is still used today in England and Australia. Q3 The principle of precedence in Australia is binding among the judges who are required to make decisions based on the past judgments of a similar case. Sometimes, the past reasoning
Indeed, some profession said that religion is completely different from the morality. However, the religion always require a high morality. Even the thoughts are restricted by the values of church and bible, not just the behaviors. Comparing with the nowadays community, the values of catholic church seems too traditional. in this global changing atmosphere that different issues such as same-sex marriage start to be respected and accepted, the catholic church resist on the opposition stand.
In the Elizabethan era, the people were very much dependent on their monarch to rule over them and to maintain order. The monarchs were considered a representative of God on earth, and being a very devoted Christian society , the thought that the monarchs being overpowered would cause chaos and disorder. The shipwreck also have links to the disruption natural order or for Prospero ,the beginning of the reestablishment of his rightful throne . The tempest would seem as a bad omen to the people then, however , none of the ships passengers were physically harmed when they marooned on Prospero’s island. It seems as though Prospero uses magic to intimidate , but at his core, he is compassionate.
‘Dynamism’ is the medieval view that God is the driving, animating force within all matter. However in the modern day, dynamism is an almost nonexistent view of God and the world. Religion and the soul are now matters of faith and faith only, not the matters of reality. This view of Christianity was built upon a major progression in human thinking - individualism. For a good part of human history (especially the medieval times), people counted on authority and tradition to decide their beliefs, views, and morals; Religion being a hugely-focused on truth in society.
The failures of the wars Russia took part in damaged their economy even more than it already was. The extreme poverty of the Russian people and the overpopulation of the major cities making living condition dreadful. These factors put struggles on the Russian people and it made them very anger at the government. The Tsar, Nicholas II failures to lead the country properly and the consent bad decisions that was made caused outrage with the Russian people. All of these factors are the reason why the Russian Revolution in February 1917
It was obvious that many bishops enjoyed their privileged power within the clerical offices, rather than people’s spiritual wellness (11). As nation-states began to grow and strengthen secular rulers protected the Protestant Reformers against the Pope, because they too began to criticize the Pope’s authority (11). These movements, along with the organized teachings of Lutheranism, allowed for the spreading of multiple devotions within different churches for Catholicism, Lutheranism, and Protestantism