With power came the question of how to maintain it. In order to cement their leadership in their countries, both Hitler and Stalin employed the same method: eliminate political rivals and those they distrusted to strengthen their influence and further their interests. The Great Purge, also known as the Great Terror, occurred in the 1930s in Russia and had been a time of oppression and persecution. It began in 1935 when Sergey Kirov, a Communist leader and political rival of Stalin's, was assassinated. Then, anyone associated with Stalin's opposition would be charged with treason, espionage, and more by the NKVD, the Russian secret police, and sentenced to death.
Similar to the Tsars before him, Stalin caused the death of anyone who opposed his way of ruling, especially the Kulaks. He violated the rights of the people by launching an extensive campaign on deporting ethnic groups that opposed his leadership. Stalin’s years of “great terror” through much unneeded purges caused him to more and more act as a “Red Tsar”. The only difference was Stalin was ruling under Marxist ideologies with communism being the end result as opposed to adherence to the Russian Orthodox Church. However, just like Stalin, Alexander II was very similar in that the secret police was at the centre of dealing with outside issues towards his power.
The Red Scare during the Cold War, the thought of communism rising in the United States was a real threat to people of the early 1950s. Then we can see it In the United States during World War 2 we incarcerated Japanese Americans for espionage. We saw it in World War 2, blaming the Jews for all the bad that happened to Germany by Hitler, and for that, he put them in concentration camps. Accusations that are false can destroy many lives, as seen in the Crucible.
After witnessing all the prosecutions and how all the reputations were being ruined at the time, Miller himself began believing that this misfortune was actually a reality. In his time, Miller wrote The Crucible as an allegory to portray the Communist trials and to reveal to the people how this madness was taking over their fundamental society. Throughout Miller 's article “Were You Now or Were You Ever?” he uses a competent tone, parallelism and repetition reflecting paranoia, and the use of an
The Nuremberg Trials were a series of trials held over the course of eleven months in which the Allies prosecuted German military leaders and officials for the crimes they had committed during World War II. Although many people believe that the Nuremberg Trials were biased and unfair, the trials were necessary to achieve justice and punish the top Nazis for their war crimes. In the late 1930s, Adolf Hitler began to gain power in Germany. He promised to change the social and economic problems caused by Germany’s debts due to reprimand payments for their loss during World War I. By blaming the Jews for Germany’s economic crisis and their defeat in World War I, Hitler was able to target the Jews as the country’s main enemy.
Cruel punishments were acted out by any government official. Police brutality in America has been an occurance of the misuse of authority. Police officers abuse their power by assaulting and harassing individuals because they can. The novel 1984 relates to this because in the result of convicting crimes the Party would torture a victim in order to get them to confess or commit suicide. The ministry of love was where most of the police brutality occurred along with making arrests.
In the play, the Crucible by Arthur Miller takes an inner look at the HUAC act, where they put people on tedious trials because they allegedly had ties to communism or they practiced communism. It explores all of the lying and accusing people were doing to each other. In the play, they use the Salem witch trials as an example. The play uses the accusations of witchery and the tedious trials and hangings of people for these accusations. The author clearly uses irony, characterization, and understatement to point out the wrongdoings during this time.
The Blacklist is a crime drama where Raymond Reddington, a career criminal, is an informant for a FBI task force in Washington D.C. and helps them track down criminals that only he knows about. Marvin Gerard is the second episode in season 3 of the Blacklist. In this episode, Liz eludes the FBI by fleeing to the Russian embassy to seek political asylum after killing the Attorney General. After talking to high ranking officials, they agree to fly her to Moscow for more information.
The primary purpose of these camps was the methodical killing of millions of innocent people. The concentration camps were administered since 1934 by Concentration Camps Inspectorate which in 1942 was merged into SS-Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt and were guarded by SS-Totenkopfverbände (SS-TV). The first concentration camp first erected in Germany by the Nazi party and Hitler when he was announced and or
motion, in order to send information to certain organizations beyond the executive branch of the Federal Government, as stated by Cathleen Thom and Patrick Jung (348). Hoover referred to communism as “the mad march of Red fascism,” because of American communists seeking to make a Soviet America (Weiner 24). The “zealots” of the communist party intended to overthrow the Government of the United States (26-27). Hoover had declared a war on communism, and he had multiple resources on his side. During his war on communism, Weiner explains that Hoover had thirty five undercover informants and sixty one FBI agents under his leadership.
One spy was caught sharing information with the USSR and went to jail. People in education were also being monitored because they had the ability to poison the children’s minds by teaching them that Communism is a good thing. The US had legitimate reasons to fear people in the field of Education, Science, and Government.
Sam Robert’s article, “A Decade of Fear” explains how McCarthyism turned Americans against each other by spreading the fear of Communism. Senator McCarthy informed the citizens of America about Communist spies deep within our government on February 10, 1950. He states “ I have here in hand list of 205-a list of names that were made known to the secretary of state as being a member of the Communist Party and who nevertheless are still working and shaping policy in the state Department.” This quote proves that McCarthy did infact say to the public that there were Communist spies in the United States. It spread fear into the citizens because they were afraid that the country will turn Communist because of the Russian spies in the government.
Soon after the conclusion of the Korean War (the war that split North Korea and South Korea) Kim Il Sung began to execute several “Korean revolutionaries”, (North Korean Gulags, n.d.) declaring that he had a zero tolerance for dissent. This is the precise reason that North Korean gulags exist today. The prison camps known as gulags were made to imprison political traitors of Kim Il Sung. The sole purpose of these camps were to inflict punishment upon the alleged political revolutionaries, as well as propaganda.
Sam Robert’s article, “A Decade of Fear” explains how McCarthyism turned Americans against each other after World War 2. In the first place he lied about communists being in the U.S. senate. As stated in Sam Robert’s article, “News of McCarthy’s accusations against the state dept. of president Harry Truman sent shock waves across the nation.” McCarty’s statements made him look like a gallant anticommunist and gave him power. As a matter of fact, he was considered more of a witch hunter.