The Letter from Birmingham Jail, also known as the Letter from Birmingham Jail and The Negro Is Your Brother, is an open letter written on April 16, 1963, by Martin Luther King Jr. The letter defends the strategy of nonviolent resistance to racism. It says that people have a moral responsibility to break unjust laws and to take direct action rather than waiting potentially forever for justice to come through the courts. Responding to being referred to as an “outsider,” King writes, “Injustice anywhere is threat to justice everywhere”. The letter, written during the 1963 Birmingham campaign, was widely published, and became an important text for the American Civil Rights Movement.
The African American revolution started in 1950s represented a range of protests by black people against segregation and for freedom. They chose direct action to reach their goal – “they marched, picketed, went to jail, and suffered harm, pain and inhumane acts” (Letter from Birmingham Jail). After the protest in Alabama has failed, Martin Luther turned to Birmingham, where his house and family was set under attack because of his active position. It resulted in his more active participation and organization of further opposition. In the letter, Martin Luther described Birmingham as “probably the most thoroughly segregated city in the United States.
In his letter, Dr. King informed his readers about the protests in Birmingham. He explained why the protesters were civilly infringing racist laws and city ordinances; why the protesters had truth and justice; and how he was thwarted with the clergyman and white moderates in the South who said they supported his cause. In his “Letter from Birmingham Jail”, Dr. King incorporates biblical and historical allusions to give him credibility with his target audience, the clergymen. Additionally, Dr. King subtly asks rhetorical questions and makes logical conclusions to force his audience to consider his strategy of nonviolent resistance to cease racism and oppression. Throughout his piece, Dr. King uses many strong connections to biblical theologians and philosophers that strengthen his appeal and credibility.
Near the end of the beginning King says “There will be neither rest nor tranquility in America until the Negro is granted his citizenship rights”(King 2). This citation shows how King and all other African Americans will not stop fighting for equal rights until they get their rights. I can surmise that this citation really doesn 't mean that he won 't sleep but not stop protesting and speaking out to end all forms of racism. To continue, King also says that we must stop racism now and for good. In the beginning of the speech he says “We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of now”(King 2).
Robert F. Kennedy developed his argument about Martin Luther 's King 's assassination by giving details about somethings Martin Luther King Jr wanted to do for people. One thing is that he didn 't put Martin Luther King 's real speech, but he did an excellent thing by informing those who didn 't know about Martin 's assassination. For example one of the things he wanted to change was that all black people should have the same rights as all white people. I agree with this because no one should be treated differently everyone should be at a equal place. He had a dream that he would change all this cruelty for the best!
As a response to the Brown v. Board of Education, which ended school segregation, whites throughout the South decided to create the White Citizens Councils. These groups were made up of middle and upper class members and used violence in order to corrupt any of the civil rights movement. At the beginning of the Montgomery bus boycott, Martin Luther King Jr. quickly became as target to these groups. The White Citizens Council wanted to do everything in their power in order to prevent the boycott. Their main goal was to maintain
In the selected section from “Letter from Birmingham Jail”, Martin Luther King wants to abolish American’s segregation law. He divides all the laws into two categories. One is just law and the other one is unjust law. King indicates that the segregation law is an unjust law which seriously affects black people’s lives. I agree with King’s view on the segregation law.
When Savio referred to “put your bodies on all of the gears, wheels, and levers,” he was singling for more types of boycotts and sit-ins because he saw that it was a method towards progress. Malcolm X saws the failure of the Democratic Party to help out Black America, and he preached that African Americans should no longer continue to support their candidates blindly. Malcolm X understood that African Americans were ignorant in their efforts to keep electing a Democratic to a public office, and that elected Democratic did absolutely nothing to help Black America in return for their support. He demanded that there should be no reason why African Americans should get behind the Democratic Party, unless the elected officials would bring about needed justice in housing, employment and education in Black American. Even though Malcolm X’s did not promote protesting, Malcolm’s speech actually did announce a protest of the Democratic Party which was just as direct as Savio’s speech advocating continued protest as a remedy for change at
If we look at fictional characters Winston, from George Orwell 1984, they have major similarities. Their intentions were clear and the way the rebelled against the system are similar, but their outcomes are different. Winston faded away and government covered up his rebellious acts where as Rosa Parks became a true leader. Both of these people had similar intention, to rebel against society. Rosa Parks was fed up with the way her people were being treated and the segregation policies on the buses.
Uproar and protest bubbled over in the states after Scott’s failure to obtain his freedom. His case also fueled the North in their battle with the South, since the big topic of the century was “slavery”. They wanted justice for Dred Scott, to rightfully place his ownership in his own hands, to grant him the freedom to live however he pleased and to not have to walk in shackles. Any human should have that basic right, as it says in the constitution. This landmark of a case stood as a breaking point for social reform; motivation to stop the discrimination that ran throughout the country.
In their article ‘Segregation forever’: A Fiery Pledge Forgiven, But Not Forgotten Samara Freemark and Joe Richman both state that one phrase in Governor Wallace’s speech that started a heated rally cry against racial equality. In 1963 the civil rights movement took place; equality in schools, voting, intervenient in southern states. Freemark and Richman also state that Wallace’s speech message was delivery with hate, he wanted everyone to hear his message; he did not support integration, rather strongly opposed it. Freemark and Richman also mention James L. Poe. Jr, an activist, they addressed part of Poe’s statement on the reaction of Wallace’s speech.
When the suit reached Judge Frank Johnson he dismissed the case saying the state had the rights to draw a boundary of what he could accept, but after he dismissed the case it had reached the Court of Appeals and the ruling was upheld. Booker T. Washington, the head of Tuskegee, helped to advance education and self-improvement for blacks, saying that whites needed to accept that black people were deserving of voting rights. Gomillion and his attorneys appealed to the U.S Supreme Court. The case was argued by Alabama Civil Rights attorney Fred Grey. This was a landmark case, The Supreme Court ruled this was against the 14th and 15th amendment.
(New World Encyclopedia, 2015) This launched the organization of the Montgomery Bus Boycott, whose purpose was to protest the segregation of blacks and whites in public transportation. The boycott ended up lasting around 381 days. This helped support the civil war movement in a non-violent which is something that Martin Luther King Jr. mentioned in his speech. The goal of Martin Luther King Jr.’s speech “I Have a Dream” was to bring everyone’s focus on how the discrimination needed to end immediately. The speech was to motivate the people to continue fighting for racial equality without violence being involved.
Martin Luther King Martin Luther King harped on civil disobedience for any moral arguments. Treating citizens differently based on skin color was nefarious, King wished to speak out to change but insisted on non-violent acts to do so. He expressed his thoughts in the “I Have a Dream” speech publically in a passive fashion. This passionate, positive and encouraging speech flourished King’s views and changed the American government’s unjust laws. Although, King did not use destructive force to get his point across, he did break some laws.
Martin Luther King Jr. says he shouldn’t pay attention criticism or he and his secretaries wouldn’t get any work done. Although, he feels like he must explain why he did what he in Birmingham because people were being persuaded to the reasoning of the “outsiders coming in.”King argues that you can never be an outsider if you live in the United States, because you must know your rights to protect to them. MLK was serving as president of Southern Christian Leadership Conference. The Birmingham branch of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference invited MLK to participate in the direct-action program if needed. Birmingham was the most segregated city in the United States, there have been an unholy number of cases that included African Americans