“Letter from Jail” On April 16, 1963, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. wrote a letter to the eight clergymen while he was incarcerated. Dr. King wrote this letter to address one of the biggest issues in Birmingham, Alabama and other areas within the United States. The “Letter from Birmingham Jail” discussed the great injustices that were happening during that time towards the black community. Dr. King wanted everyone to have the same equal rights as the white community, he also went into further details about the struggles that African Americans were going through for so many years, which he felt like it could change. Martin Luther King Jr’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail”, expressed his beliefs and his actions about the Human Rights Movement.
In Letter From Birmingham Jail, the part I find most persuasive is when Dr. King tells why African-Americans can no longer wait to gain the justice and equality they deserve, and there is not a “right time” to try to gain this justice and equality. It is true that African-Americans cannot not just wait and hope that one day they will gain the equality they deserve. Instead, they must act to gain justice and equality. When people are comfortable, change is unlikely to occur. If African-Americans did not create any tension, they may have never gained the equality they have today.
Martin Luther King’s message “A Letter From A Birmingham Jail,” it rebuttals the empty statements made by the eight Alabama clergymen. In the clergymen’s letter, they try to show their support by mentioning how they know what is best for the citizens, and they are trying their hardest to resolve these problems. However, they fail to give evidence in saying that King’s methods were “untimely and unwise”, and they failed to prove their support against segregation. King wrote this letter during his serving time in jail, in response to the clergymen that said that his action were “unwise and untimely.” This letter raised national awareness to the Civil Rights Movements, it motioned the will power to gain proper rights after three hundred and forty
During the late 1950s and 1960s the southern states in America were segregated. Black and white people were separated from bathrooms to schools and therefore, blacks had to use their installments or they would be punished by whites. While this was happening, two African American men, Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X, wanted segregation to come to an end. So they proclaimed their ideas and started to form groups to protest against segregation in America. Consequently, Martin Luther King Jr’s civil rights philosophy made the most sense during the 1960s because integrated schools was the goal, nonviolence could have a huge impact on the enemy and nonviolence was the only practical strategy.
The biggest of these movements were his walks and protests in the late 1960s. He among many other African American citizens continued to riot throughout many U.S. cities but he “stressed the importance of nonviolent protests” (Kirk, par. 18.) King realized that violent protests would never solve anything; protesters needed to do so peacefully. If King did not stress the protests being nonviolent, the fight for civil rights would be more dramatic and problematic (Kirk, par.
Throughout reading King’s letter “From Birmingham City Jail” there are many strong points made that could easily compel the reader to understand his point of view. Each paragraph was intricately written to have a deeper meaning. One paragraph that stood out to be the strongest was paragraph twelve. This paragraph had strong points that put the reader in a poignant standing with in the situations that were brought upon, one could easily feel the inequality expressed. If we look at the previous paragraph building up to this one, King starts off by saying “We know through painful experience that freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed” (King 5).
Letter from Birmingham City Jail Confronting your enemies is never an easy task. Confronting them in a humble way is way harder. Dr.King was put in jail in the year 1963 in the city of Birmingham, which at the time was a hard city for African Americans to live in. When he was in jail he wrote a letter to a hostile audience. In his letter he explained his believes and delivered a direct message to them.
Dr. King sets up his assertion of the necessary components for a successful nonviolent campaign when he states that “In any nonviolent campaign there are four basic steps: collection of the facts to determine whether injustices are alive, negotiation, self-purification, and direct action” (King 1). When Dr. King says “in any nonviolent campaign,” he is preparing his explanation of the steps that must be present when taking nonviolent steps toward a change in society. He is very aware of segregation and its side effects, and aspires to eliminate it all by following a specific system. In order to complete a “collection of the facts to determine whether injustices are alive,” one must go out and observe the interactions between people of different races. In the
Martin Luther Kings introduction in "We Cant Wait" shows the reality of social life for blacks, revealing the hash truth, and then pushing the black community to rise up in nonviolent oppression. King uses to anecdote, didactic, and emotional appeal to strengthen the influence of his cause and combat the injustice this world has come to know. Martin Luther king uses anecdote in his writing to show how a brief story can be used to represent a greater meaning. By giving the short story of a small boy from Harlem and a girl from Birmingham, it reveals how although they might be thousands of miles apart, they are experiencing the same persecution and degradation because of their skin color. They both question "Why does misery constantly haunt the negro?"
In his letter from Birmingham jail, written in August of 1963, King outlined the four steps, “In any nonviolent campaign there are four basic steps: collection of facts to determine whether injustices are alive, negotiation, self-purification, and direct action” (Letter from Birmingham Jail, 1). He knew injustices were evident from the accounts of abuse endured by African Americans. He tried to negotiate with the political leaders, but they refused so King had to move on to the last two steps. Self-purification was the hardest, but most important step of the process in starting a nonviolent campaign. It was a workshop, teaching supporters of the cause how to suffer abuse without retaliating.
When someone thinks of the Civil Rights Movement, often the first thing to come to mind is Martin Luther King Jr. He was the most famous leader of this movement and as a result of his work, there were many acts, laws, and desegregation that occurred. If Martin didn’t work as hard as he did to make America the country it is today, discrimination of race would still exist. The assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. led to country to a period of national mourning and a rush of anger from not only blacks but also whites in America.
Martin Luther King Jr has stated, “Nonviolence is a powerful and just weapon, which cuts without wounding and ennobles the man who wields it. It is a sword that heals.” This means that people can make a difference without harming anyone and can make a difference without being hurt. Also that nonviolence is more powerful than just brute force, people can stop or “cut” injustice easier. Martin Luther King Jr’s words inspired a generation and allowed these groups and people to use this metaphor as their own strategy of change.
This article talks about why Martin Luther King Jr. was an important person and why we should follow his actions. King is not only known for his famous “I Have A Dream” speech but is known for his devotion "to bring about equality and civil rights for African Americans" and to "used nonviolence as the most effective form of protest" (Reign). King wanted explicit action not to wait and see what happens. For example, a few weeks before King was killed, he was outside a high school gym near Detroit when a crowd of people started "picketing his appearance" (Reign). He then had some word to say to the crowd, mentioning, "A riot is the language of the unheard" which is still as compatible today as it was 50 years ago when King uttered it (Reign).
One blazing hot, summer day on August 28, 1963, about a quarter of a million people, black and white alike, showed up for a peaceful march in Washington D.C. The march included walking from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln memorial. Passionate about civil rights, these people wanted to peacefully get legislature to give them the freedom that they rightfully deserve. They wanted to have non-segregated schools, protection against police cruelty, equality among workers, and a number of other rights. (Ross)
Nonviolent resistance and realistic pacifism were more than an intellectual assent, but rather a way of life for Martin Luther King Jr. The profound dedication that King exemplifies is a testament to the power of love in the face injustice. King notes in his work Pilgrimage to Nonviolence, of the process of meticulously surveying the works of other philosophical thinkers in search of something to medicate his religious, and personal dilemma when addressing philosophical perspectives. Ghandi’s nonviolent resistance has made a lasting impact on King, which has made a tremendous influence in African American rights.