Wild Life Protection Research Paper

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Chapter-II
LEGAL AND POLICY FRAMEWORK RELATED TO PROTECTION OF WILD ANIMALS

2.1 INTRODUCTION
In India the history of conservation and protection of flora and fauna are as old as its civilization. In Indian mythology the animals are worshipped as incarnations of different Gods and Goddess and any act of harm to the animals is considered an ethical offence (Sin). The great Emperor Ashoka has declared that, “Twenty six years after my coronation, I declared that the following animals were not to be killed i.e. Parrots, Mynas, Aruna, Ruddy Geese, Nandimukha, Cranes, Bats, Queen Ants, Terrapins, boneless fish, rhinoceros and all quadrupeds which are not useful or edible”.

2.2 LAWS DURING BRITISH PERIOD
But the laws related to wild life protections
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A provision is proposed to be made in the Wild Life Act for creation of two new types of reserves, i.e., Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves. Conservation Reserve would be an area owned by the State Governments adjacent to national parks and sanctuaries for protecting the landscape, seascape and habitat of fauna and flora. Further, it is also proposed to empower the State Governments to notify any community land or private land as community reserve provided that the members of that community or individuals concerned are agreeable to offer such areas for protecting the fauna and flora, as well as their traditions, cultures and practices. The declaration of these two new types of reserves, i.e. conservation reserve and community reserve are aimed at improving the socio-economic conditions of the people living in those areas as well as conservation of wild life. Conservation reserve and community reserve would be managed on the principles of sustainable utilization of forest produce. The members of the local communities would be involved in their management through management committees. The Amendment Act had proposed and intended to achieve these objects:
(i) to highlight the ecological and environmental objective in the long title of the Wild Life Act;
(ii) to add new definitions in view of the amendments proposed in the Wild Life Act;
(iii) to give statutory status to the National Board for Wild Life and restructuring of State Wild Life Advisory Boards giving wider
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2,000 to Rs. 25,000;
(xvi) to provide that the vehicles, weapons and tools, etc, used in committing compoundable offences are not to be returned to the
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