Wildlife Management: Wildlife Conservation And The Natural Environment

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1. Introduction: Africa 's wildlife is one of a kind. It is the last place on earth where large herds of animals are free to move across grasslands. It is also the home of the greatest diversity of primates, our closest biological relatives. Through national parks and protected areas, privately and publically owned organisations strive to preserve the environment and its wildlife. Wildlife management formally came to existence in the nineteenth century following the trend that the natural resources are non-renewable and need to be conserved (Decker, 2012). During this time, wildlife conservation was just setting areas aside where people weren’t allowed to have influence on the natural environment, nowadays it incorporates way more complex issues such as politics, economics, sociology, and institutional capacity as with biology and ecology (Boonman-Berson, 2014). When defining the term wildlife management, it is important to distinguish what exactly wildlife is. Earlier phrases that described wildlife included any non-domesticated animal that is free roaming that could be hunted or used as a form of food. This however was restricted to vertebrates, so the term has evolved over the years. It was then realised that the term “wildlife”, did not only include game, because in the Endangered Species Act of 1973 it included all the various groups of animals namely any; mammal, bird, fish, amphibian, reptile, mollusc, crustacean, arthropod, or other invertebrates. Although this

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