Doctor Jonathan Shay, MD, PhD, once said, “It has been used in two related, but distinct senses; differing mainly in the “who” of the moral agony. Moral Injury is present when there has been (a) A betrayal of “what’s right….”’ In war stories “Where Have You Gone, Charming Billy?” and “The Sniper”, moral injury is seen when the main characters face trauma. Moral injury affected Private Paul Berlin when he reacts to a situation in a peculiar laughter, affected the sniper when he feels remorse for doing his own job and part in the war, and affected both protagonists by making the experience events that make them feel extreme distress. First, Private Paul Berlin’s moral injury is caused by watching a fellow soldier die on his first day at war. This event is brought up multiple times.
This line is evidently ironic in contrast with the content of the poem, which brutally describes the horror and the futility of the war. After the second stanza, Owen is focused on his experience of horror, ‘He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.’ shows his experience of watching a man dying from a gas attack. Furthermore, he says that we will not be able to experience the same feelings, but only in ‘some smothering dreams’. Through this he argues that individuals who have not been to the war should not promote it and his negative attitude towards propaganda, which told young men how great the war is, seeding deluded images of the war. Therefore, the poem plainly depicts the irony of the title which says that it is one of the best thing to die for your country when it is not.
A work of fiction with an arthur that speaks his truth through the protagonist, Paul Baumer. Paul’s mental decline after being sent to war by his teachers after learning of duty and honor only to learn of the violent war that held only pain and death which forced him to change from a sensitive nineteen year old boy to be worn, apathetic soldier to deal with the harsh world he now lived in reflects those of the Lost Generation. The members of the Lost Generation were left damaged after the war without understanding. They were lead astray by society and unable to come back as the young boys that they had left
The use of imagery to describe trenches in both texts plays a big role in building up the theme that war destroys innocence and youth. For example, in Sassoon 's "Suicide in the Trenches", the phrase 'winter trenches ' is paired with words such as glum and lice, both of which have a negative connotation. (Sassoon, 5-6.) Sassoon also uses imagery to portray the front/the trenches as hell, and explicitly states that that is where youth, innocence, and laughter go to "die" because war destroys a person mentally, even if it doesn 't physically them. (Sassoon, 12.)
Also, I wonder if this subject matter is meant to represent her emotions after she lost her son in World War I. Etching was another commonly used media by Kollwitz. Her etching titled “March of the Weavers” portrays a group of young men of working age who are marching collectively. Their faces are mixed with sorrow and anger and onlookers are hit by disturbed and sympathetic feelings towards the subject matter. Because this medium utilizes acid in its creation process, the lines and figures in the “March of the Weavers” are slightly obscure and not definite, which adds to the emotional disturbance that viewers feel because they reasoning for their distress in
You could blame the war… A moment of carelessness or bad judgment or plain stupidity carried consequences that lasted forever. "(177) This tells us that Jimmy felt guilty for getting one of his soldiers killed by his love for Martha which keeps him distracted and keeps him from realizing what’s around him and now he got sick and tired of getting distracted so he burned the photos and letters Martha sent him to keep him from getting distracted. “What is love?
Under brutal circumstances of warfare, people have decided soldiers’ manipulated perspectives was subsequent to violence. In Kurt Vonnegut’s novel, Slaughterhouse-Five, readers are introduced to the protagonist named Billy Pilgrim, a cowardly soldier that witnessed the firebombing of Dresden. Moreover, Tim O’Brien was a character throughout his own story The Things They Carried, he, too provided insight on (admittedly made-up) events that occurred during his time at Vietnam. In spite of these two soldiers having completely opposite experiences, the reality of war is the fact that encountering death on a regular basis would drive one to blatantly accept it or become numb towards it. To be specific, from Slaughterhouse-Five Kurt Vonnegut showcases numbness towards death through Billy Pilgrim.
She is one that tends to disobey society, she dresses pearl up on a scarlet dress with gold designs to show that she is also the scarlet letter. B. Arthur Dimmesdale is very ashamed of his sin that he committed but he does not want the people to know that he committed adultery but then on the other hand he is very jealous of Hester that she doesn’t have to bear the guilt and that everyone knows of his sin. He starts to feel so guilty that it’s eating him from the inside out. He also punishes himself in many different ways. One is by that he hangs up all over his house images of David and Bathsheba which reminds him of his sin.
It is apparent here that a soldier unexpectedly witnesses the death of another comrade as he watches “his hanging face, like a devil sick of sin”. A significant simile of the poem, like “Futility” questions human existence as though a devil will be sick of sin. Readers are confronted with the pain and anguish faced by the soldier and tastes the suffering as he does, comprehending the horrors and the extent of disrespect not only faced by soldiers, but also Owen himself.The poem ‘Anthem for Doomed Youth’ captures the spirit of the war in its irrationality and brutality. Owen names his poem “Anthem for doomed youth” signifying the inhumanity and the entrapment of war upon the youth as there is no escape. He opens his poem with the grotesque imagery of the battlefield as he questions through the simile ‘what passing-bells for those who die as cattle?’, This emphasises how the men have been dehumanised and reduced to animals and slabs of meat to be butchered and consumed by the monstrous war machine which seems to have a ravenous appetite for human lives.
Similarly, in Wilfred Owen 's "Dulce et Decorum Est", the observation of the tragedies of war provokes the reader to understand the lack of glory in war. However, the most significant lesson arises from experiencing both the novel and the poem together: war brings only anguish to the soldiers who have the misfortune of fighting in them. In Slaughterhouse Five Vonnegut shows the inferior side of war through the experiences
The True Weight of War “The Things They Carried,” by Tim O’Brien, brings to light the psychological impact of what soldiers go through during times of war. We learn that the effects of traumatic events weigh heavier on the minds of men than all of the provisions and equipment they shouldered. Wartime truly tests the human body and and mind, to the point where some men return home completely destroyed. Some soldiers have been driven to the point of mentally altering reality in order to survive day to day. An indefinite number of men became numb to the deaths of their comrades, and yet secretly desired to die and bring a conclusion to their misery.
In the short story, “The Man I Killed,” O’Brien focuses on this to show that everyone fighting in a war has a story. He spends the story describing the man he killed and searching for justification of his actions. He carries around guilt with him because of it, and his fellow soldiers try to help him justify and come to terms with his action by saying things like, “You want to trade places with him? Turn it all upside down= you want that? I mean, be honest,” (126) and “Tim, it’s a war.
It is only then that the sniper reveals a softer side. Realizing what he has done and after watching his dead opponent fall to the ground from the roof of the building, he is “bitten by remorse”; “The lust of battle died in him”. It is clear that the sniper is weaker than initially described, and the reader becomes sympathetic even though he has just killed another man. Some textual evidence of the sniper’s opinion of war is stated, “His teeth chattered, he began to gibber to himself, cursing the war, cursing himself, cursing everybody.” The sniper has reached a breaking point, chosen by the author to communicate to the reader that even the most toughened human can fall apart in seconds. Taking another life is very hard on some soldiers, and many resort to drinking or other ways to attempt to take these instances off their minds, “Taking the whiskey flask from his pocket, he emptied it a drought.
He was profoundly affected by the sights of war and later described a recurring nightmare of his traumatic experiences. Dix later explains why he volunteered to go to war and why he needed the experience: “I have to experience all the ghastly, bottomless depths of life for myself, its for this reason that I went to war and for that reason I volunteered.” (Brainyquote, 2016). In the etching Dix has created, jagged lines which create a threatening and unnerving impression on the viewer, with the strong vertical lines of the sticks and figures suggesting movement. Dix asserts, “people were already beginning to forget, what horrible suffering the war had brought them. I did not want to cause fear and panic, but to let people know how dreadful it is and so to stimulate people’s powers of resistance.” (Brainyquote, 2016).
many times, these “abnormal" people repeat their actions, not only because they might enjoy their actions, but also mental problem block them understanding how horrible and extreme their actions really are. In the stories “The Cask of Amontillado” by Edgar Allen Poe and “A Rose for Emily” by William Faulkner, both Montresor and Emily they killed a man without significant reasons. In both stories, the main characters can easily be classified as psychotic, from their disturbing behavior patterns and the actions committed by both individuals. In the story of "Emily Rose". It is obvious that Emily 's mental is not normal after her father was dead.