The indigenous people wanted to coexist in peace, as Red Jacket stated, “‘You have got our country but are not satisfied; you want to force your religion upon us…. Brothers … we only want to enjoy our own,’” but the settlers did not want that. Even after the Indian removal act had been declared unconstitutional by Congress, Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren did not enforce the law. This was a time in history when checks and balances was not
The USA was way out of line when dealing with the native tribes by overlooking there treaty 's and not giving them a chance to speak. The USA was unfair the natives they just forced them out of there land without a true agreement. in the letter from Chief John Ross they were protesting against the treaty of New Echota and were saying it
1William Cronon’s Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England observes the changes of New England caused by the Indians and European settlers. In Cronon’s thesis he states, “the shift from Indian to European dominance in New England entailed important changes—well known to historians—in the ways these peoples organized their lives, but it also involved fundamental reorganizations—less well known to historians—in the region’s plant and animal communities” (Cronon xv). When colonist from Europe ventured to North America, the ecosystem would gradually change as of consequence. Cronon highlights not only the ecological changes caused by colonization but also the native’s practices that affected the environment. 2The economic and environmental value of New England was obvious and to the Europeans.
Governor Berkeley refused to protect frontier farmers, because he was too busy trading fur, so the effect of that was the farmers were constantly being raided by Native Americans. While Berkeley was “too busy” trading fur, he also refuse to remove the Indians saying it would take too much time. This rebel continued until Bacon suddenly died of dysentery. As soon as Bacon’s death occurred, Berkeley hanged many of the rebels and crushed the rebellion. This rebellion also exposed resentments between the wealthy planters of Virginia, and the backcountry frontiersmen.
As one can see New France 's society was just as diverse and unique as any other. France made many attempts to contain and morph New France into its image but being on the frontier made changes to what was possible for people. New France started to realize that it was needed by France and was able to hold that over them to bend the laws and regulations of France . People started realizing that the French wanted and to a point needed the furs and were willing to break its morals and even its rivalries to obtain them. Traders in New France did the unheard of and traded with England and traded unwarranted items with the natives because they were more focused on their own benefit over that of Frances, showing the individualized society that was slowly forming from the depths of a state driven society.
When the French started to explore the America’s, they found value in natural raw materials, Fur Trade, Fisheries, whaling and most importantly Sugar. Besides France branching out to gain natural resources but they wanted to expand their territory and continue to increase their religious beliefs onto the Native Indians. They decided settled in places like Canada, along the Gulf Coast, and the Mississippi Valley. Among the settlers of New France were Indentured Servants, it is important to state that not all of the servants where of the African decent, the government would pay their way to the New World requiring that they give two to three years of work in return. Which wasn’t easy work and working conditions where not pleasant.
He believed Jackson needed a reality check. The Indians were there first, it was their land. He force the Natives to move away from their homeland, with brute force. He believes Jackson could not justify his actions just because it was for America’s benefit. He also stated Jackson refused to listen to many people, and he refused to let Indians live.
The lens of Changes in the Land focuses on the Indians and how “their ability to move about the landscape” (Cronon 159), had been “severely constrained” by the actions of the Europeans, and how their life was affected by the settlement. The lens of Experiencing History: Interpreting America’s Past is one that speaks greatly of the Europeans and their life and their struggles and their point of view. This is specifically evident when the textbook speaks of “communities in conflict” (page 89), and how it spotlights the issues pertaining to the colonists. Another area where the textbook and Changes in the Land don’t align is the portrayal of the settlers and the way that they view and act on the land of New England. In our textbook, Experiencing History, the settlers are portrayed as people whom, “established most of their settlements with an eye to stability and order” (page 89).
During the expansion a major policy change was that everyone would have to become agriculture and live the agricultural way of life. Meaning they would have to farm, trade or if not make the supplies for the farmers. These policies especially affect the Indians because Jefferson wanted, “to encourage them to abandon hunting, to apply to the raising stock, to agriculture and domestic manufacture, and thereby prove to themselves that less land and labor will maintain them in this, better than in their former mode of living.” (Jefferson, p. 1) Their new policies were easy for the American colonist to get use to but not the Indians as it was a new way of life. The Indians would have to assimilate to the American life. With all that said the westward expansion went through a lot to actually get expanded.
“ Las Casas, the great defender of Indian rights, abhorred the encomienda system and called it “a mortal pestilence.” (Varcum 14). However, Columbus created the encomienda system and viewed it as successful. Many of the explorers’ missions were not to protect Indians rather it was to discover a way Spain could take over. In the end, these explorers’ findings of the New World were all beneficial for Spain in the colonization of the New World. The explorers took great risk in the encounters with the indigenous
They also didn’t have any knowledge of preserving foods and making medicine to cure their people, and Champlain saw this as a bit of a threat. He wanted to forge an alliance with the Aboriginals to make sure the Europeans were secure. He sent young Europeans to live with the Aboriginal peoples, and learn their values. He also made amends by joining Algonquin people in war against the Haudensaunee, in
These treaties, the Treaty of Traverse de Sioux and Mendota, were supposed to establish the permanent homes of these natives, but this did not happen (Treaty of Mendota, 1851; Treaty of Traverse de Sioux, 1851). Instead, these treaties were the start of settlers pushing Natives onto small reservations or out of the state completely. In addition to signing the treaties, the Natives were coerced into signing the Traders’ Papers. The Traders’ Papers stipulated that any payment that was made to the Dakota for their land would first go to the traders to cover their debts (Lahlum, 23 Jan 2017). When the Dakota signed these papers, they were never translated, so they did not know what they were signing (Lahlum, 23 Jan 2017).
Tensions with the Native American tribes continued well into the nineteenth century despite efforts on their part of capitulation, assimilation, appeasement and resistance. As the federal government realized that their theory that the Native Americans had been conquered was incorrect they began to establish policy that would assimilate the Indians into white society and culture, but also facilitated the tribes losing their lands to white settlers. (Nash, et al., 2007., p. 255) Assimilation tactics varied and one such way was done through regulation of the fur trade. This regulation helped white traders gain expensive furs in exchange for their relatively inexpensive goods and to reduce fraud and conflict, Congress created trading posts, or
In Lewis Henry’s claims he illuminated the caveman like ways of Native Americans whereby they had no plans to industrialize the lands. Native Americans were pushed farther and farther west because of their beliefs in preserving the land and working with nature. Henry’s chart shows how underdeveloped and out-of-date Native Americans were which proves that they had no threat to Americans, but only had to defend themselves in order to keep their homes and land. Lewis Henry hoped to demonstrate that Native Americans should not be feared by migrants and that they were no threat to Americans. Gertrude Käsebier illustrated how down to earth Native Americans were by symbolizing the lizard on the Native Americans shoulder and the simplistic clothes that they were wearing.