Kita also explained more that dirty realism is a new force of American authors, where the characters are a neglected husband, thief, and an addict and the aim of this style is to create "realistic and sad destinies" (p.385) and by comparing with the background I have mentioned before, Carver 's male characters are matched with dirty realism character. By observing Carver 's work, Kita defined Carver 's characters, language, and style. She added that Carver 's stories are stories of "the middle-class" (p.387) which focus on more on their up-to-date appearance. She also included the major themes in Carver 's work where the characters are being delusional, as they consistent in drinking alcohol, being isolated or lonely, where in story like "Vitamins" the narrator feel lonely and cheat on his wife because his wife is too focused and stressed on selling her vitamins and then there are tragedy, inaction, detachment, alcoholism, communication, morality, masculinity as homophobia and epiphany. The genre dirty realism helps on interpreting what the male characters are representing in America around 20th
Before Isabel leaves, she tells him that she realizes that finding a suitable flat in new York is not easy, and Mrs. March adds that she will not be difficult anymore when it comes to apartments (Howells 77). However, after she said that, she gives him an endless list of demands concerning the apartment that are superficial, such as a pleasant janitor and a flat below the third floor. The fact that the narrator mentions this entire list of demands can be proof that the narrator mocks this whole situation because she does not stay true to her word to not be demanding, especially after her experience with poverty. Furthermore, Michelle Kohler agrees that the narrator is inconsistent. Sometimes, he is almost objective and remains in the background, but a few pages later he can be ironic towards the city, the advertisements and the Marches (197).
In “The Great Gatsby” Fitzgerald presents editorial on an assortment of topics, — equity, control, insatiability, treachery, the American dream. Of the considerable number of subjects, maybe none is more all around created than that of social stratification. The Great Gatsby is viewed as a splendid bit of social discourse, offering a clear look into American life in the 1920s. Fitzgerald deliberately sets up his novel into particular gatherings in any case, at last, each gathering has its own issues to battle with, leaving an effective indication of what a problematic place the world truly is. By making unmistakable social classes — old cash, new cash, and no cash — Fitzgerald sends solid messages about the elitism running all through each stratum of society.
One of the distinctively American form that came out of the Post-War Era in America is what has been called “selective realism” it is simply what is said to be realism but very selective one , it only shows what needed to be seen. Modern playwrights used to focus on Realism and to use it as the mainstream .One of the leading proponents selective realism is the American playwright Arthur Miller in The Death of the Salesman (1949), as well as the selective realist Tennessee Williams whose plays focused on the society’s dilemma that was restricted in an antagonistic
Perhaps more famous for his literary work, George Orwell should also be renowned as an astute political thinker. In his 1946 essay “Politics and the English Language”, Orwell criticizes the current state of the English language, claiming modern English is full of “bad habits” According to him, such habits consist in the recurrent use of dying metaphors, pretentious diction and meaningless words. Orwell also maintains that the aforesaid habits are even more present in political language, which he characterizes as using too much “euphemism, question-begging, and sheer cloudy vagueness.” Though the essay was written post World War II - and current political language has surely matured and changed since then - Orwell’s essay offers a prudent analysis that is fairly relevant in today’s political scenario as well. One of the point’s Orwell writes about is how the use of euphemism in political speeches and writings serves the purpose of (at least attempting to) cushioning) the audience regarding injurious matters. He states the reason for the use of such euphemism is because “political speech and writing are largely the defence of the indefensible” So when discussing arguments which might sound too brutal or too crass regarding pernicious policies, politicians, not wanting to alienate the public, choose to soften their sentences, thus using euphemisms and vagueness to do so.
Magical realism has become a popular narrative mode because it offers to the writer wishing to write against totalitarian regimes a means to attack the definitions and assumptions which support such systems by attacking the stability of the definitions upon which these systems rely. It is typical for books and essays on magical realism to begin by stating that the concept and its history are too complex to be able to provide a definition. Vonnegut’s Billy Piligrim in Slaughterhouse-Five represent a curiously American pragmatic expression of magical realism, a fatalist sense that its presence is part of the weight and inevitability of destiny. Perhaps in this way Vonnegut’s work
“Morality, like art, means drawing a line someplace.”- Oscar Wilde Compare and contrast the ways in which F Scott Fitzgerald and Ian McEwan present moral conflict within ‘The Great Gatsby’ and ‘Atonement’ paying due attention to other critical views and contextual factors. Conflicting moral judgement is a common theme in both novels, Atonement and The Great Gatsby, as shown by their protagonists. The Great Gatsby is set in New York during the early 1920’s before the Wall Street crash, not long after the first World War. Many of the American soldiers did not get home for a long time after the official end due to them helping to rebuild the rest of the world. As we learn Nick is long home from the war himself before moving in next door to Jay Gatsby on West Egg.
Literature during the Romantic period ignored problems such as poverty and discrimination. In addition, those writers used condescending tones regarding people who could not control these harsh conditions in which the lived under. Realism challenged this unawareness and ignorance by addressing the facts of American life and the different perspectives that a broad spectrum of people had. According to James Farrell, “It seeks to present in the more humanizing terms of literature much of what the newspapers sensationalize and view with alarm”. In other words, realism created a stage that placed the general population’s problems in a spotlight.
Throughout history, social status plays a significant role in the way people are treated. The Scarlet Letter is a novel with a clear distinction between the lives of those who are in the upper class and those in the lower class. Author Nathaniel Hawthorne’s ancestors were firm believers in Puritanism. Hawthorne wrote The Scarlet Letter to portray the one-sided ideology of societies that allow socioeconomic status to determine how people are treated, and as a call for change to diminish this unfair treatment. In The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne portrays the disparity between the treatment of the bourgeoisie and the proletariat in order to establish that it is unjust to treat people differently simply due to their social status and that
In the novel, Fitzgerald does not just tell the events, he uses characters’ thoughts to develop the whole idea and to make the novel more pleasant to read. One of the themes that he writes about is the failure of the American Dream. The main character of this theme is Jay Gatsby. His change and the sacrifices that he makes to get rich and being popular can be seen throughout the novel. Also, the