William Mckim: Chapter Summary

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William McKim in chapters 1, 2, 3, 5 and 14 looks at some basic pharmacology, research design and the behavioral analysis of drug effects, tolerance withdrawal, sensitization and conditioning of drug effects, dependence addiction and the self administration of drugs as well as antidepressants and mood stabilizers. A drug in its most basic form is defined as “a substance that alters the physiology of the body” (p. 1) and is comprised of a chemical name, a generic name and trade name. The chemical name is used by chemists to identify what the molecules of a drug looks like while the generic name is a shorter version of the chemical name. The trade name on the other hand, is the property of the company that sells the drug. The effect of a drug…show more content…
25). This is primarily done through manipulation of the independent variable (the amount of drug) and the observed effect on the dependent variable (change in an individual’s behavior). Experimental research conducted within behavioral pharmacology includes experimental control, within subject and between subject designs. Non experimental research design “looks for a relationship between two measured events” (p. 29) but does not infer causation. Stimulants or uppers are drugs that increase arousal while those that decrease arousal are termed depressants or downers. Conversely, performance in humans are measured according to perception, cognitive or motor abilities whereas behaviors in nonhumans are measured through spontaneous motor activity, respondent and operant conditioning which play a role in understanding why and how organisms use drugs. The effects of drugs are also analyzed through their stimulus properties which are looked at as “their ability to act as a discriminative stimulus in a discriminative learning task” (p.…show more content…
It was however very helpful in providing me with an understanding of how drugs taken by humans especially for the purpose of mental health affect different areas of the body and the anticipated side effects of each. Through having such knowledge also, I am better able to work with the clients I serve in monitoring the progress of the therapeutic effects of the drugs they are taking during treatment. Additionally, by familiarizing self with the different classes of drugs, will allow me to become more vigilant in recognizing the purpose the drug/s are being taken by clients immediately after hearing or seeing

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