In the Pennsylvania colony they set their own standards in government. In the year 1775 Pennsylvania was a proprietary colony. The first governor of Pennsylvania was William Markham. William Markham led the fight in abolish slavery. William Penn founded the colony in 1681.
The English Parliament passed the Toleration Act in 1689, which gave Quakers and many other religious groups the right to build churches and to public worship in the colonies. From there on people who did not threaten the authority of the Puritans were left alone (5). During the 1730s and the 1740s, a religious revival swept happened in the colonies. George Whitefield, a revivalist, toured America.
Evidence shows that the Puritans had politically influenced their colonies with their religious values. In the New World, a group of Puritans established the Massachusetts Bay Colony. There, the Puritans would create a government that would revolve around their covenant with God. On the way to the New World, John Winthrop, governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, led a sermon, titled “A Model of Christian Charity”, about Puritan ideals (Winthrop). As well as determining Puritan ideals, the sermon urges colonists to unite as a “city on a hill” for others to look up to (Winthrop).
During the seventeen-century, there were different types religious based colonies. One was the Pilgrims and the others were the Puritans. Their believes were very different. They traveled to America during 1620 for a better life. They were many things that the Pilgrims and Puritans religious did to influence their settlement in North America.
William Penn wanted his colony of Pennsylvania to be a place for religious freedom. He did not want a focus on religion to be the main criteria for his government. “Penn’s Frame of Government prohibited swearing, drunkenness, and adultery, as well as popular entertainments…(Foner, 97).” Meaning that he focused more on public morality than religious morality. Many seeking religious freedom to practice would come to Pennsylvania.
The New Englanders took religion seriously, making unitary laws according to Puritan standards. John Winthrop, later chosen as the first Massachusetts Bay Colony governor, was seeking religious freedom. Wishing to inspire the colonists to dwell in brotherly unity, he summoned them together to remind them “that if we [colonists] shall deal falsely with our God in this work we have undertaken, and so cause Him to withdraw His present help from us, we shall be made a story and a by-word through the world.” On the other hand, those in the Chesapeake region came for the wealth that America promised. They were there to become prosperous or die trying.
While the Virginians were focused of making a profit of the land, the New England Puritans saw it as a refuge. The New England Puritans sought religious freedom for themselves in the “New World.” They compared themselves a lot to the Israelites and saw the new land as a “Promised Land.” Their attitude towards the land was that of respect, but they believed God wanted them to “use” the land.
The New England After a struggling start of the southern colony. There was a beginning to a new colony further north. Which was known as the New England. The New England that was started in the 1630 which was composed of people that were name puritans. This people called puritans would prosper through their hard work, thrift, and the quality of their commitment to God and each other.
William was an indubitable religious individual who physically attended church. William Bradford granted everybody in Plymouth religious flexibility. His understanding was different from John Smith due to, he cherish helping people. He had a tremendous relationship with the Native Americans since he got married and had a marriage feast. This was known as “The First Thanksgiving” which the Indians were affiliated and brought foods like deer and turkey.
A year after landing in Plymouth, Bradford was made governor and ruled for over 30 years. He based his laws and practices upon what Puritans believed; dependence on God for survival as well as a pure society, which England clearly lacked. (Wakesman) Bradford found that the non-Separatists on the Mayflower whom wanted to live according to themselves, was an issue for him (Bradford and Paget, 1998). Even though they had landed outside of the jurisdiction that Bradford and other leaders agreed upon with English investors, Bradford was still determined to pay back his debt and live as a puritan society. William Bradford was responsible for finding a source of income for members of the new founded colony to survive.
The settling of the Northern Colonies began with the arrival of the Pilgrims, or Puritan separatists, to Plymouth. The Massachusetts Bay Colony, led by John Winthrop, was formed shortly after and became known as the "Bible Commonwealth" for its large religious influence. However, religious tensions began to arise with dissidents like Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams. The Rhode Island Colony was formed as a haven for these dissenters and exiles, and it became known as being strongly liberal and individualistic. The third New England colony, Connecticut, was led by Thomas Hooker and was the first to establish a "modern constitution" through the Fundamental Orders.
As colonies developed in the Americas, various similarities emerged between them. In New England, this included a tendency to oppose control in religious and political aspects. Many colonies formed in the search for religious freedom; however, this was often seen as a threat to the king’s authority. Religious differences often created conflict between the colonies and royal control.
By the mid seventeenth century, England had secured its claim to several west indian islands. The colonies continued to develop between 1607 and 1754. In the Southern Colonies, religion was a big factor in the development of this colonial region because it impacted the political developments, affected the social developments, and lastly the religion sometimes varied with the development of the New England Colonies. Colonists in the southern territory were a mixture of religions including Baptist and Anglicans. The Southern Colonies consisted of Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.
Socially and culturally, the three groups of colonies grew to be completely different. The New England Colonies’ life was controlled by the Puritan religion. These colonies were not religiously tolerant even though its’ main reason for settlement