submitted a declaration estimating that 21,800 tons of chemical wastes had been buried in the Love Canal over the 11-year period.10 Based on that information, the list of chemicals that would be analyzed was tailored within the categories of contaminants.5 The categories included: volatiles, phenols, pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and inorganics.10 The chemical analyses of soil, air, and water (drinking water, surface water, groundwater, “sump” or basement water and in biological/microbial samples) samples of a specific sampling site determined what was present, its amount/concentration and the extent and means of the chemical migration from the landfill.5 The presence of of a contaminant does not always constitute action. The analysis of chemical migration, and certain chemical properties called for different actions. The quantification and analysis emphasized dioxins and PCBs. Dioxins, non-volatile organics, were found in the reduced in the soil with the highest concentration approximately 300 parts per billion (ppb) and in smaller concentrations in been found in leachate collected from remedial holding tanks, soil samples from the canal and backyards of nearby homes and sediment and marine life.10 The reduced form of dioxin binds so tightly to charged soil particles that it poses virtually no risk to leaching or mobility.2 Therefore the soil contaminated with
When the dump site was full the Hooker Electrical Company covered the area over with stone and clay. At the time the town of Niagara was booming and had grown to encompass the Love canal area. It wasn’t long before the town council and education board approached them to try and purchase the land for development purposes. At first the answer was no because it was known to be unsafe by the company. Eventually Hooker company sold it for $1 with a contract stating what the site contained and believing that any problems with the site would be passed onto the new owner within the boundaries without any possibility of legal action in the future.
Walgreens How did a neighborhood drugstore, founded in 1901 and measuring just 50 feet by 20 feet, become the pharmacy all others are measured by and one of the most respected American corporations? It would be impossible to tell the story of Walgreens drugstores without telling the story of Charles R. Walgreen, Sr. the man who started it all. Walgreen was born near Galesburg, Illinois, before his family relocated to Dixon, Illinois - a town 60 miles north of his birthplace - when his father, a farmer turned businessman, saw the great commercial potential of the Rock River Valley. It was here that Walgreen, at the age of 16, had his first experience working in a drugstore, though it was far from a positive one. Working at Horton 's Drugstore
These trade boats came from Europe and now passed through Cleveland on their way down to the Gulf of Mexico polluting at every point along the journey. “In 1862, Congress passed the first of several railroad acts that would eventually connect the continent, lessening the need for rivers as a major mode of transportation within the commercial, public, and military sectors. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Navigation Data Center reported declining commercial traffic on many of the nation's waterways.” (Harlow ) Despite the railroad acts, influential business men
According to the History Channel, “By the late 19th century, the first monument built to honor those who died on prison ships-on Hudson Avenue in the Brooklyn neighborhood known as Vinegar Hill-had fallen into disrepair, and plans were made to build a new memorial in Brooklyn’s Fort Greene Park, a new public space designed by Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux. Funds were raised by the end of the century, and the architectural firm of McKim, Meade and White were commissioned to design the monument itself”In 1908, President William Howard Taft dedicated the Prison Ship Martyrs Monument, an obelisk standing some 150 feet high at the center of Fort Greene Park, on the former site of the Revolutionary War-era Fort Putnam. Beneath the monument was a crypt with 20 coffins containing bone fragments from the thousands who died on the Jersey and other prison
Fifty-two percent of all jail arrests in 2010 were linked to marijuana possession (ACLU). All states combined spent approximately 3.6 billion dollars enforcing marijuana possession laws in 2010, according to a new study by the American Civil Liberties Union, entitled “The War On Marijuana In Black and White.” (Huffington Post). Statistics show that over twenty billion dollars will be spent on marijuana law enforcement in the next few years. Additionally, states in America pay at the minimum seven hundred fifty dollars for each arrest involving marijuana. Taxpayers pay over fifteen billion dollars a year to house jail inmates arrested for marijuana
He had to hire white salesman and pretend to be their Native American assistant named “Big Chief” Mason in order to sell any (Olson 27). Garrett created a few other very important inventions before the gas mask, such as the hair straightener, which he created by accidently with a liquid he used to polish needles that he found out could completely straighten the hair (“Garrett A Morgan” 1). After he invented the gas mask, he created the three-signal traffic light, which he patented in 1923. He created the light after he witnessed a deadly accident with a vehicle and a horse and carriage (McCree 4) Garrett developed glaucoma and died on July 27, 1963 shortly before the anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation, in which he was eagerly awaiting to attend (Chamberlain
Chicago saw a noteworthy ascent in brutal crime beginning in the late 1960s. Murders in the city initially topped in 1974, with 970 killings when the city's populace was more than three million, bringing about a murder rate of around 29 for each 100,000, and again in 1992, with 943 homicides when the city had less than three
Example: In the following study, over 40 years of follow up, the annual mortality rate from CHD was 572 per 100 000 in non-smokers, and 892 per 100 000 in smokers. For lung cancer the figures were 14 and 209, respectively. So the attributable risk of CHD related to smoking was 320 (892−572) per 100 000 compared with 195 (209−14) per 100 000 for lung cancer. These figures are the excess numbers of deaths (per 100 000) in
German scientists like Albert Einstein, Neils Bohr, and Ernest Rutherford were the first to aid in splitting the uranium atom that was necessary in creating the atomic bomb. These scientist were Jews, therefore during the Holocaust, they had to flee from Germany to America. The American scientists, many of whom came from fascist regimes in Europe, organized a project to exploit the new fission process for military purposes. This took place in 1939 when a conference between Enrico Fermi and the Navy Department was arranged. By the summer of 1939, Albert Einstein presented to Pres.
When he found the gold, he was working to build a water-powered sawmill owned by John Sutter. They tried not to tell anybody but word got out very quickly. In December 1848, President James Polk announced during a speech that there was more gold in California than people had previously thought. Miners came by the thousands across land, and sea to find the gold and the journeys that