The man most responsible for Wilson’s downfall, Senator Lodge of Massachusetts played the president in a game of cat-and-mouse until nothing remained of the League of Nations. As chairman of the Senate’s Committee on Foreign Relations, Lodge was first to review the Treaty of Versailles before the Senate. Known as the “scholar of Washington” prior to Wilson’s arrival, Lodge engaged in an intense partisan rivalry with the Wilson, he the politician with a PhD from Harvard and Wilson the president with a PhD from Princeton. Lodge started his plan in 1919 when the treaty first came to the Senate’s Committee on Foreign Relations. Carefully examining the treaty word for word for controversial material that would disagree with the American people Lodge intentionally postponed the scheduling of the treaty hearing, and had the treaty read aloud over and over again by the Senate to
In Jackson’s time as general, he was part of the Burr conspiracy, which almost ruined his entire military career. Aaron Burr was the vice-president for President Thomas Jefferson. Burr said he had a plan to make the Spanish go to the Southwest, away from the American frontier. However, Jackson was a nationalist and did not care for international law. Therefore, Jackson turned down Burr’s plan.
Making James Madison the forth President of the United States. During his term Madison repealed the Embargo Act. This did not improve the relationship between the United States and Great Britain, they continued to deteriorate. During this time a group of men who called for war against Great Britain formed. They were known as the Warhawks.
Without the involvement of Congress, the executive branch could possibly abuse its power and make poor decisions, especially during wars. The sharpest conflict between the president and Congress has to be their partial overlapping of the powers on military affairs. While Congress can declare war and raise funds for the military, the president as the commander in chief has “the power to repel sudden attacks” (587). Thus, there were too many cases of the president sending troops out without approval from Congress. Ironically, Congress has only used its power of declaring war five times.
They felt like the Allies had forced it upon them. They called it a dictated peace - ‘Diktat’. This was partially true; Germany had been allowed no negotiation and the Allies had given the German government five days to accept the treaty, and if they refused to do so, they threatened to invade Germany and go to war again. Many Germans would have preferred to fight the Allies and for this reason, those who signed the Treaty of Versailles became known as the November Criminals. However, it was clear that they had no choice; Germany was obviously incapable of undergoing more war.
Subsequently, not being satisfied with the actions that were being taken by President Dwight David Eisenhower’s administration, in the 1960s presidential election, the American electorate elected President John Fitzgerald Kennedy, a first-term Senator from Massachusetts over the incumbent Vice President of the United States of America under President Dwight David Eisenhower: Vice President Richard Milhous Nixon. A lecture from POSC 458 - the Vietnam Wars seems to indicate that Vice President Richard Milhous Nixon’s poor performance in the first televised presidential debates could have been just as consequential if not more, than a rejection of President Dwight David Eisenhower’s policies towards the Vietnam War by the voters as television
Their job was to decide if any measure of the New Deal did not agree with the American Constitution so it could be denied. Since they were Republican, they had a natural resentment at the New Deal and found the NIRA and the AAA (Agricultural Adjustment Agency) unconstitutional. After his second election, Roosevelt made some bad, public decisions like trying to ‘pack the court’ by attempting to appoint six judges who would vote in his favour. Interestingly, the Supreme Court voted in favour of some policies of the New Deal like pensions in the Social Security Act. There was minor opposition from within the Democratic Party as well.
The Radical Republicans disapproved the Ten Percent Plan. The 1864 Wade-Davis Bill was much more harsher than the Ten Percent Plan because it laid out more sets of requirements for the Confederate sates to reenter the Union. It stated that 50% of the state’s voting population must swear loyalty to the nation, the state would have to abolish slavery, and all the Confederate officials are banned from serving in the new state government. Lincoln disapproved the bill and pocket-vetoed
Robert A. Taft, a Republican Conservative from Ohio and a United States Senator from 1939 until his death in 1953. Taft spoke out against a verdict he believed to be an act of vengeance that compromised the American and European Justice Systems. After the president’s death, Robert led the Conservative Coalition’s efforts to curb the power of labor unions. He was named “Mr. Republican,” despite being known for breaking party lines on issues such as education, housing, health, and other welfare measures.
Andrew Jackson has recently become the focus of controversy in the discussion to place the portrait of an American woman on U.S. currency. Rather than place her on the proposed $10 bill -- replacing Alexander Hamilton -- many people wish for Andrew Jackson 's image to be replaced instead, due to his controversial role in many areas of American political history during his tenure as President. Andrew Jackson was the seventh President of the United States, elected by popular vote, and served from March 4, 1829 to March 4, 1837. His presidency was based on the common man principles and he favored limited government. During his presidency, Andrew Jackson stirred up controversy with his decision on the Indian Removal Act.
In the summer of 1864, the Radical Republicans passed a new bill to counter the plan, known as the Wade–Davis Bill. These radicals believed that Lincoln 's plan was too lenient, and this new bill would make readmission into the Union more difficult. The Bill stated that for a state to be readmitted, the majority of the state would have to take a loyalty oath, not just ten percent. Lincoln later pocket-vetoed this
The most heated arguments of Washington 's presidency revolved around the extent of presidential power. The first matter of debate centered around the president 's ability to remove as well as appoint appointees. The Congress was cautious and several members argued that while some powers could be securely entrusted to Washington, his predecessors might not be so honorable. James Madison, among others, disagreed. He reasoned that if the president did not have the power to remove appointees, without the consent of the Senate, they had the potential to serve for life, as the only other way of removing them was through the impeachment process.4 In the end, the independent removal power of the president passed the House, albeit
Many artisans, shopkeepers, and small famers claimed bankruptcy due to the restrictive nature of the embargo even though the commercial men supported republican ideals. In order to enforce the embargo acts, Jefferson forced a police state to control “disobeying” citizens. In fact, the president dispatched federal troops to overawe citizens of NY. During the beginning of Jefferson’s first term; the president slashed the size of the US army and retired naval warships by fifty percent, relying on state militias (Doc. H).