Wilson Model Of Information Behavior

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Wilson’s information behavior has been developed by Thomas Daniel Wilson in 1981. Then, there has been improvement and also a new model of information-seeking behavior in that particular year. Wilson information behavior model consist of 3 different kinds of model that he produced. There are:
 Wilson’s model of information behavior (1981)
 Wilson’s model of information-seeking behavior (1981)
 Wilson’s 1996 model of information behavior (1996)

3.1 Wilson’s Model of Information Behavior (1981)

Figure 1: Wilson’s model of information behavior.
Source: Wilson(1981), ©Emerald Insight.

The model is purposed to outline various of areas that covered information-seeking behavior as an alternative to the common information needs (Wilson,1981).
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Thus, in order to satisfy that need, they need to make demands on information systems or by demands on other information sources which be lead to the result of success or maybe failure in getting the relevant information needed. If successful, the user then will make use of the information gathered and may either fully or just practically satisfy with the information or, if the information is failed to satisfy the user, they need to restart the process from the start again.
The model were also shows that in the process of information-seeking behavior, they might need to involved with other people through information exchange and maybe the information gathered from other people can be used thus, useful and can be passed to other people, as well as being used instead being used only by herself or
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A number of factors that affect information behavior emerge from these Wilson’s models:
1. Context: The environment in which an information actor (any of the parties involved in information or communication behavior) operates. This includes location, social influences, culture, activity-related and work-related factors, finances and technology. As an umbrella term, context may also be taken to include personal factors: demographics, expertise and psychological factors, which are defined below.
2. Demographics: An information actor’s age, sex, ethnicity, socio-economic status etc.
3. Expertise: An information act as knowledge, education, training and experience relevant specialization in education, a career or interest and career stage.
4. Psychological factors: An information actor’s personality and mental processes
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