Both of theses made the journey longer and costed some people their lives. These count as trials because they gave Ulysses problems after finally being slayed. This novel has an intriguing crisis point where there is almost no hope remaining for the hero. The crisis happens when the crew eat Hyperion, The God of the Sun’s cattle. Hyperion, almost as if he were waiting for the crew to fill themselves up, immediately rushes to complain to Zeus, The King of the Gods and The God of the Sky.
Modern literary scholars of The Odyssey have argued that Odysseus is a hero. Although closer perlustration shows that he is not a hero because he came back from war with no men, he’s selfish, a hypocrite, and he killed innocent people. The Odyssey tells the story of Odysseus and his journey to and from the Trojan War. And the story of his family and their life in Odysseus’s absence. Odysseus is selfish and hypocritical person, after twenty-years of being at war he expects to walk in like he has never left.
The consequence of his decision is that shortly after Polyphemus devours most of his men but this bolsters him to conjure a plan to escape. After he successfully exits the cave by blinding the cyclopes, he and his surviving men board the ship. As a result of his pride, he calls out to the monster, "If anyone asks who put out your eye, tell them it was Odysseus of Ithaca!”(Hinds 109). Considering the fact Polyphemus is the son of Poseidon, the cyclops calls out to him and therefore starts the troublesome voyage for Odysseus back home. When he returns to Ithaca he learns to control his hubris by replacing it with patience.
The great Kyklopês, Polyphemus, is only one of the many monsters he had to face. After 10 years at war with Troy, over the beautiful Helen, Odysseus and his men are heading home. Looking for rest, they moor on Kyklopês Island where 12 men and Odysseus come upon the dwelling of Polyphemus. Odysseus’ sharp wit allows them to escape the brute’s cave, but his pride and actions incur the wrath of Poseidon. Despite the fact that Odysseus can be arrogant, he is also incredibly clever and resourceful.
“The one in the grave before her death, the other, dead, denied the grave. This is your crime.” (scene 5 lines 80-83). Tragically, Creon did not change his mind until it was too late. Finally, he realized, “the laws of the gods are mighty, and a man must serve them to the last day of his life!” He intended to free Antigone, but in the vault, Antigone committed suicide and Haimon followed. When Creon’s wife heard her son was dead, she killed herself as well.
Beware of the Sirens, Scylla, and Charybdis A Greek poet named Homer wrote a famous epic poem called The Odyssey. The epic poem was about a brave lord, Odysseus, and his men encountering a few arduous obstacles during their journey back to Ithaca. In Book 12, “Beware of the Sirens, Scylla, and Charybdis,” translated by Robert Fitzgerald, Odysseus has to make a difficult decision about losing all his men to Charybdis’ whirlpool or only six to Scylla’s ferocious head. This story can relate to the poem, “The Sirens,” written by James Russell Lowell. Both men being compelled by sirens’ singing.
Until the Rutulians saw “the tawny eagle of Jupiter in the red sky morning…seized a noble swan in his pitiless talons…and [with] the weight of his prey…[dropped] it out of its talons into the river” (book 12, 271). They took this as an omen from Jupiter to continue the battle with the Trojans. It was the once again the gods who set the actions of men back on tract to fulfill their needs. During the fight a spear hit Aeneas giving him a wound that his healer could not fix. He shouldn’t have been able to go back on the battlefield to fight and kill Turnus, but his mother, Venus, saved him.
“If I kill him we perished there as well, for we could never move his ponderous doorway slab aside. So we left to groan and wait till morning” (Homer 250). This explains how the journey matters more than the destination because in life a person has to take choices to stay alive. In the poem The Cyclops Odysseus made a choice not to kill the caveman and wait to see what he had to
Possibly the most memorable quote is when Odysseus reveals his name to Polyphemus after having stabbed the cyclops in its eye. This shows Odysseus’s arrogance, and sets up the whole story for the rest of his conflicts. “When they had made fast the running gear all along the black ship, then they set up the mixing bowls, filling them brimful with wine, and poured to the gods immortal and everlasting but beyond all other gods they poured to Zeus’ gray-eyed daughter” (Book 2, 430-433). This was when Telemachus was leaving Ithaca to go to Pylos and see Nestor. They made an offering to Athena, ironically while she was in the ship disguised as Mentor.
During Odysseus’ decade-long journey to his home, he encounters many forms of suffering, the most prevalent being transformative in nature. Transformative suffering, which is typically caused by mortals, themselves, alters a mortal being; albeit physically, mentally, or emotionally. In the first few years of his journey, Odysseus suffers the loss of much of his crew. He loses men while plundering a small island; he loses some to the lotus esters; and a few to Polyphemus. Throughout all these sufferings, Odysseus learns that he should listen to the advice of others; thus, transforming him mentally and emotionally through these sufferings.
That’s just one of the ways he shows that he’s set his sights on getting home. Later on in the book nine, he’s in a difficult situation; the Cyclops and it’s eating all of his men. But, Odysseus is so determined to get home he gives the one-eyed beast a big bowl of wine. Odysseus thought to himself “...no one turned away when cups of this came round” (899). Meaning that no turns away some good alcohol.
Many of the crew members were invited in the palace for some food and drinks. However, this food was drugged and turned the men into swine. One of Odysseus’ men decided to stay outside of the palace while the others went in. This man went back to tell Odysseus of what had happened. On the way to the palace, Odysseus met Hermes, the messenger god, who gave the hero a gift: “Hermes gave Odysseus an herb to counteract the effects of Circe’s drug.
He ripped the dagger clean out of his flesh and swung it wildly at the ugly, fat man. After some “friendly discussions” between Jag, the Captain and the floor board with an odd Jag shaped dent, Jag would come to “accept” the terms of living on the ship, the S.S. Crestfalls. Time would pass, month would turn into years and Jag slowly grew under the watchful eyes of Lightfang. Though these memories are just a mixed of hard work, getting the living shit kicked out of him and more hard work, there are some fond memories of Lightfang. These came in the form of the stories that Lightfang would tell.
The Odyssey is an epic poem about a Greek warrior named Odysseus, trying to get home to his wife Penelope and his son Telemachus after fighting in the Trojan War. It takes him 20 years to get home because he made the god of the sea, Poseidon, mad at him by stabbing his son in the eye, who is a cyclops. While he and his men are trying to get home they go through many problems on their journey like getting trapped on an island, fighting monsters and also, almost losing their minds. Some people think Odysseus is a hero but he’s not, people forget that he got all his men killed and he also cheated on his wife with a goddess named Calypso for seven years and with a witch named Circe for one yea. He also massacred one-hundred men granted they were
2. What are some of the major issues that Alexander the Great faced when he ascended the throne after his father 's death? How did Alexander handle these issues? Some of the issues Alexander the Great faced when he became a king, was some of the Greek cities did not want him as king and decide to doubt him. He proofed them wrong by setting a harsh example for them, he attacked the accent city of Thebes and then sold more than twenty thousand Thebans to slavery and killed six thousand of them.