A single-event trauma is the result of exposure to a single traumatic event, for example, a terrorist attack or single event in war. Where as Chronic trauma happens when an individual experiences multiple traumatic instances. This form of trauma can be a longstanding event such as reoccurring physical or sexual abuse, neglect or combat experience. Chronic trauma can also result from a buildup of multiple traumatic experiences throughout one 's
H. P. Lovecraft once said “the oldest and strongest emotion of mankind is fear, and the oldest and strongest kind of fear is fear of the unknown”. He is implying that one may fear the thought of change but is tired of one's old way of living. Many people can feel trapped and buried with tradition, emotions, and general way of life. Many people are scared of change but do not feel like it will be a positive change. An individual can be overwhelmed by tradition and may crave for change.
Traumatic memories have been a subject of debate for the last century. The American Psychiatric Association defines trauma as “an event or events that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others.” The term “trauma theory” first appears in Cathy Caruth's Unclaimed Experience: Trauma , Narrative and History she explains that, “trauma is not locatable in the simple violent or original event in an individual's past, but rather in the way its very unassimilated nature — the way it was precisely not known in the first instance — returns to haunt the survivor later on (4)”. Bessel A. Van Der Kolk has observed that traumatic memories may be encoded differently than memories for ordinary
The Trauma, Individual and Collective The concept of trauma driven from ancient Greek, which is meaning 'wound ', in the contemporary the term usually used in medical and psychiatric literature. However, the pain or wound that inflicted upon the mind known as trauma. Ron Eyerman argues that the physical wound cannot be regarded as trauma, because, the trauma is wound that inflicted by emotional shock so powerful that it breaches mind 's experience of time, self and world. The trauma usually appears itself in the dream and flashback, and in this circumstances, the victim became traumatise, the actual trauma itself is not only harmful to the victim, but also it repression of the victim 's memory which brings forth the symptoms (2013.42).
The texts that will be analysed and discussed within this essay are The Pleasure Pilgrim (1895) by Amy D’Arcy and The Yellow Drawing Room (1892) by Mona Caird. Both of the texts centre the modern New Woman figure as their protagonist which creates juxtaposition with the traditionally patriarchal male character. D’Arcy and Caird write from the perspective of a masculine narrative voice; Caird in the first person and D’Arcy in the third person. However, both characters are speaking reflectively and the impression is gained that the events depicted haunt their minds due to the cognitive dissonance occurring; as their traditional ideas about gender roles are challenged by the unusually and uncharacteristically unique women that they meet. During the course of this essay the form with which the New Women
In The Empire of Trauma, Dider Fassin and Richard Rechtman analyze the history of trauma and how the notion of trauma became recognized by society. They assess how trauma was constructed by society and the ways in which it became accepted. One of their main goals is understanding how the doubt and suspicion around trauma shifted to a notion that was understood. This understanding included a need for psychological care and empathy to treat the psychologically wounded victims. This is apparent at every event that is categorized as traumatic because psychiatrists and psychologists are always present to offer assistance in situations of violence and threat.
Cultural Studies Approach The short story “The Hand” shows the emotional ride of a new bride addressing the feelings of her new life and new husband. The initial approach of a first time reader may find this story confusing, as they sit inside the mind of the bride. Further breaking down the reading through a critical reading strategy allows the story to be viewed in a specific way, thus making it easier to understand. Looking at the short story “The Hand”, the characters desires, behaviors, and emotions can be analyzed through a cultural studies lens.
The name of the group I attended was the two for one group at the Suburban Club. The Suburban Club is located at 2002 East Main Street, Chattanooga, TN 37404. I attend this open discussion meeting on February 3 with Alison and Emily; the meeting time was 5:30 PM. The meeting demographic was diverse. The socioeconomic status of the group appeared to range from poor/working class to middle/business class.
In this week 's reading, the texts that stood out to me would have to be the article “In Defense of Literary Adaptation and Cultural Production” and the X-files Frankenstein adaptation “The Postmodern Prometheus”. The latter being the first X-Files episode I ever watched, suffice to say it was an interesting adaptation. Being a sociology major, after watching the episode and then reading the article I genuinely became intrigued with literary interpretation through generations. As I’ve learned in previous classroom settings storytelling was brought to life for multiple reasons. The most prominent reason which comes to mind would be the spread of cultural knowledge whether it be language, rituals, education, entertainment, or warnings of past
Prior to the session, I was apprehensive towards my decision making, due to my previous session. I recapped my goals: accepting the silence, and trying not to lead the discussion, really focusing on the speakers’ responses instead of my own. This reflection will be a response to the progress made in these two specific areas, along with new realizations and observations from the second session. The beginning of the second session began fairly quickly, Abbey walked in, sat on the floor and poured her coffee into her mug, I moved my pillow and notebook to the floor and flowed into discussion, I began the conversation with the phrase “so how’s it going”.