Hitler was the main aggressor during 1939 who everyone appeased to, who is infamously known for his rise to power, his persecution of Jews, and his attacks on the world to dominate, that killed so many. Neville Chamberlain, the British Prime Minister, believed in the policy of appeasement and appeased Hitler at the Munich Conference which eventually lead to the start of World War II. The Western Powers responded to aggression with appeasement, and in 1939 the world was plunged into World War II, proving to the world that collective security is a better response to aggression.
He was a British politician, military officer and writer who served as the prime minister of Great Britain from 1940 to 1945 and from 1951 to 1955. Churchill served in the British Army and worked as a writer before earning his election to Parliament in 1900. After becoming prime minister in 1940, Churchill helped lead a successful Allied strategy with the U.S. and Soviet Union during World War II to defeat the Axis powers and craft post-war peace. Elected as prime minister again in 1951, he introduced key domestic reforms. Winston Churchill gave his speech during the time of WWII.
Just weeks later, with France in the midst of a Nazi invasion and British forces surrounded at Dunkirk, a decision had to be made: would the British reach a peace settlement with Hitler as suggested by Foreign Secretary Viscount Halifax and Neville Chamberlain, the leader of the Tories, or would the British stand and fight to the death as proposed by Winston Churchill? As we now know, the British decided to go with their new Prime Minister and continued to fight. Prior rips into Chamberlain for his wishes to make a peace settlement when he was Prime Minister, saying that Chamberlain’s belief that the British could reach a negotiated agreement with the Nazis showed an incomprehension of the enemy on Chamberlain’s behalf. Prior goes on to give strong, but fair praise to Churchill for how he handled his first days as Prime Minister. He was constantly being undermined by Halifax, who was working for intervention from the Italians for a peace settlement, even after it was becoming increasingly clear that the Italians would join sides with the Nazis.
He prepared day and night making sure that Britain won the war against Germany. War is better than peace at determining who is the group, what are its boundaries, and what it stands for. Churchill was a soldier who became prime
Churchill begins by giving context to the previous happenings of the war, in order to allow people to grasp the power of the German forces when it comes to invasion. Churchill states that “there has never been a period… of which we boast when an absolute guarantee against invasion… could’ve been given to our people”. One can’t be too overconfident about guarantees, because there is always a chance attached to them. However, Churchill reassures that the British naval and air powers can be exercised through preparation against “every kind of novel stratagem and every kind of brutal and treacherous maneuver”. These words
Through the organization by the British Red Cross and St. John of Jerusalem, voluntary aid was given to the soldiers who returned from the war as injured combatants. Nurses tended to their wounds in mansions that converted into an at home hospitals for the military casualties. Nurses experienced traumatic events while tending to the injured soldiers on the home front; but the nurses located on the war front experienced different tragedies. The nurses who aided injured soldiers in the war carried admirable qualities and the general public viewed these ladies as sentimental heroines. Due to the nurturing nature of nurses, these roles seemed fit for women as opposed to the munitions worker girls. Feminist icon Edith Cavell served as a professional
For this reason, unlike Roosevelt, Churchill does not reflect back what is happening in the world. Berlin claims, “Rather, he creates one of such power and coherence that it becomes a reality and alters the external world by imposing upon it with irresistible force” (559). Churchill is not a leader that is a reflection of the current times and where society seems to be headed. Instead, he meditates and draws within himself and creates his own ideas (that are so powerful that they become reality).
He helped develop a strategy for defeating Germany in Europe through a series of invasions, first in North Africa in November 1942, then Sicily and Italy in 1943, followed by the D-Day invasion of Europe in 1944. At the same time, Allied forces were set back Japan in Asia and the eastern Pacific. During this time, Roosevelt also helped create the formation of the United Nations. “The point in history at which we stand is full of promise and danger. The world will either move forward toward unity and widely shared prosperity - or it will move apart”.
This was the first time that another leader called out the Soviet Union for being a threat to the European values and it was labeled “The Iron Curtain Speech”. Churchill understood that even though the war was over the west could not just let the Soviet Union attempt to destroy the European way of life and that he could not sit by and let them just try to put a stronghold on Europe by spreading communism. He refused to let this happen even if he was worn out from WWII, he couldn’t be complacent and he fought back and never let up and pushed his allied nations to help protect the ones who needed it the
He was able to inspire hope in people through allusions and comparisons to the past. He was able to inspire confidence and fortitude by giving people the honest situation at hand using logos. And he was able to deliver his main message of strength and readiness by constantly referring to it within his speech. Churchill’s speech wen t down in history, not because he said what the people wanted to hear, but because he said what the people needed to hear. His honesty and rhetoric made “Their Finest Hour” one of the most crucially important and greatest speeches of the Second World War if not the past
When Germany started to threaten the U.S’s Allies, America had no choice but to step in. The Invasion of Normandy on 6 June 1944, also known as Operation OVERLORD, took place because Germany invaded and captured France. Britain was worried that they were next, so actions to prevent this was taken. Important leaders that were in command and helped plan or take action were General Eisenhower, who later becomes president, was the commander of Operation Overlord, Army commander General Bradley and Army General George Patton. Important Naval officers was British Admiral Ramsay who planned Operation Neptune, which was the naval element of Operation Overlord.
In 1939, war broke out between two forces, the Axis and the Allies. The Axis included the countries Germany, Italy, and Japan, but this alliance was more of a political relationship. Those included in the Allies alliance were the US, France, Britain, and the Soviet Union. Their relationship in a way was political, but they could depend on the other states in the Allies group whenever they need help. Germany attacked Poland, however President Roosevelt didn’t pay any attention to it until Germany’s leader, Adolf Hitler, encouraged Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor.
The USSR had a major advantage in this war; their ability to quickly produce war materials and large amount of manpower. In November 1943, Joseph Stalin, Winston Churchill, and Franklin D. Roosevelt met in Iran to discuss Stalin’s demand of opening a second front in Europe. Stalin feared the pressure the Red Army was under would create an attack opportunity for the Axis powers. Churchill and Roosevelt argued with Stalin that dropping troops behind enemy lines in West Europe would be too great of a risk. Joseph Stalin was ready to leave the Allies, but word of Operation Overlord convinced him to stay, hoping it would give him the second front he desired for his troops.