Many regard the publishing of this book as the event that founded Wicca. In this book Gardner called himself a witch and claimed to have been initiated into the Craft in 1939 by Old Dorothy Clutterbuck from the New Forest Coven. Gardner claimed that his Book of Shadows came to him in a fragmentary form and had to be supplemented with other material to fill in the gaps and to make it workable. His obvious influences were Aleister Crowley and the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, Margaret Murray and her books The Witch Cult in Western Europe and The God of the Witches, Charles Godfrey Leland and his book Aradia: Gospel of the Witches, along with his knowledge of ceremonial magic and masonry.
MasterFILE Elite. Web. 29 Oct. 2015. “Witchcraft and Magic in the Nordic Middle Ages” provides information on the amount of witchcraft that was in the middle ages. The main purpose of this article was to explain how and why witchcraft was important at this time.
Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2002. Print. This book offers scholars observations of Arthurian legend in Contemporary America. This is a collection of essays that discuss the popularity of Arthurian legends in contemporary American culture beyond film and literature.
Just as the Wars of Religion could have spawned the witch hunt across the Atlantic Ocean, Stanislav Andreski, as referenced by Jensen, thoroughly argues that the New England Witch hunts were initiated by the syphilitic shock from the 16th to 18th centuries. The scapegoat theory above relies on the idea of an disruption in society to introduce the alienation of groups, which this shock unquestionably does. An epidemic disease would have without doubt instilled fear into the colonists, especially due to their lack of knowledge about as well as the means to treat the disease. Finally, Andreski argues that the “sexual depravity” inherently associated with the spread of sexually transmitted diseases further ties the syphilitic shock to the pursuit of witches.
223. http://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2005.066654 Accessed March 14, 2018 Mullin, Molly H. Culture in the Marketplace: Gender, Art, and value in the American Southwest. (Duke University Press, 2001) 24.
The dissertation will be divided into three parts. In the first part, the author analyzes "long-term" and "middle-term" factors to re-produce the historical vision of early modern Europe. The analysis focuses on the social context of witch-hunt including the living environment of Western Europe in sixteenth and seventeenth centuries (geographical and climatic factors), social life (economic change the political turbulence) and the mentality of early modern Europe (cosmology, death and
Muhlhausen, David B. "The Death Penalty Deters Murder." The Ethics of Capital Punishment,edited by Christine Watkins, Greenhaven Press, 2011. At Issue. Opposing Viewpoints inContext, Microsoft Academic. Spangenberg, Robert L., and Elizabeth R. Walsh.
Both ‘The Chrysanthemums’ (by John Steinbeck from California, United States of America) and ‘Boys and Girls’ (by Alice Munro from Ontario, Canada) were stories made in the twentieth century, while ‘Young Goodman Brown” (by Nathaniel Hawthorne from Massachusetts, United States of America) was written during the ninetieth century. Evidently, the time by which the stories were written is extremely relevant because they provide an idea of what was the environment by which the author was composing. For instance, Nathaniel Hawthorne lived in Salem, the famous city of witches. This suggests the reader that Hawthorne had lived in the location where the witch trials were made. The author explicitly describes Satanism and witchcraft in ‘Young Goodman Brown’, for example: “Let us hear which will laugh loudest.
Title: How the Red Scare Relates to “The Crucible” Red scare formed in 1919 the climax of the Red scare is when the conflict between the Soviet Union and the United states intensifies During the late 1940’s and early 1950’s. It caused the Americans thinking that the communists are a big Threat to them. The United States took actions to prevent the red scare taking over the United States which caused McCarthyism to form. McCarthyism is a practice of false accusations without any proof.
During 16th century Europe, the witch craze was at its peak and there were several factors that increased prosecutions of witches at that time. On major contribution to the witch craze was the Protestant reformation (1517-1648). This religious movement had a great impact to European culture and it also made a great impact on how many people could read the bible. Before, only those who were educated could read the bible, but with missionaries spreading the word of the bible, more and more people became aware of the presence of Satan (Groovy Historian, March, 2015). The printing press was a major influence at the time, literature of all kinds of subjects were being printed and making books more available for the common folks.
CJ Canale Mrs. Cheney English III/ Per 3 December 5, 2015 The Crucible – Historical Witch Hunts A witch-hunt is the act of unfairly looking for and punishing people who are accused of having opinions that are believed to be dangerous or evil. The topic of this research paper is McCarthyism and how it affected Arthur Miller and others in the 1950s and how the events compare to the events in his play The Crucible.
Witchcraft is defined as the practice of magic, especially black magic; the use of spells and the invocation of spirits. In June 1648 Margret Jones, a midwife from Charlestown was indicted and found guilty for witchcraft and hung on a tree. She was the first individual to be executed for witchcraft in Massachusetts Bay Colony. John Winthrop recorded the evidence in his journal during her trial in which states, “Her behavior at her trial was very intemerate, lying notoriously, and railing upon the jury and witnesses, etc., and in the like distemper she died. My view on the evidence used in the Margret Jones case is that the evidence is non-valid because there is no reasonable evidence to lead to a logical conviction.