Similar to Odysseus and Achilles of the Homeric Epics, Fa Mu Lan symbolizes the highest valued traits of her respective culture, namely bravery, leadership, courageousness, and even, mercy, despite ruthlessness towards one’s enemies. Whether Fa Mu Lan truly embodies her culture though, unlike the Greek warriors, is ambiguous. Though Mu Lan clearly represents the prized traits of Chinese culture, as a woman it is uncertain whether she truly represents them within the context of said culture. As Kingston describes it “There is a Chinese word for the female I-which is slave” (Kingston, 36). In Chinese culture, as Kingston demonstrates with this quote, women are expected to be subservient and meek, quite the opposite of Fa Mu Lan.
Amy Tan 's third novel, The Hundred Secret Senses and her next work, The Bonesetter 's Daughter, also weave mysterious ghost stories with women 's life experiences. In both novels, ghosts represent the haunting past and the cultural memory of the immigrant sisters and mothers, waiting to be remembered and then exorcised. The Hundred Secret Senses starts with the claim that "My sister Kwan believes she has yin eyes" (3), a key sentence of this novel. The narrator Olivia, is half Chinese and half Caucasian. Kwan, her half sister from China, talks about ghosts all the time, especially the story of the loyal maid, the warlord, and the unfortunate lovers, Miss Banner and half-breed Johnson.
The novel is divided into five chapters, each one has its own story and narrative. The first one is titled “No Name Women”. This chapter of the novel discusses the story of the forgotten aunt, the one that shall not be named .Kingston’s mother tells her this story in order to warn her about the consequences of doing something that might bring shame to herself and her family. The aunt was a married woman whose husband has left long time ago and left her behind. One day the aunt discovers that she is pregnant and that she is carrying an illegitimate child.
The rise of Confucian values in imperial China led to the segmentation of gender in terms of yin and yang. Women were equated with a soft and passive yin, and men were associated with a dominating and assertive yang (Hong 25-27). The theory of yin and yang that dominated the writing of the period conceptualized a natural division between men and women, which supported a sense of segregation between men and women (Holmgren 27). In Images of Women, Meng Zi’s mother was quoted: “That is to say, a woman should not determine affairs for herself but instead, should be guided by the three followings: When young, she follows her father and mother; when she enters into marriage, she follows her husband; when her husband passes away, she follows her son. This is proper decorum,” (Wang Robin
Maxine’s mother, Brave Orchid, tells her many stories in her native tongue, Chinese, and these stories show patriarchal interdictions and warnings. Because traditional Chinese culture is very patriarchal women became silent and voiceless in their lives. In the stories Maxine hears from a young age she realises this and as she gets older she
“Trickster nymphs… ruthless goddesses, and… world-uprooting mothers” (15). Greek mythology is filled with characters who exemplify the connection of power and femininity. In Salvage the Bones, Jesmyn Ward emphasizes this connection through the thoughts and experiences of the protagonist, a teen girl named Esch. Esch has grown up in a male-dominated environment; her mother and grandmother both passed away when she was young, leaving her without any influential women in her life. Consequently, Esch looks to the heroines in the stories of Greek mythology to stand in and act as her female role models.
In this supernatural thriller, you’ll be taken along as Cera recounts her experiences in her memoir of how she discovered that the women in her mama’s family lineage were actually a long line of witches responsible for the protection of her new home and community. As Cera writes she will explain to you how her honest curiosity along with her rebellious, down-to-earth nature quickly got her into more than she could handle, mentally and physically, as she uncovers the many deep and well-hidden layers in her relationships with her mother and grandmother. Synopsis:
“The Eastern allusion bit me again” said Jane. This quote is taken from Charlotte Brontë’s novel Jane Eyre first published in 1847.The story follows Jane, the heroine, through her journey from childhood to her journey to adulthood, where she falls in love with the Byronic hero Mr. Rochester. This essay aims to discuss the various Eastern allusions found within the novel. These eastern allusions are discussed in terms of orientalism and specifically how Jane relates with the “other” which is sometimes problematic. The novel can be read in a feministic or post-colonial manner.
The Woman Warrior is a “memoir of a girlhood among ghosts” in which Maxine Hong Kingston recounts her experiences as a second generation immigrant. She tells the story of her childhood by intertwining Chinese talk-story and personal experience, filling in the gaps in her memory with assumptions. The Woman Warrior dismantles the archetype of the typical mother-daughter relationship by suggesting that diaspora redefines archetypes by combining conflicting societal norms. A mother’s typical role in a mother-daughter relationship is one of guidance and leadership. Parents are responsible for teaching a child right from wrong and good from evil.
The production of Smart People uses specific acting choices to convey certain messages to the audience and only enhance the overall meaning of the play. In Smart People, Ginny, a Chinese-Japanese-American individual, uses prominent choices when conveying messages about racism in the Asian-American culture. Her use of different vocal mannerisms helps to create her character and her ensemble powerfully heightens the character of who she is trying to deliver. The manner at which Ginny carries herself and her use of vocal inflections only support the theme of identity in racism. Throughout the production of Smart People, all characters possess specific qualities in order to communicate their message to the audience.