Introduction Saudi Arabia is a resourceful country. Saudi Arabia is a country in the Middle East bordering the Persian Gulf and Red Sea. Extensive coastlines provide leverage on shipping, especially crude oil, through the Persian Gulf and Suez Canal. Neighboring countries include Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. The geography of Saudi Arabia is primarily desert with rugged mountains in the southwest.
Historically, Muslim Arab women participated in all aspects of life politically, socially, and economically, as is briefly discussed in the section on women’s education. Having grown up in Saudi society, it is clear that women’s training and education “ensure that at every level of competence and leadership there will be a place for them that is inferior and subordinate to the positions of men” (Smith, 1987, p.34). This is what’s called “glass ceiling” and it pertains to many Arab Muslim societies as well as some Western societies. A study of women and education in Saudi Arabia must take into account social and political events in recent years: Saudi Arabia was formally proclaimed a country only 70 years ago. Since that proclamation, many unique changes have taken place (Yamani, 1996, p.265).
The author identifies beliefs and stereotypes as main causes. According to this article, social and religious beliefs make women rely heavily on men for their basic everyday survival. For instance, every woman in Saudi Arabia has a male guardian who could be their father or brother with legal power, from whom a woman needs permission to travel, get a job, go to school or seek medical advice. The article also explains that a woman in Saudi Arabia depends on him for money and housing, and because of the driving ban means that she will need someone to drive her around when going anywhere be it to the grocery store or to visit a friend. The also explain that Saudi Arabian women, until recently, were not allowed to vote, participate in any political matters or even have parliamentary
The Literature Review The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is the largest country in the Middle East. It is ruled by the Al Saud family since 1932. The military service has been improved since 2003, when Saudi Arabia developed a relationship with America and Korea to coach the soldiers and teach them new techniques. Unfortunately, Saudi Arabia did not apply the mandatory military service for all male citizens. Therefore, this study aims to seek the answer to the research question, should military service be mandatory for all male citizens of Saudi Arabia at age 18?
The Saudi’s want to be the next big expansion in the Middle East. When Alan reaches the “KING ABDULLAH ECONOMIC CITY: ONE MAN’S VISION, ONE NATION’S HOPE” he is shocked to see nothing but two buildings (pg. 40). The King in this case saw the impact Dubia had on the world and wants to bring that same paradise to his land. If he succeeds he can ensure a positive future for himself and would begin the global capitalism for the rest of Saudi Arabia.
Saudi Arabia is known for its aversion to outside influence due to their strong belief system and wide rejection for Westernization. (Giddens, 2000). However, Ahmed and Ishtiaq (2004) states that due to globalization, women in the middle east are now allowed to access German fashion products despite its strict dress code which consists of a black Abaya flowing from head to toe. Furthermore, Saudi Arabia has become the largest importer of German fashion products in the Middle East, transcending far more than a more liberal Dubai, UAE. (Henry and Springborg, 2001).
How? Because of my 15 years in Jeddah my dad taught me the basics and it helped me survive any intercultural communication with Arabs, Indians, Pakistanis, Lebanese, Syrians, and other foreign people that speak Arabic. Any OFW that works in Saudi Arabia know the basics in the ArabicGrowing Up in Saudi Arabia as a Filipino “It’s good that you can speak Tagalog” “Do Arabs or Arabians really have bad odor?” “What food do you eat there?” “Do you speak their Language?” These are some of the questions that I have answered from people I encounter whenever I tell them I grew up in Saudi Arabia. Whenever people ask me why I lived in Saudi Arabia instead of living in the Philippines, my answer would be “as if I had a choice”. Why is that my answer?
She opines, “My question to Shabana and her supporters, who argue that the Quran says nothing about purdah is: If the Quran advises women to use purdah, should they do so? My answer is, No. Irrespective of which book says it, which person advises, whoever commands, women should not have purdah. No veil, no chador, no hijab, no burqa, no headscarf. Women should not use any of