The relationships between gender and power in A Doll’s House and Lysistrata ‘One is not born, but, rather becomes a woman’. Lysistrata and A Doll’s House both present the disadvantaged position of women in their respective societies. The two plays present the relationship between gender and power and follow two women who go to extremes to become liberated from the restraints of their oppressive and dominating patriarchal society. Therefore, it is clear that both Nora and Lysistrata demonstrate the potential for women 's power and resistance in situations of male dominance in a hegemonic patriarchy. In order to prove this, it is important to look at the relationship between man and power, woman and power and the ways in which Nora and Lysistrata embody this power in the two plays.
Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House is a play set in 19th century Norway, when women’s rights were restricted and social appearance was more important than equality and true identity. In A Doll’s House, Nora represents 19th century women entrapped by society to fulfill wifely and motherly obligations, unable to articulate or express their own feelings and desires. Ibsen uses Nora’s characterization, developed through her interactions with others as well as her personal deliberations and independent actions, language and structure in order to portray Nora’s movement from dependence to independence, gaining sovereignty from the control of her selfish husband, deceitful marriage and the strict social guidelines of morality in 19th century Norway. Initially, Nora appears to be a dependent, naïve, and childlike character; yet, as the play unfolds, she appears to be a strong, independent woman who is willing to make sacrifices for those she cares about as well as herself.
The Awakening by Kate Chopin is a feminist story where the protagonist Edna Pontellier begins to fight social norms in order to break free of social norms and become a strong independant woman. This story’s central self conflict feature unique characteristics which make it both similar and different to other romantic and modernist literature in that era. This essay will compare and contrast characteristics of The Awakening and “ A Pair of Silk Stockings” , “ Love is not all” and “ The Journey”. In The Awakening, The protagonist Edna Pontellier starts out as a typical wealthy housewive of a creole.
Kate Chopin’s The Awakening and Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House share common themes of independence. The Awakening presents Edna Pontellier, an unsatisfied woman who constantly seeks independence through “awakening.” Meanwhile A Doll’s House introduces Nora Helmer, a wife with a secret that destroys her marriage. The Awakening and A Doll’s House share parallel thoughts and idea about independence through strong female protagonist. Edna and Nora are parallel characters in their behavior and their despite pursuit for independence.
1.2 Plath’s use of symbols & motifs to depict the theme of social conventions The idea of social convention, ‘the way in which something is usually done in mass similarity’, is one of the most prominent ways in which Plath depicts female entrapment within her novel. The entire novel revolves around a woman 's battle with herself and the life she wishes for herself. The social convention aspect is all in all a synonym for what society expects of us. What society expects of an individual.
The reader becomes very aware of the situation Nora is faced with as Ibsen challenges us to think about the societal times women were a part of during the late 1800’s. As Unni Langas states in her article describing gender within the play, “..this drama is not so much about Nora’s struggle to find herself as a human being, as it is about her shocking experience of being treated as a woman..” (Langas, 2005). This gives the reader an insight into Nora Helmer’s character. She is evidently perceived as the Doll trapped in the Doll house, as she is viewed as an entertainer rather than her own person in the eyes of her husband and children.
In Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House, the three-act play, set in 19th century Norway, explores the progress of Nora’s marriage as she attempts to hide her debt and forgery from her husband. Ibsen conveyed social commentary on gender roles and societal expectations, a topic still in controversy, through the use of symbolism, irony, and dramatic elements. In A Doll’s House, Ibsen presents the problems associated with the position of women in a man’s world of business as his central focus, even if other social or individual problems become more prominent as the play progresses.
Girl with a Pearl Earring, written by Tracy Chevalier follows the story of Griet, an unlikely house maid. While The Piano directed by Jane Campion follows the story of muted woman named Ada. Collectively, these texts follow two assertive and creative female protagonists struggling with individuality within an oppressive patriarchal society. Both authors therefore aim to condemn this social system through the objectification of women, society’s expectations and the controlling and confinement in which both protagonists are subject to. Chevalier and Campion’s similar distaste of the patriarchal society aims to inform the reader that the same patriarchal dividend, although improved, is still prevalent in today’s patriarchal
Nora 's courage in going against the pillars of the Victorian era is something the modern reader finds commendable and aspiring. If the play had been performed today, the modern reader would be the one to stand up and whistle during the scene of the slamming of the door, while the Victorian reader 's face would turn pale with shock at Nora
“The Yellow Wallpaper” written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman in 1892 at the height of the Victorian era is often mistaken as a feminist short story. She tries to tell its readers how women have been confined in this “domestic role” since the beginning of time. The narrator uses the wallpaper to represent the society she lives in. Not only does the wallpaper affect the narrator, but also it influences everyone that meets it. And how these roles ultimately will drive any woman insane.