Today, women have become an important part of the labor force , differently from men they face many obstacles in the working life . Ruble and others (1984), in their research, women are facing. They found that the obstacles in the way : Gender stereotypes and determined by sex , creating obstacles for women in working life , and they seek to protect those patterns. Creating equal opportunities for women in employment are in a position to put against this obstacle to be successful. The first of these obstacles; historically been occupied by men employed habits is because of the very high prestigious business with.
Ever since the beginning of time, men have always been perceived as superior to men and society nowadays continues to treat women as such even in the workplace. Women nowadays are affording more opportunities than in the past and the role of women in the workplace and society have changed over time but a glass ceiling is still imposed on women in the workplace resulting in women being clustered in the same levels in their organization charts or same types of jobs as certain positions or types of jobs are reserved mainly for their male counterparts (together), Woman who have graduated with bachelor degrees have less chance than men with the same degrees of getting certain jobs, especially in male dominated industries due to their gender. The
On the other hand, men tend to have a more command and control style. Therefore, men are more task-oriented and directive, while women are more democratic. That is often the starkest leadership difference between male and female bosses in which men provide direction for their employees, while women encourage employees to find their own direction. Both styles are valuable in different contexts. However, highly task-oriented can be highly beneficial where safety is concerned.
Women entrepreneurs in India • Introduction: Women entrepreneur is a person who accepts challenging roles to meet her personal needs and become economically independent. They are capable of contributing values to both family and social life. But, a part of women in some parts of the country still do not know their power. They don't know that they can break the domination over men and move on, walk on and fight for their freedom. Even though the women entrepreneurship and the formation of female business networks are steadily rising, there are a number of obstacles and challenges that they face in their daily life.
Gender equality has been one of the most controversial topics over the years, and kept its prestige for discussing. Gender equality means that men and women have the same rights, equal opportunities, and equal power. Albeit it is a human right, our society still encounters with several shortages in entrance to opportunities and decision making for both men and women. Across the globe women have fewer rights, opportunities, lower status, less control over resources, lower income, and less power comparing with men. Currently, women show the preformation in the workplaces much better than men, whereas they do not reach corresponding leadership positions.
Abstract Glass ceiling has been investigated quite broadly .It is the most controversial aspects of employment in organisation. This paper has been created from, different books, articles and studies. Based on those studies it is that glass ceiling exists. It is not as strong as it used to be before but still there is lots of obstacle that women have to overcome. Women should be more active and louder to make sure their voices is heard and noticed when they want promotion.
Hence, equal rights means being treated the same as men within the workplace and to be given the same opportunity for advancement to hold high positions in society. I believe that men have the “upper hand” in getting better jobs and becoming very important persons in society up to today in many countries. Females are still seen as “weak” and the typical stay home mother and wife figure. Stereotypes are based on perception “gender stereotypes influence beliefs” behaviors and self-concept at both conscious and unconscious levels. The belief that females cannot effectively perform law enforcement duties such as police, military or customs work exists in our country which can have negative impacts in the future.
It has been contended that, psychologically, women only have an ability and competency in the career field involving people and their needs. Portrayed as a job focusing on tough and dirty works, engineering has an outlook as a masculine profession because the initial culture and the work are mainly dominated by the male peers . However, the stereotype has been strongly argued in the recent years of the engineering and technology world development. According to , “Despite growing demand for skilled workers, women remain under-represented in science, engineering and technology industries.” Giving chances for women under represented in men dominated field will enhance and discover more scientific knowledges . The presence of female engineers will generate the diversity in the field and can bring various ideas and perceptions, since the gender difference plays a significant role in the people’s way of thinking.
The status of women in the contemporary context is reflected in the state of their health, education, employment and life in society. Today, Indian women have won several victories against an oppressive way of life and are poised to raise pertinent questions that will make their lives more emancipating. The position of women in ancient India has been a very complicated one because of the paradoxical statements in different religious scriptures and sometimes in the same text at different places. Some have described their status as ‘equals to men’, while others have held not only in disrespect but even in positive hatred. This is why it has presented many problems to sociologists while evaluating women’s status in India.
Introduction In this research I am going to analyse the various ways in which women are disadvantaged around the globe when it comes to employment. I chose this topic because I believe that this issue carries great importance (since in today’s society women are the backbone/breadwinners of many families) and it being contemplated over is vital and that awareness is what I intend to achieve in the end. Though many believe that men and women make equally good leaders, it is still widely considered that men have a better chance at the highest positions than women, regardless of their qualifications and achievements. This invisible barrier due to which women are not able to reach the very highest level is also referred to as the ‘glass ceiling’