The God Of Small Things By Arundhati Roy Analysis

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In India, evils of class and caste along with patriarchal oppressions rely and feed on each other. Roy’s booker prize winning novel ‘The God of Small Things’ deals with the struggle within the self, the murky and melancholic moods of men and women. The novelist fathoms the depths of human psyche against the chaotic social back drop. The novel voices the hidden and suppressed emotions of subalterns and is an encapturing vista of Indian social life depicting the unremitting struggle of women and untouchables for inscribing their identity in this cruel, conservative and male dominating society. They are vulnerable as well as deserted and so have to suffer at the hands of law makers. Arundhati Roy, being a social activist, raises the existential…show more content…
She is an ‘adarsh bhartiya naari’ who believes that a woman’s primary duty is towards her husband and she should submit herself to the whims and fancies of her husband at all costs. Mammachi has been a victim of her husband’s brutality throughout her life. She is either beaten with a brass vase or an ivory handled riding crop by her husband. Mammachi had exceptional talent for music, especially violin but her husband Pappachi is jealous of her. The climax is reached when violin trainer makes the mistake of telling him that his wife is “exceptionally talented” and “potentially concert class”. Later he breaks the bow of the violin one night and throws it in the river. A feeling of jealousy is expressed again when she started pickle making business; Pappachi refuses to help her because pickle-making is not “a suitable job for high-ranking ex-Government official”. Thus their marriage is devoid of understanding, love and co-operation. Mammachi’s blind submission to patriarchy is a defensive gesture rather than an honest agreement with hegemonic powers.
The other man who dominated Mammachi’s life was Chacko, her privileged and Oxford educated son. When he returned home after his divorce from Margaret, he takes over Mammachi’s pickle factory and referring to the factory as “……. my factory, my pineapples, my pickles” (57) without regarding Mammachi who had started
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She is, in fact the new woman who tries to strongly protest against the patriarchal system prevalent in the Indian society. She is doubly marginalized by men as well as women. As a child, she is deprived of the love and care because of her gender. She was beaten mercilessly by her father ‘with iron-topped riding-crop, a treatment arising from the traditional patriarchal family structure, where the birth of a girl child is unwelcomed and considered a burden on the family. In contrast to this, her brother Chacko, is privileged in every aspect of family life purely because he is a male. After schooling, Ammu is denied further education, while her brother is sent to Oxford for higher education because “Pappachi insisted that a college education was an unnecessary expense for a girl. So Ammu had no choice but to leave Delhi and move with them”. (38) Thus her own family becomes an obstacle between her freedom and future progress. When her family shifts from Delhi to Ayemenem, Ammu’s life is engulfed by dullness, seclusion and waiting for marriage proposals. She feels captivated in her house at Ayemenem and she desperately yearns for her

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