In 1995, American journalist and political activist Gloria Steinem wrote the essay “Wonder Woman” and published it as the introduction to her book Wonder Woman: Featuring over Five Decades of Great Covers. Steinem wrote this essay to discuss the promotion of feminism in popular media, especially in comic books. She begins the essay with a tribute to William Moulton Marston’s superheroine Wonder Woman, recounting with a nostalgic tone the hundreds of languid afternoons hiding in a tree and restless nights swaddled in blankets during which her childhood self would eagerly pore over the pages of comic books she had bought herself. Then, she switches to a more earnest tone as she compares the adventures of Wonder Woman with the societal burdens
Within the scope of this discussion, different dimensions of “queer” are presented as emulated by villains. “Queer” can be described as an umbrella term used for sexual and gender minorities who are not heterosexual nor cisgender. Correspondingly, Disney cinema villains obliterate all established notions of gender and sexuality, especially heterosexual norms. Through this frame, Disney cinema villains such as Ursula, Maleficent, and Elsa may be read as queer-coded in contrast with the relatively more heteronormative heroes. Queer-coding is essentially understood as fictional characters, who have not been revealed as queer, but are given traits or are being read as non-heteronormative, because of the style, behavior, gestures or overall appearance. While Disney cinema appears to constantly equate queerness with evil, at the same time, they are opening the door for diverse representations of queerness by blurring the binary oppositions of gender and presenting dynamic expressions that challenge everything that is considered
I agree with Michael Uslan where he argues that superhero characters are a modern mythology. Although science can help explain the background of the superheroes powers, superheroes are usually regarded as a Saviour rather than a science experiment. Since superheroes are much more unrealistic, it tends towards being a mythology instead.
The graphic essay ,”Show and Tell” by Scott McCloud was written to prove that Graphic novels can be a useful tool to communication and that we see this form of communication through many mediums. To convey this message, McCloud uses classification and division to categorize all of his knowledge into concise and easy- to- understand categories for the reader.This theme of the usefulness of graphic novels is also seen in other works of McCloud, including his TED talk, describing his life, and his own official website, scottmccloud.com.McCloud’s views of graphic novels are used to show the reader and others that they are in fact a good source of knowledge;he believes that graphic novels can academically benefit students
These days we rarely see a group of people from different races hanging out together. It’s always a race that determines who are our friends and the first ones we reach out to. This problem is created either by nature or by the wrong household understanding. However, it still exists in our community and we see it everywhere. American Born Chinese by Luen Yang is a graphic novel that has a large idea behind the book which Transformation and understanding identity. American Born Chinese consists of three different storylines and each storyline has a different character that tries to fit into society and also be able to transfer back to his culture. The three main characters are ashamed of who they are. According
A research article states that confidence in body image played a significant role with the influence of media (Granatino, Body 29). The ideology that women are just as capable if not, more so than men. Despite having opposed the Equal Rights Amendment, Reagan “would support equal rights for women and work actively to advance women throughout society” (New York Times). Following the promotion of self-assurance, women are able to act more confidently. Therefore, women would gain the individuality to support Reagan and his promises to further advance women in society. The promotion of strong women is demonstrated throughout the film Superman II. An example is a low-angle close up shot featuring the supervillain Ursa’s body to head showing her outfit with three unique badges obtained from the previous men she encountered and defeated(Superman II, 01:05:50). Another example implying the importance of women equality is when Clark Kent’s boss says “ No offense. You’re good but Lois is better” (Superman II, 10:27). Lois continues to prove her independence in the film, by facing dangers and accepting change. Confident women will fight for their own independence and equality rights by supporting Reagan. Reagan appointed a woman to the Supreme Court however, promises to continue advancing women in
Reality TV magnifies these stereotypes, that leads to approval of what a woman should be in a pop culture, lets women know how they are judged only on appearance. In some cases, the “fantasies of power” as she puts it, take the image of superheroes She says that these images do what is called “enlightened sexism”, creating the major actions we see in reality. The “enlightened sexism” tends to mislead the young women that are trying to look good, for the approval within our culture values trying to compete against each other. She discusses misrepresentation with a list of “ten enlightened sexism…pretense of simple, depicting reality.” (198) which reinforces these pop culture into own ideals of what gender roles should be in our society.
Hollywood films have influenced our values and beliefs of socio-cultural groups within a film. In the context of race and gender the films Cowboys and Aliens (2011) and the searchers (1956) both share similarities. These two successful films are 55 years apart the both convey the perspectives of race and gender through the reflection of American Indians in these films. The films The Searchers and Cowboys and Aliens show that Hollywood has changed the way we see the status of Indians. In the earlier film the Indians are represented as killers and mongrels as in this current day and age we have grown to accept them and appreciate their culture. This is done prominently through both films as they feature the interaction between white Americans and Indians. The searchers depict the Indians as the villains who capture the girls from the white American families and are seen as a risk to the community. In the
In Charlotte E. Howell’s, “Tricky” Connotations: Wonder Woman as DC’s Brand Disruptor,” Howell argues the many points on how DC Comics failed to represent Wonder Woman in a superhero leading role for many years. The author discusses how DC failed to see that the comic book industry fan base consisted not only of males, but also, many female fans as well (141-142). In addition, she points out DC’s use of the word “tricky” in regards to marketing and film production for Wonder Woman; DC Comics couldn’t come up with a way to envision an on screen leading role for Wonder Woman or how to market one (142). As a result, Howell gives examples of how the fans weaponized the term “tricky” to show DC’s business failings (141-143). Furthermore, she points out how the many scripts were leaked and how the public scrutinized the writers on their attempts to represent an accurate Wonder Woman character (144-145). Similarly, she discusses how many female directors were afraid to even attempt to direct a Wonder Woman film (149). Altogether, Howell argues many valid points along with examples of the gender bias in popular culture. With her focus on DC Comics and their failed attempts to market and produce a film for a character, such as Wonder Woman, was a solid representation of the gender bias that has and continues to exist in popular culture.
In comics women have played such roles as damsels in distress, sidekicks, and sex symbols for years with just a small category of powerful women such as Wonder Woman and Ms. Marvel. However, in recent years women have been able to push out of the small corner they have been backed into, creating new images, personas, and redefining what it really is to be a woman in comics. In an alternate world where men are in total control and women are pawns who can be sent to an alternate world called Bitch Planet , there is a woman who defies all things a lady of this society should be. Penny Rolle a strong, independent, daring, and fearless woman embodies all of the characteristics one should have when facing oppression, and has all of the qualities needed to fight against it.
What will happen when Monessa the superhero falls in love with JC of Manhattan? Will she still have her beloved powers or will they disappear for good? Monessa is a 17 year old girl. She just found out last year on her 16th birthday that she enables superpowers. Her superpowers are that she can fly, turn invisible, and she has super human strength. The only downfall about being a superhero with these amazing powers is that she can’t reveal to anyone that she has powers or she will lose them. So, she wears an all-black costume that covers her from head to toe. She has black heeled boots and is dressed in a skin tight black suit. Whenever people see her, they call her Batwoman. One day in school she sees the most handsome boy ever. What she doesn’t know is that this boy, JC of Manhattan, is going to take a big toll on Monessa and her powers.
Being a big Marvel Comics fan, one of the first superhero films that came to mind was Iron Man. Let’s take a look at the character Pepper Potts played by (Gwyneth Paltrow) in succession throughout the series. We can see how the writers are trying to redefine the maiden archetype. By restructuring the “damsel in distress” to meet a better view in society of the female role. Pepper Potts is not exactly a maiden/virgin archetype she is a redefinition of the characteristic.
Throughout the decades men have dominated the comic-book industry. They played a very important role in perpetuating stereotypes. The male writers, publishers, editors, and creators wrote for the their target audience, which was primarily young boys. The 90s was a period of time where society obsessed over male strength, which in turn led the idea of how fragile a woman is compared to a man. Batman and Batgirl are both human superheroes; they do not have any special healing factor or any other kind of superpowers. All his enemies constantly give Batman brutal beatings, but he always walks away from the fight (see appendix 1). He suffers no long-term effects because men must have strength; suffering is a sign of weakness, and men can never be weak—society demands that. Complementary to this, in Batman: The Killing Joke, Batgirl is shot by the Joker and is paralyzed for life (see appendix 2). The juxtaposition of Batman’s invincibility
“ I am the pretty sailor soldier of love and justice, Sailor Moon. In the name of the moon, I will punish you!” This was the famous opening speech when the heroic Sailor Moon thwarting the villain 's plans, every girl and boy who was a fan of the anime or the manga knew something magical was about to happen. Naoko Takeuchi is the creator of the Sailor Moon manga series; the adaptation of the televised anime that featured Usagi Tsukino a regular schoolgirl that discovers she is a magical sailor guardian. The manga/anime features a strong group of female protagonists, they are more than a pretty group of girls but showcasing female empowerment. Sailor Moon was a progressive manga with their challenging of gender norms, that would influence other
I am just going to get it out of the way in the beginning that I am not a superhero movie or comic fan. I have not followed any series, or any particular superhero’s story. I do have seen some movies randomly, but that’s it. So I have no clue whether the film on Wonder Woman was accurate, or if some parts are missing or the story has been tweaked. I write this article as a newbie’s experience of the superhero world. One thing I can say is that I may have not walked in the theatre as a fan, but I definitely came out as one.