In an interview with Facebook’s Sheryl Sandberg, she states that there “female senior managers [ a high professional and management jobs] are paid less than male senior managers it’s that there are fewer female senior managers than male.” she also states that “this hugely skews those average figures like the 77 cents per dollar that are bandied about (Perry).” Sandberg tries to prove with this fact that the reason that there 's a pay difference is due to the fact that there are not enough females holding high enough positions to reinforce the pay gap. Within Mark Perry’s article, he believes that there is no gender wage gap, rather a gender earnings gap. Perry provides twenty different gender gaps that reflects gender difference in the market, his examples help prove why gaps are generally favored towards men. This helps him explain why men earn higher incomes on average than women. These facts make you think about how some men put their lives at risk by working in the cold or working with life threatening things.
“According to U.S. Census and Population data, the proportions of young women and men (aged 25-29) attaining a Bachelor’s degree or higher in 2014 were 37.2 per cent and 30.9 per cent, respectively. The gender attainment gap in the United States has hovered between five and seven per cent over the past decade” (Cooper). This data also shows that the higher percentage of Bachelor’s degrees are earned by women compared to men. Not only do women earn more Bachelor’s degrees than men, this gap has been present in data for the past decade. If these statistics have been true for the past decade, there should be more women in higher roles in the workplace.
In the 1970s, the wage gap decreased because “women’s progress in education and workforce participation” (Miller, 2018). However currently there is still a wage gap: for every dollar a man makes a woman makes eighty cents for same job – on average. What is being seen recently is that intersectionality plays a vital role in the wage gap as well; not only are women being paid less than men, but some races of women are being paid less than others. It was discovered that “among full-time workers in 2016, Hispanic or Latina, black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN), and Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander (NHPI) women had lower median annual earnings compared with non-Hispanic white and Asian women” (Miller, 2018). It was also revealed that Asian women have the smallest wage gap when compared to men and that Hispanic women have the largest wage gap when compared to men.
Here, Kolhatkar tells of a young woman working in a corporate company looking to climb up the ladder of the business. However, we find that she doesn't receive the same employment and promotional opportunities as many of her male peers, many of whom, she appears to be superior to. She argues this viewpoint once again, when she says, “One former Tesla employee told me that women made up less than ten percent of her working group; at one point, there were actually more men named Matt in the group than there were women” (Kolhatkar). In this quoted text we can infer that women are not given as many opportunities as men within the workplace. Kolhatkar further argues that this could be because when women do attempt to achieve these positions they are often not taken seriously.
Speaker is Sheryl Sandberg. Women have made progress towards equality, but this is not reflected in leadership positions. Female heads of state, parliament members, and board positions are only 13-15%, and these have not improved over the past decade. They also need to make tougher decisions between work and lifestyle- with 2/3 of married men in leadership having children, compared to 1/3 of married women. She talks about what women can do to stay in the workplace and move towards leadership.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that single women who have never married earned 96 percent of men's earnings in 2012. When children comes into the picture, women tend to spend less time at work than men, furthermore, child care takes mothers out of the labor market, so when they return they have less work experience than similarly-aged males. Education also affects the wage gap. According to research studies, even within groups with the same educational attainment, women often choose fields of study, such as sociology, liberal arts or psychology, that pay less in the labor market. Men are more likely to major in finance, accounting or engineering.
Women’s work is devalued by the economic account for their unpaid work. The Glass Ceiling – an invisible barrier that hinders women from advancing over men – shows that whether women may be rising in the labor market participation over the decades, their performance still remains worse than that of men. Research says (OECD, 2007) in certain countries 20% fewer women than men have jobs and female employment rates and wages are more than 25% lower than those of their male counterparts. The wage gap between men and women persists even with no clear explanation. (Sir, should I include effects of the glass ceiling?
The hiring’s of women by the police and fire departments were low due to lack of female applicants or not equally represented in those departments may drop out. For example, “Most of the hiring’s in those departments are 80% male compared to less than 20% female” (Welsh). Females are capable of being a firefighter, even be just as strong going into a career that can be life changing. As of 2016, the hirings of firefighters contained only 3.5% women, 3.8% African Americans, 1.4% Asian-American, and 7.7% Latinos (Welsh). The more diverse the fire department can be, the more well-rounded the working environment improves.
According to an American Dental Association survey, male dentists tend to earn about $42,700 more than their female counterparts in years 1995 to 2004 (Schultz). According to the U.S. Census Bureau 2004, “Male physicians earn $140,000, and females earn considerably less, $88,000. That translates into a gender wage gap of 62.9” (Zorn). The wage gap in the United States is not a problem to be taken lightly. This situation needs to be addressed by the government, similar to the Obama
There is an income inequality that exists in the Unites States, women earn on average 80% what the average male makes. In 2016, the median earning of males was $51, 640 while women made $41, 554 (Semega, 2017). Education also plays a role in the gender pay gap and even though women may be receiving the same degree as a man they continue to be paid less. The pay gap associated with education is illustrated by Larkin, "On average, a male with a bachelor's degree will earn $25,000 more than a female with a similar degree. Women with a master's degree earn $32,500 less than men possessing a similar degree" (2015, para.
The purpose of the draft is to recruit physically capable citizens to the armed forces if they are required. The draft should recruit from all of the physically capable, no matter their gender. It is frequently argued there are less physically capable than there are men, and while that is true, it should not stop the millions of women who are physically capable. As of 2011, about 203,000 women serve in the active-duty military, including sixtynine serving as generals and admirals. Though this impressive number is only about fifteen percent of the total active-duty force, the amount of women serving continues to rise.
“ Today women make up almost half of the U.S labor force on 2012 nearly as many working-aged women (68%) as men (79%) were in the labor force”The percentage of women is almost like the man that is working almost like the man, ie there is a change. “Relatively few (21%) think the trend toward more mothers of young children working outside the home is a good thing for our society, and only 16 % say having a mother who works full time is the ideal situation for a young child”. This has also changed some think it is a bad reason for women to work if they are mothers, but it is also a bad thing because not only can bring to your home
One of the biggest struggles that women has to go through is not getting paid as equally as men. An Equal Pay Act in 1963 had to be made in order to forbid sex based wage discrimination, even though women are still getting 91 cents of every dollar earned by men (10 Challenges That American Women Still Face Today, paragraph. 2). In Russia, many women are paid less than men and their wage and salaries were 70% of men (Snezhkova, (2005), Page 3). This became a problem for many other countries where women wages would be 84% of men also and they would only receive just 58% of the income from their spouse (Social Inequalities, the World Cup, and Some Simple Solutions, Paragraph 6).
This means that for every $1.00 earned by a male worker, a female worker earns 74 cents. most jobs in the booming oil and constructions industries—as one possible reason for the stagnation in the gender income gap. For the most highly educated Canadian women, gender differences in earnings within identical occupations are generally very small among new entrants to the labor force. The focus on this survey was concentrated on causes the wage’s gap between different genders. The report showed how different genders choose their job by categorizing occupations.