The block parties, graffiti art, rapping, disc jockeying and diverse forms of dancing built Hip Hop by the black youth. They expressed their feelings, thoughts, but most importantly the problems they had to face, which were related to their race, gender and social positions. The rights that were given to black people during and after the Civil Rights Movement left the following generations at a lack of how to continue the fight for black rights. Hip Hop gave them this platform and with the usage of black nationalism, Hip Hop can explore the challenges that confront American-Americans in the post-Civil Rights Movement era. In the 1990’s Hip Hop lived its prime, sub genres started to appear and famous groups, MCs led the whole community, providing a voice to a group of people trying to deliver their message.
Music was a critical part in the U. S civil rights movement, as it 's for social movements around the world. Freedom songs gave African-American people, new courage and a sense of unity. Suzanne Smith, author of "Dancing in the Street: Motown and the Cultural Politics of Detroit" stated that "Singing in a group helps remind people that they are not alone." Often songs within the movement were subjects by events that occurred within that era such as, Aretha Franklin "Respect," Blue Mitchell "March on Selma" and Bob Marley "Redemption Song. " The music draws direct inspiration from the movement whilst expressing the moral urgency of the struggle.
Through Patricia Collins’: Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness and the Politics of Empowerment, can be applied to Beyonce’s own song: Formation. Through this particular song and music video, Beyonce demonstrates in several ways the empowerment of African American women through her lyrics and the images she portrays in her own music video. Similarly, Patricia Collins’ black feminist thought relates to this form of empowerment through her own critical analysis.
This song is written by both Kanye West and Jay-Z, who are both African American rap artists. The purpose of Made in America is to highlight the gruelling past of African-Americans, such as the limited number of rights afforded to them as well as slavery. Moreover, the song also aims at informing the listener of the bright present and future for African Americans to look forward to. In the immediate beginning of the song, the listener notices a hook that sums up the understandings of the whole song. Kanye and Jay both make references to Martin Luther King Jr and his wife Coretta, as well as Malcolm X and his wife Betty Shabbaz, together they started the civil rights movement and ensured a prosperous lifestyle for black America as a whole.
Simpson portrays empowerment gender, identity, and culture in her images despite the oppression of racist culture impacts black women 's body and identity. Five-day forecast by Lorna Simpson incorporates five large boxes with days of the week Monday through Friday. It 's a way of expressing misconceptions as a black woman. In her image “five-day forecast” she has two words in each day such as; misdescription, misidentifies and mistranslate. When the audience sees this particular image they think of race and identity because Lorna has her arms crossed in each box but it happens to be so that as the days pass by her shirt starts getting wrinkled.
Culture is the perception and interpretations of the elements, symbols and values by members of a group, and how they are distinguished from another group in a society (Banks, J.A, Banks & McGee, 1989). Culture appropriation, based on Young (2015), is the adoption and appreciation of the aspects of a culture by the people from another culture. Dreadlocks, locs, or locks have been closely associated to the African culture as a symbolism of freedom and strength. In recent years, dreadlocks are being increasingly appropriated by the whites, and this has caused an uproar among the blacks. However, I believe that culture appropriation may not be as negative as how they have pointed it out to be.
However, the more Rainey sang songs about the African American female traveling and moving towards her own freedom, the more normalized that idea became. Gertrude “Ma” Rainey’s, songs “Traveling Blues” and “Lost Wandering Blues” are two of her works that share the theme of traveling. While they both share the same theme, “Traveling Blues” epitomizes how the ability to travel became an expression of independence, and “Lost Wandering Blues” illustrates the use of traveling as a tool for personal discovery for the African American female. Moreover, Rainey’s decision to sing
Alice Walker, a poet and activist once said that “a womanist is to feminist as purple is to lavender.” Womanism is just another shade of feminism. It helps give awareness to the experience of black women and other women of color who have always been at the forefront of the feminist movement, but made invisible in historical texts and the media. Although feminism addresses and fights for gender equality, it rarely addressed equality and justice for black women in the civil rights movement. On the other hand, womanism not only fights for the gender equality but for justice against racial oppression against African American men and women.
Walker uses Woolf’s ideas as a feminist scaffold upon which she builds up blackness. Alice Walker quotes and adapts Virginia Woolf’s writing to reframe it for black women. She inserts and changes words to reshape Woolf’s writing to reach black feminists and to tell the painful narrative of black women’s history. It is clear that Alice Walker has respect for Virginia Woolf, and while she does not tear Woolf down in her essay, she also does not sing Woolf’s praises.
As a female Muslim (Muslimah) I became the witness of how western questioned Islam. They always ask about my right and my obligation to follow the rules of my religion. In their perspective, Islam violates my right when it comes to get my own decision. In fact, they see this point of view as the outsiders rather than the way a muslimah sees it. I honestly feel that Islam is the best religion that gives security to the woman.
However, the events that propelled the notoriety of the social movements during the Jim Crow era involved numerous women who both led and organized events. Charles Payne in I’ve Got the Light of Freedom, emphasizes that the development of male and female leadership was based on an organizing tradition involving community members (Payne, 2007). The civil rights movement represented an era of conflict for Black men as some sought to distinguish themselves as protectors and defy the “demonization of Black masculinity” (Estes, 2005, p.66). Mr. Estes argues that it was defense of the overt racism men experienced which led them to use “masculinist strategies of racial uplift” to gain political and social power (Estes, 2005, p. 7).
In “Mo Meta Blues” Ahmir “Questlove” Thompson, examines his career and life through a postmodern lense. To start, he revisits his upbringing, how kids used to tease him for acting and dressing “white”. He retrospectively questions what this means claiming “Trying to be white? What the hell does that mean?” (55).
The use of the “n” word is a highly problematic issue in American society. The “n” has a special and unique place in the American language. In fact, according to Sean Price in his “Dropping the N-word” article, he says that in “Metro area high schools...50 percent of the student agree on using the “n” word” (Dropping the N-Word, Price). Although the word is very modern, its roots come from the word "negro", back from the 1700 and 1800’s when it was most prevalent in wealthy American plantations. The “n” word was used by many whites as a racial slur and as a way to degrade African American descents.