“Social oppression is a concept that describes a relationship of dominance and subordination between categories of people in which one benefits from the systematic abuse, exploitation, and injustice directed toward the other.” This quote, stated by Ashley Crossman on Thoughtco, perfectly describes what oppression is especially from a feminist point of view. As Britannica stated, Feminism is “the belief in the social, economic, and political equality of the sexes.” In The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald, there are many relationships. However, none of them are based on love and in most of the relationship, the women are also being oppressed. They are either oppressed physically, socially, psychologically, or politically, in some way or another.
A piece of writing, which justifies, propagates or perpetuates discrimination against women cannot be termed as feminist, only that artistic work which sensitizes its readers to the practices of subjugation and opposes them can be treated as being feminist in nature. The women- characters of Ice Candy- Man draw our attention to the facts of victimization of women and their compulsions to define their lives according to the pre- fixed gender roles. They also expose the patriarchal biases present in the archetypal social perceptions. In a patriarchal set- up which is essentially discriminatory against women and emphasizes on conditioning them for life- long, the female characters of ‘Ice Candy- Man’ are not only conscious of their desires, but also eagerly assertive about their independence to lead the life. On the other side
As far many New Woman writers, Egerton conceptualized marriage as a social institution which forcefully repressed and reshaped female desire and their social conditions. According to Laura Christman “Egerton’s analysis of European woman’s oppression attends mostly to the sphere of ideology and in particular, to what she sees as the artificial social convention which prohibit women’s natural expression of sexual and maternal desire” (Christman,46). In her short stories, the protagonists have tried to break this institutional bondage and emphasized the identity of the female protagonists who experience their desire, free from any confinement. In the story “A Cross Line” the protagonist does not find the husband spiritually and intellectually equal to her and desires him only on a physical level. Despite knowing the fact that she is married, she falls in a extra-marital affair with a stranger.
It’s arguable that Jane was a dedicated feminist, who consistently fought against the boundaries and norms social existence at the time and that she rebelled against being overpowered by men. However, many events in the novel do emphasise how Jane can be vulnerable when she is outside the safekeeping of a man, as is shown when she leaves Rochester. Jane battles against the constraints of Victorian society but contradicts her own battles when she marries Rochester, as he becomes vulnerable from blindness. In conclusion, Jane Eyre was a woman with strong feminist beliefs and principals, yet it becomes clear that Jane’s own mind is not completely outside the constraints of society as she succumbs to love and marries Mr. Rochester and in doing so, becomes a heroine of romantic sorts. It is arguable even that this is a deliberate feature by Charotte Brontë to show the power men possess over women.
There was a rise of feminist critical theory in the 1970’, and this novel has been quite controversial, since it portrayed the eighteenth century English society, and the condition of women at that time. Critics have been constantly debating on Austen being a anti -feminist, as she upheld to social and class structure if the eighteenth century England. On the other hand, some scholars firmly believe that Austen is a true feminist, who subtly chooses her novels to showcase the changes and developments in the world. Moreover, due to deficient, (auto)biographical information provided on Austen, it cannot be stated what position Austen can be categorized into, i.e., feminist or anti- feminist. Jane Austen has written a handful of novels , and
Plath’s poetry, looking particularly at her ‘Collected Poems’, illustrates the consequential disorientation and loss of identity caused by such patriarchal dominance, demonstrating sentiments of disgust as she is forced to adopt certain gender stereotypes in ‘Morning Song’ (1961). She treats female characteristics as manufactured in ‘The Applicant’ (1962), drawing upon the socially constructed role of the housewife, refusing to accept the popular contemporary notion that women are naturally inferior. Although such beliefs appear to lead Plath into a state of individual futility, her satirical approach to stereotypes as naïve social constructions suggests her more complex understanding of the human condition. This unique outlook upon her domestication allows Plath to establish an individual poetic perspective, ascertaining herself to later become an advocate for the second feminist movement. Plath’s description of 1960’s women as domesticized “living [dolls]” in ‘The Applicant’ iterates both her
The theme of sex scandal goes along with women's morality and sensuality because it also went against the prior conservative social expectations and beliefs for women. This theme started to become common in Victorian Literature. Apart from the themes, the novel is based on the point of view of the first person narrator. In Jane Eyre, we access the story through the perspective of Jane herself. Thus, the novel employs first person narration, as opposed to third person, which is often
“And woman should stand beside man as the comrade of his soul, not the servant of his body.” Charlotte Perkins Gilman Gilman has depicted fine portraits of a variety of characters struggling between the two worlds Herland (the world which entirely consists of women) and United States of America (from where the boys have come which is a world full of corruption, violence, jealousy, competition, wars). As a feminist novel about the isolated society/country of women, the novel serves an idealistic viewpoint. Though it is a utopian novel but there is a touch of reality. The imaginary world is related to the contemporary world and has a realistic touch. Although it is an imaginary world yet there is so much to learn from them.
By told the story about the fight of Jane Eyre with the patriarchal society and Antoinette Cosway’s tragedy as a former colonist, a common theme were reflected to aspire after freedom, equality and independence of personality from the females. Because of the different time and social backgrounds of authors, Charlotte Bronte criticized the patriarchy society where women were regard as property and appendage of men. Besides, she also emphasized the gender equality and rights of women in the society. From a different perspective, the author of Wide Sargasso Sea paid more attention to the lack of self-identity and social belongings among the social hierarchy in the colonized countries and criticized the negative impact of colonialism and imperialism towards
The God of Small Things (1997) extensively includes certain aspects, shades and themes typical of feminism among other things. The sense of a woman’s peripheral yet invested position within a male-dominated culture has led Arundhati Roy to make thematic and stylistic experimentations and innovations in the novel. The novel strikes a balance between feminism and feminine ways of describing the incongruities in society; and resorts to many of the conventional devices such as irony, exaggeration, sarcasm, wit, humour etc. The focus in this novel is on the irrationalities and injustices of typical patriarchy in domestic and social life; how assertion of women for identity and freedom of choice are burdened and crushed under the sway of male chauvinism and social norms. Before having a critical journey into the various aspects of the novel depicting shades of feminist hue and cry it is rather imperative to have a brief plunge into the realm of feminist world as a