Discrimination against women at work is still a reality and more in rich countries. Women must work almost 80 days more than a man so they can possibly earn the same, and still don’t have the same salary. It’s probably one of the worst problems that women are facing right now. Ironically, in XXI century the problem persists and it is even worse. While a lot of education is a useful tool for increasing earnings, it is not effective against the gender pay gap.
This kind of ‘male ego’ restricts promotion of women at jobs. 4. GENDER PAY GAP AND THE INDUSTRY: The jobs done by the male and female, more or less differ from each other. Though “these differences evolve with economic development, the resulting changes in the structure of employment are not enough to eliminate employment segregation by gender. So, women all over the world appear to be concentrated in low-productivity jobs” (World Bank, 2012).
Research Paper Historically and in today’s society, women have disadvantages as compared to their male counterparts while in the workplace. Traditionally in the Islamic cultures, women were not given equal rights to their male counterparts and not able to achieve the goals and careers that men did. Even after women gain rights, they still do not have the same rights as men. It has nothing to do with talent or intelligence, but only gender. In our society today, women are treated differently because of their gender, are not given raises that commensurate with their station and often make less compensation than men.
Working women face many obstacles throughout their journey: work harassment, gender discrimination and at times may not be allowed to work. This, however affects the economy for more than a quarter of our population is not able to work, therefore female participation should be encouraged more. Female participation in the work force of Pakistan is only 28% whereas in countries such as Vietnam it is 77%, however the percentage may not be as low as it seems. Many women work in such places which do not pay in cheques or online but pay mostly in cash, thus their participation does not get reported for their payment does not get noticed by the government’s account.In Jordanian culture women are frowned upon for working in their young age or any age
In the 1970s, the wage gap decreased because “women’s progress in education and workforce participation” (Miller, 2018). However currently there is still a wage gap: for every dollar a man makes a woman makes eighty cents for same job – on average. What is being seen recently is that intersectionality plays a vital role in the wage gap as well; not only are women being paid less than men, but some races of women are being paid less than others. It was discovered that “among full-time workers in 2016, Hispanic or Latina, black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN), and Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander (NHPI) women had lower median annual earnings compared with non-Hispanic white and Asian women” (Miller, 2018). It was also revealed that Asian women have the smallest wage gap when compared to men and that Hispanic women have the largest wage gap when compared to men.
According Eurostat, in 2014 women 's gross hourly earnings were on average 16.1% below those of men in the European Union. Gender pay gap is becoming more important subject of various discussions. One of the major fighters in this gender based problem are feminists. They claim that an unequal payment is a consequence of man’s dominant position in the society. Scientists are less likely to agree with this concept and their opinion is more upheld by the variety of social and economic factors as well as personal life choices and each of them has a notable effect on different earnings among men and women.
Gender pay gap The gender pay gap is the percentage difference between average hourly earnings for men and women in the workplace. The pay gap isn 't the same as equal pay. Equal pay means that men and women doing the same job should be paid the same. This has been a legal requirement which was established in The Equal Pay act of 1970. Across the UK, men earned 18.4% more than women, according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS).The gap between men and women 's earnings for both full and part-time work has fallen from 27.5% in 1997 to 18.4% in 2017.
This is because it would increase the unemployment rate, harm worker health and step up living expense. Minimum wage law tends to have a worse effect on the employment rate. In fact, 90% of the company in Hong Kong is small and medium enterprises and their daily operation is already difficult. By setting up the SMW, those companies are required to follow the law but most of them are not able to afford the extra expenses from pay rise. According to Schmitt (2013), the minimum wage has slight or even no noticeable effect on the employment rate in that the cost generated by minimum wage is large relative to most of the firms.
Based on a discussion by Career Development International, 70% of female engineers who were interviewed have experienced difficult situations because of the gender discrimination and provocation issues . As a result of the biased work environment, the majority of women thought that Engineering field is not a suitable place for them to work, moreover, to strive for an excellent position in their career. Women are discouraged by unfamiliar cultural norms in the male dominated field. A recent research about workers in science and engineering concluded that male engineers earn wages 22 percent more than their female peers in their labor market . This evidence has clearly shown that the industries are biased towards men compared to women.
Though what’s more upsetting is the evident gender gap in this industry. In a recent study done by State of News Photography, they found that large media organisations were less likely to employ female photographers (7%) than their male equivalent (22%). However, those women lucky enough to be employed were assigned less work than their male colleagues and were most likely to do part-time work. Of the total amount of women who were included in the study, 82% claimed to be university educated compared to 69% of men. The women were also found to be more tech savvy, using video as well as multimedia platforms.