Women have a higher proportion of responsibilities of parenting duties in most dual parent homes and control the bulk of domestic tasks in single parent homes (Hoobler et al, 2011). Finding the right balance between commitments at home and work is challenging for women who carry larger portions of caregiver and family responsibilities. Therefore, moving ahead in the workplace hierarchy may be additionally difficult for women, as they attempt to undertake the needs of both their family and job (Wirth, 2001). Due to women’s domestic responsibilities at home it is commonly inferred that they will therefore have a smaller amount of time to dedicate to their career. As a result, women will fall flat of becoming the model employee, according to the way the working culture is organized; staying late at work, coming in early and devoting oneself to the company (Hoobler et al, 2011).
A class is focused on social and economic status. People in the same household can suffer from different class levels. Sanger points out that “it is the woman who suffers first from hunger, the woman whose clothing is least adequate, the woman who must work all hours, even though she is not compelled” (Sanger 93). Throughout her reading, she shows how women of a certain class suffer the most. Usually, women of color because they were and still are not always “privileged” enough to have “nice” or as she states “adequate” clothing as others did.
For generations, working mothers have industriously juggled between being a mother and pursuing their dream career path effectively. Many have made a success of this daunting struggle, while some women on the other hand eventually had to sacrifice a prospective work career to become a fulfilling wife and mother. The chance to attempt making a balance between these two worlds don’t even occur for some women, as certain policies in some companies give no room for working mothers. This is a major reason why some career driven women don’t give a thought to becoming mothers till they are way up the ladder, and have proved their worth in such companies. Motherhood in itself is a vocation to be mastered, and coupled with the hassles of working tirelessly to meet up with financial needs; a working mother is prone to physical, mental and/or emotional breakdown.
Discrimination against women at work is still a reality and more in rich countries. Women must work almost 80 days more than a man so they can possibly earn the same, and still don’t have the same salary. It’s probably one of the worst problems that women are facing right now. Ironically, in XXI century the problem persists and it is even worse. While a lot of education is a useful tool for increasing earnings, it is not effective against the gender pay gap.
However, the U. S. was ranked 104th out of 190 countries in this past year (Oh and Kliff, par. 1). Even though they make up more than half of the United States’ population, women are still not well-represented in top government roles because men remain to make up 80% of the Trump administration (Redden, par. 3). Women hold just 19.3% of the seats in the House of Representatives and 22% of the seats in the Senate (Women in the U.S. Congress 2018, par.
According to the table above that analyses the women enrollment percentage between 1985 and 2005, before 1990, the number of the male students was higher than the one of the female students, in all OECD countries. Women covered 46% of the number of total students enrolled in high education in 1982. In the same 18 countries that have data about this issue, 20 years later, in 2005, women were a majority in higher education enrollment in 16 of them (compared with only 5 in 1985). In 2005, the number have reversed, and women covered 55% of the total number of students enrolled in higher education, and men went down to 45% If the trend remains constant, 10 years from now for every men enrolled in higher education the proportion will be of 1.4
With the fall of the economy and the start of an unfamiliar lifestyle, women definitely had a major contribution in the workforce and economy, but just how impactful was it? Just how significant were women’s roles when it comes to trying to rebuild society during such a catastrophe? Many claims and arguments can be made in regard to the role of women during The Great Depression, though I believe without the role of women, the condition of the United States would had dragged on for much longer, in a more miserable way. Without the women who took action to work and support others, there wouldn’t be very many people who could have taken over their position. Though it was not the ideal lifestyle, women did so much to contribute to both the society, and families of others and their own.
In fact still now the position of women has not changed. Many people stills think women should be at home raising their children and doing domestic work .Women who wants to have careered are difficult to balance with their domestic with career. Now a day’s career is more demanding and time consuming. However there are a large number of women who have broken the glass ceiling and have proved that atmosphere in workplace has changed, employees are getting more support and better working environment has been created. Even though the law has been power, the glass ceiling is cracking up its going to take many more years to see any kind of extremely noticeable changes and improvement in women’s
WOMEN: BACKGROUND AND PERSPECTIVE WHERE DO THE ROOTS OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN LIE It is a paradox of modern India that women wield power and hold positions at the topmost levels, yet large sections of women are among the most underprivileged. Some women from the upper classes head political parties and command large followings, yet women 's representation in the Parliament and state legislatures has not been more than 10 per cent. The roots of discrimination against women lie in the religious and cultural practices of India. The beginning of changes started with the reform movements in the nineteenth century, which addressed practices like sati, child marriage, life of the widows, etc. The status of women in the contemporary context is reflected in the state of their health, education, employment and life in society.
With brain power being the requisite skill in this knowledge era, rather than endurance or physical strength, the women workers seem to flood into every industry on par with men. But this has indeed become a tough challenge for women as they have to perform a lot of duties in home and office as well. As working women get married, they have additional responsibilities and when they become mothers, they have to manage the primary care of children and extended family and are thus, under greater pressure to continue on a career path. Working mothers of today fulfill family responsibilities and also try to remain fully involved in their careers coping up with the competing demands of their multiple roles. The caring responsibilities that working mothers have lays a heavy stress on them when it is combined with their professional duties.