Women's Movement In The Indian National Movement

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LALIT KUMAR PROFESSOR ANJANA SHARMA M.A ENGLISH 1st SEM DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH UNIVERSITY OF DELHI Women’s Movement: A world within Indian Nationalist Movement To locate the position of Indian women in the Indian National movement, it can be said that they acted as agents of struggle against the Colonial rule alongside with men, thereby creating a space for themselves in the nationalist political frame. This participation, struggle on behalf of the Indian women in the Indian national movement, which was fought for freedom and civil liberties, was an act towards seeking such liberties and freedom. It is this historical past which shaped women’s movement…show more content…
Swarnkumari Debi had started holding annual Mahila Silpamelas (women’s craft fairs) in the 1880s where handicrafts made by Indian women were sold to do fund raising for the Sakhi Samiti, an organization started by her for women, and also to promote indigenous cottage industry as means of developing both atmasakti and swadeshism, considered necessary for the freedom struggle. Her daughter Sarala Debi Goshal was one of the architects of a militant mother-centred nationalism. Radha kumar is of the view that it was in the 1905-08 Swadeshi movement in Bengal that women’s participation in the nationalist activities can be seen on larger scale (Kumar…show more content…
There was also a growing interest in working towards maternity and child welfare. Radha Kumar asserts that none of the women active in nationalist politics seems to have made mainstream attempts to organize women workers and their attempts at employment generation for women seem to have assumed that women’s wage work was subsidiary activity to supplement the male wage rather than to earn a living wage. The Women’s Indian Association was the first women’s organization to take up workers’ demands and issues of maternity leave and benefits for women workers were raised by a group of moderate nationalists whom they were associated with. Though the issue of maternity benefit was raised at different times but it was only with the effort of R.S. Salve, when he introduced a private Member’s Bill for Maternity Benefit in Bombay, that the Bombay Maternity Benefit Act was passed which was followed by similar legislation in other
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