She is urging women to be wives, but not at the loss of all else. Just as a woman can be a daughter and still have an identity, so a woman must be a wife with her identity in tact. The last role Wollstonecraft gives is a mother. This is a high calling on the life of a woman, with many things intertwined. As a mother, a woman is expected to raise up and educate her children, teaching them how to behave in society.
Such a notion not only served it a greater social purpose as it gave more power to men who were seen as natural leaders, but at the same time formed gender identities while preserving the archetype of femininity and masculinity. According to Barbara Welter, a historian and author of The Cult of True Womanhood: 1820-1860 (1966), the nineteenth century American society was a reflection of gender stereotypes where roles assigned to sex held women in the cultural manacles of subordination and limits. The work illustrates the gender boundary between men and women, while focusing on the hailed pure image of a housewife, who suppressed her instincts aspirations, and accepted the chores dictated by the cultural division supporting the policy governed by social hierarchy resulting in misogyny. In this fundamental for this thesis discourse, Barbara Welter provides various exemplars of limiting women’s development and pointed the route regarding little room for intellectual maneuver what translated into docile behaviour. The author writes that “submission was perhaps the most feminine virtue expected of
In the Victorian era, women were forced to marry, as they needed the security of a man. However, Austen uses logos to question the real inequality in the Victorian era’s ideology, that a woman is incomplete without a man. This allows the reader to analyse the state of society from a different perspective. Austen also starts her sentence with an assertive tone further supported with her firm word choices, through using the words, ‘…truth universally acknowledged’. These words are important in her building ethos allowing her to deliver her controversial message.
Dr. Versna Leskosek, in her, Historical Perspective on the Ideological of Motherhood and its Impact on social work, states that, motherhood has been considered as a basic aspect of a woman’s existence and an inseparable part of her existence, through out history. It is their inner instinct that ensures the healthy and proper development of their child, under their love and protective care. it is the same instinct that draws women into motherhood. so strong is the instinctual connection between motherhood and womenhood that the two are equated with each other. But women are not just mothers they have to perform their kinship roles, where she has to perform her duty as a wife, daughter-in-law, daughter, sister, etc.
In his writing, Nathaniel Hawthorne creates a new female-image, one that focuses on remaining a pure reputation. WHile Hester suffered from ridicule and shame from her neighbors, she presents feminist spirit in her conscious. Hester develops a strong spirit and mind. Wang notes that the feminism is carefully placed throughout the story. He analyzes Hester's refusal and determination when she is asked who the father of her baby is.
In 1792, Mary Wollstonecraft expressed what would be the constant struggle of women for the following centuries to come: “I do not wish them [women] to have power over men; but over themselves”. This quotation, taken from in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, strongly illustrates how difficult it was for women to emancipate themselves from men with no ability to act upon their futures. However, when changes happened to improve the daily lives of women in Britain, one might think that those progresses meant the beginning of equality and thus, the end of difference –of being treated otherwise. Yet, difference remained. Therefore, in order to understand this phenomenon, we shall answer to the following question: Why women kept being marginalized despite the adjustments made to establish equality between men and women?
„Bruised Hibiscus“ – Coping with Hegemonic Masculinity Since time immemorial women are suppressed and exploited by men, a process that is based on social conventions and which sociologists define as hegemonic masculinity. And the feminist consciousness for equality exists as long as the discrimination itself. Concerning successful movements, feminists often refer to sisterhood as the driving force in this struggle. Historically, only major movements seem to be successful. Hence, my goal is to examine on the basis of Elizabeth Nunez’ novel “Bruised Hibiscus” to what extent sisterhood can be promising for individual women and to what extent its success is influenced by hegemonic masculinity.
In society, women are stressed on the role of motherhood, being a “happy” mother, and providing their every moment toward not only their children, but their husbands needs on both ends. Kate Chopin changes the view of the woman role figure, in the 19th century, that not all women are the same. Not every women is meant to be a mother and a happy house wife, women want to seek to find their own identity rather than settle to be the women the past has been. Kate Chopin’s “The Storm” reveals the female empowerment from a woman’s perspective rather than in today’s society. “The Storm” not only interested in the immoral itself, but comes naturally inside or outside of marriage.
The era consisting of Old English, epic poets, and Christianity was the era of Anglo-Saxon. During the Anglo-Saxon era, women played a variety of different roles in their society. The roles of women depended on the status they had in their community, the community being split into different classes “localhistories”. The majority responsibilities that women had to uphold was being a peace-weaver and having to complete household tasks. The women were considered submissive and having to play an active role in society.
As Susan Mathis said, “The patriotic appeal had two aspects… ‘do your part’... ‘a soldier may die if you don’t do your part’...” (Mathis). As a way to boost morale, guilt was another essential aspect into influencing Americans to want to win the war. The American government subtly blackmailed women into doing what was necessary for a victory without appearing