The role and status of women in the Greek culture has been much debated. Women did not appear in historical events such as military and political events, although they did appear in literature and art. This does not mean that women were invisible and insignificant during this time period. They attended public festivities, ceremonies, and funerals. Women that were part of the citizen class were protected by the law.
In the Roman society, women would nominate a dominate man in their family to act in their legal interests. By doing this, the legal system and families were able to keep the property one inherited in the man’s family instead of having the women inherit it. Women were not able to speak in, attend or vote in any political setting. Women were extremely lucky if they were allowed to have a political view. Although the roman religion was mostly dominated by men, women were allowed to become priestess, unfortunately, this was very rare.
In philosophy, many great thinkers have written on the subject of women and in particular, how women were expected to behave in society. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, for example wrote in his work Emile, that women should be trained to embody submissive and manipulative attributes. Edmond Burke, another great thinker, emphasised that rights should be conferred on an individual based on traditions rather than skill. Although this view did not explicitly target women, it did demonstrate a striking resemblance to the treatment toward women during that time. The obsession of promoting the views of men, by society, empowered one women to speak on the rights of women.
Women in the 300 BCE-600 CE time period had few rights, which varied from country to country. They were responsible for household chores, upbringing of the child, and to be faithful to their husband. Failure to do so would result in public humiliation or death.Within the Roman civilization, women played a large role in helping shape their family life, business, religious rituals and even in politics. However, in the Han dynasty of China women were not considered citizens and were viewed as inferior to men. During the time period of the Roman civilization, women were considered inferior to men, but they still had an influence on their family.
Gender roles are constructed by society and attributed to women or men. In the book of vindication of the right of a woman, Wollstonecraft brings out clearly the roles of a woman in her society and how it has led to oppression of women (Wollstonecraft 22). Wollstonecraft believes that men and women are equal given the same environment and empowerment, women can do anything a man can do. In her society, education for women is only aimed at making her look pleasing to men. Women are treated as inferior being and used by men as sex objects.
3. Domestic life and society Ancient Egyptian women and Roman women’s most important social role was that of managing a household, however, ancient Egyptian women were accorded a relatively high social status (Watterson 1991:23) and were not confined to the house (Robins 1993:113). They could take part in business activities (Watterson 1991:25), in contrast to Roman women, who had a very limited role in public life, and could not attend, speak in, or vote at political assemblies and could not hold any position of political responsibility or conduct their own business (Clarke 1981:206-207). Once Roman women were married they took on the social status of their husband and had a duty to look after the home, bear and nurture children (Gardner 1991:67). Women who could afford slaves had a life of more leisure, but the less fortunate women in both regions had to prepare their own food, clean their houses, and wash their clothes (Watterson
The Melian dialogue is a conversation between the council of Melos and the Athenians. The Melians were a colony of the Lacedaemonians (Sparta), but they did not wish to be the subject to the Athenians. The Athenian Empire was a powerful enemy to be reckoned with, and they had the power to back it up. Before the Athenians came along, the Melians were a neutral colony, but did not wish to participate in any war unless they were being under attacked. The Athenians however, wished to take the Melians under their rule even though the Melians refused to be their subject.
32). The social and political position woman in ancient Egypt: In terms of Greek and Rome, women were not allowed that many rights in the legal or political structure; while, women of Egypt bestowed a handful legal rights that Greece and Roman women were denied of. They were authorized to own plots of land, operate in private and public businesses, farms, and lastly, they were courageous enough to bring action against men (Casson, 2001, p. 32). Despite all
Civil or political rights for the female was strictly limited, as they were considered susceptible and fragile which were not capable of making their own decisions. The conduct book Woman in her Social and Domestic Character (1831) representing the traditional ideas about Victorian women, the author believes the domestic home life is the primary sources of a woman’s influence, while they should take the subordinate position to men . Therefore, we can see women at that time were expected to marry and live up to an image of “ideal wife”– submissive, demure and perform domestic duties–rather than receive the formal
In ancient times, which in this analogy will be referred to as the shadows on the wall in Plato’s cave, women were seen as inherently inferior to men, and their only role was to get married and have children. Men owned women, they were passed down from their father’s possession to their husband’s possession, as symbolized in the traditional isle-walking during marriage, and dowries almost always being needed for marriage. The old sentiment was, that nobody wanted previously “used” property. In addition, because there was no contraception and heritage decided your level of respect in the community, virginity was a guaranteed paternity test. But of course, all these reasons for the invention of virginity pale in comparison to religion.
They were not needed for management of lands and people, as the men lost their purpose for a full-time army. Instead, their role and rights began to decline, until they reflected those of any other Greek woman outside of Sparta. Many historians, such as Aristotle, blamed women for this loss. Claiming that
Rough Draft Topic Paragraph: Have you ever wondered how women went from being considered as objects to being considered as equal? In the Elizabethan era, they were seen as objects to obtain fame, power, and wealth, not seen as people. Because of this mindset, they couldn’t do or learn anything, just because of the fact that they were women (Gale). It was also largely debated if they even had souls (Gale). Since this time, the way women are perceived has changed.