Women's Role In The Civil Rights Movement

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Women played a key role during the Civil Rights Movement, as political and social player. While men thought women were decreasing their actions and their impacts because they were fighting for more personal rights, or at least more focused on women rights. Some of them did a lot for the entire Black community. Mary McLeod Bethune did a lot for her community. According to the biography ‘Mary Jane McLeod Bethune.’ published by the A&E Television Networks, she was born in 1875 in Maysville in South Carolina from a former slave family; she lived her childhood in poverty, picking cotton in the croplands. Graduated from a girl school, education was for her “the key to racial advancement” (10-11). In 1904, she founded the ‘Daytona Normal and Industrial Institute’ with at the beginning 5 students. They were 250 few years after. In 1935, she founded the National Council of Negro Women. Along the years, she acquired important roles in the American society, working for the President of the United States; she was at the best place to make things move. Indeed, she became the special advisor to President Roosevelt and also became a close relative, a friend, to Eleanor Roosevelt, the President’s wife (73-87). She also became in 1936 the « Director of the Division of Negro Affairs of the National Youth Administration » (73-76). Finally, she finished her actions for the black community but moreover for black women when she helped the NAACP at the conference of 1945 on the subject: the
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