The Igbo tribe also worships a minor goddess, Ala. The Igbo tribe view Ala as, “Mother of All Crops”. Ala is in charge of both the land and the people's fertility. Ala is so important to the Igbo tribe that they dedicate a whole week of peace to her. This week pays tribute to her by the tribe being nonviolent, as a result of the week of peace, Ala is supposed to allow for the Igbo tribe to have a great harvest season.
Okonkwo was very passionate about this and lived by these gender roles. Gender matters to Okonkwo because the Ibo tribe has strict gender roles, he wants to be seen as a superior leader in the tribe, and he cares about his reputation in the tribe. The tribe of Ibo is a very gender specified culture. The Ibo people have very strict rules for their women to follow, while the men are given more liberty. In this tribe the women and men each have their own designated jobs.
As Obierika explains, “The white man is very clever...he has put a knife on the things that held us together and we have fallen apart” (176). Achebe’s in-depth story exhibits all aspects of Igbo culture and examines the way a culture can transform as the world progresses around it. Throughout the novel, readers sense the shift in the characters’ attitudes and beliefs towards once-vital traditions. The bold protagonist, Okonkwo, represents the culture, and as pressures to change appear from the outside world, he comes apart at the seams. In Things Fall Apart, Okonkwo, reminiscent of other literary characters, embodies the Igbo way of life and possesses traits that reflect his cultural values.
Igbo society possesses a complex and convoluted culture, in which many of its supporters hold strong judgements and morals about how a society is assumed to function. Okonkwo, being a courageous and diligent follower of Igbo customs, develops many complications when Western society attempts to influence his dedication to his religion. Chinua Achebe conveys the theme of religion and how one’s beliefs could alter their perspective of how a society functions. Okonkwo’s cultural collision represents how his life obstacles (and goals), religious affairs, and his fear of failure may intervene with western society, eventually leading to his downfall. Moreover, Okonkwo asserts his dominance and authority over his village and family by implementing
For instance, women painted the the compound of the egwugwu (Achebe 84). Furthermore, the first wife of a man in the Ibo society is paid some respect. This deference is illustrated by the palm wine ceremony at Nwakibie's obi . Anasi, Nwakibie's first wife, had not yet arrived and "the others [other wives] could not drink before her" (Achebe 22). The importance of woman's role appears when Okonkwo is exiled to his motherland.
The Igbo religion had been passed on from generation to generation, which caused them to be so strong in their religion, so when the white missionaries came and tried to convert them, they were very unwilling to switch to Christianity (Kucharski, Mike.). The fictional characters in the novel participated in certain rituals that reflect the religion of the Igbo people. When public events take place in the novel, the egwugwu, who represent the ancestors and deities, meet with all the people of the village in one space; this shows that the Igbo had a religion that influenced their government (Ogbaa, Kalu.). In the later chapters of Things Fall Apart, Achebe uses a conversation between Okonkwo and Obierika to say that the village’s way of life works because of their land, language, customs, and religion, but the white missionaries disturbed the peace of their village and caused things to begin to go badly for the Igbo (Achebe, Chinua.). Throughout the whole novel, Achebe points out the main differences between the Igbo religion and Christianity.
Consequently, he was a debtor who owed lots of cowries to many men. “After the death of Unoka, Okonkwo was ashamed to be the son of his father, because in his father’s lifetime, he didn’t take a title or even make a name for himself” (Achebe 8). Yet, the clan didn’t judge a man on the worth of his father, they judged a man’s worth according to his own actions. Unlike his father, Okonkwo was a wealthy farmer who had taken two titles in Umuofia. Furthermore, he had shown incredible prowess as a strong warrior.
A sense of identity is often acquired and developed by everyone as they mature, but it is always changing as the culture changes. The novel, Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe, follows the development of several characters in response to a cultural shock caused by the Westernization of the Ibo tribe in Nigeria. The protagonist of the book, Okonkwo, is a strong, diligent leader and supercilious warrior of the tribe who obsessed over his masculine image. However, Okonkwo’s eldest son, Nwoye, tries to shadow and please his father, but ultimately fails for he has a soft side. Especially when it comes to religion, Nwoye’s believes, morals, and interests often diverse from his fathers.
The author describes this theme, “ Okonkwo was well known throughout the nine villages and ever beyond. His fame rested on solid personal achievements…, he had no patience with his father.” In other words, Okonkwo had used his disgust of his father’s lack of achievement as a motivator to become a well known person in Umiwafia. This disgust however, had lead to a distaste