Women's Role In Transnational Migration

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Decades ago, starting from the assumption that migration would be related to men’s work, women were believed to participate in migration only as a companion, or, eventually, in family reunion. However, the changes to the women’s role in many societies, their insertion in the labor market, the advancement on the emancipation process, and, above all, the present increase in number of female migrants, makes it even more arguable and surpassed the notion of women as just passive agents on migratory processes.
Brought about by the decentralization of manufacturing production from the developed countries is a key explanation for the increasing demand of low -wage labor from the developing countries. Due to developing economy, the life standard
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Today, studies have examined that large number of female migrants migrate from developing countries for better job opportunities in the developed nations. The invisibility of women participating in transnational migration has now gained more attention because of the transforming global labor market. Nevertheless, women labor is not only considered as low-wage labor but also undervalued as “cheap” or…show more content…
For instance, the work force is gendered in a sense that men usually worked in construction and mining whereas women migrated mainly for traditionally feminized labor such as reproductive labor. This suggests the gender relations and gender hegemony that constructs masculine and feminine identity. For instance, in the Philippines, men are regarded as the breadwinners whereas women are expected to engage in reproductive works such as taking care of families, house-hold chores, etc. Additionally, works that are constructed to be feminine are often considered to be unskilled. Whereas, it is neglected that women from the development parts are educated and skilled enough for the jobs they are hired in. For instance, most of the Filipino women who are working as a domestic worker in Rome and Los Angeles have achieved at least high school degree and vocational training required for the job. Nevertheless, they are categorized as being unskilled and are categorized as low-waged labor in global labor market. Still large number of women migrates for this opportunity since the low-wage salary is still higher when compared to that of the salary that they would have received otherwise in their country of

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